Sudan and South Sudan moved to reduce the hostilities that have severely weakened both

of their economies.
Chancellor announces himself on social media site with promise to 'tackle the economy's problems head-on'The best responses to far to Osborne's new Twitter feedThe chancellor, George Osborne, has joined Twitter just hours before he is due to deliver his budget .@George_Osborne rapidly gained over 10,000 followers an hour after his inaugural tweet proclaimed he would "present a budget that tackles the economy's problems head on" and help those "who want to work hard & get on".He also attached a picture of himself at a desk beside the ministerial red box briefcase, which will contain the government's fiscal and monetary plans for the next

financial year as he stands before the Commons dispatch box.There was initial doubt about whether the account was genuine, but then the HM Treasury Twitter account welcomed the chancellor to the site. Other ministers also joined in

and the PM retweeted Osborne's message.However,
the BBC's Robert Peston said he would "eat his smartphone" if Osborne's fingers were pushing the buttons.Former deputy prime minister and avid tweeter

John Prescott instantly seized upon the chancellor's arrival to take a swipe at his policies, writing: "So @George_Osborne gets 3,745 followers in just 18 minutes. If only he could get that kind of growth in the economy. Or indeed ANY growth."In what may be seen as a sign of deference, Osborne chose first to follow the prime minister's two Twitter accounts, then the Treasury and then fellow cabinet minsters.The
list soon expanded to include the German central bank, the IMF, the historian Niall Ferguson, Microsoft billionaire Bill Gates, and the Beautiful World account, which posts pictures of natural scenes from around the globe. He had yet to follow the Bank of England.Budget 2013TwitterGeorge OsborneBudgetShiv Malikguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More FeedsAs Lagos aims to become a premier business center, the city’s poor and homeless are becoming the government’s enemy.
MIT Assistant Professor of Physics Jeff Gore is getting a $1.5 million

award to conduct research into the evolutionary origins of cooperation by applying game theory to how single-celled yeast make decisions about consuming and sharing sugar, the Paul G. Allen Family Foundation announced recently.Four other researchers from Stanford, Yale, the

University of

California-San Diego and the University of California-San Francisco also received Allen Distinguished Investigator awards, competitive three-year grants designed to support innovative research that typically does not receive support from traditional sources.
The researchers will work on cellular decision making and modeling dynamic biological systems.�It’s
really exciting to get such innovative ideas for such early stage research and we are anticipating great things to come from this,” said Kathy Richmond, senior program

officer for the Allen Foundation.Gore’s
project, �Microbial studies of cellular decision-making: game theory and the evolutionary origins of cooperation,” will apply game theory to analysis of sugar consumption among yeast as a model biological system.The
work will examine probabilistic or mixed strategies among yeast and the evolution of cooperative behaviors in the consumption of two different sugars, galactose and glucose.
�Even genetically identical

cells placed in some environment will often not all do the same thing,” Gore said.
In particular, some will turn on a

particular gene while others will not.�From
our standpoint, we really use these laboratory microbial populations to try and get insight into some of these bigger ideas, but I think that there is really kind of feedback in both directions. We really want a better understanding both of microbes but also as we do this, we hope that some of the phenomena that are common in microbes may also end up being true in animal populations and maybe even human populations,” Gore said.The Allen Award will be managed by the Department of Physics; Gore’s prior research funded by the National Institutes of Health was managed by the Materials Processing Center at MIT.The
Gore Lab team includes graduate student David Healey, lead researcher on the mixed-strategy; graduate student Hasan Celiker, for the work on the evolution of cooperation and ecological factors; postdoctoral associate Alvaro Sanchez; and Pappalardo Postdoctoral Fellow Kiril Korolev, who will be leading a range expansion study. �It’s really quite an interdisciplinary team google sniper one of the things that’s fun about this area,” Gore said.Gore
studied the cheater dynamic as a postdoctoral associate at MIT

under Professor Alexander van Oudenaarden using yeast sucrose metabolism as a model system to understand the evolution of cooperation and cheating. �The basic question is how a population, which is collectively doing something, enforce that state of cooperation.
It may be the case that cheater strategies, that is, individuals

that don’t fully contribute to the public good, they may have an advantage relative to those cooperator individuals and the cheater may then be able to spread throughout the population in

particular genetically,” Gore said.�If the cheater is able to have more offspring than the cooperators, then that cheater genotype, or phenotype, spreads throughout the population and this leads to a loss of cooperation at the level of the population,” he said.�In the original Nature paper in 2009, what I found was that the cooperators and the cheaters coexisted.
So the cheaters could spread in the population of cooperatives but they didn’t drive the cooperators extinct.
What we found is that’s because the cooperators keep some of the public goods that they create. They eat just 1 percent of the sugar they create before they share it and that

small preferential access allows them to survive in the presence of the cheaters.
That’s going to be a very common rule for how cooperation can be favored, by just keeping a little bit of the benefits, it can make a qualitative difference. It can transform the situation from where the cooperators would be wiped out to a case where you at least get survival of both cooperators and cheaters,” Gore said.
paramXMLPath: encodeURIComponent("http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/MIT/slideshow/param.php?id=18820&slideshow_delay=4&modified=151047"),
Filed under: Research Reveals Genetic study reveals startlingly little diversity in the enigmatic ocean creature The decision by Egyptian officials to virtually shut down Internet access to the country Friday marked an audacious escalation in the battle between authoritarian governments and tech-savvy protesters. It was also a direct challenge to the Obama administration's attempts to promote Internet freedom. �Frances and Bernard” by Carlene Bauer is a novel told in letters between characters based, both in temperament and biographical detail, on the writers Flannery O’Connor and Robert Lowell.
A college counselor advises high school seniors to decide how they plan to learn and share their admission decisions, and how to evaluate their offers of acceptance.
Desert rodent provides clues to how bones reach their correct length The vegetable ragout is a simplified version of a classic Sicilian spring stew.     The fundamental legacy of Hugo Chávez, who


on Tuesday, is not made of concrete and steel, highways and houses, but something less tangible: he has changed the way Venezuelans think.
MOSCOW - Two separate legal proceedings this week are freighted with significance for Russia, helping determine whether the country will move closer to the West or remain an arm's-length acquaintance, widely regarded with suspicion.
If you ask MIT students where they see themselves in a few years, you’ll get a wide range of answers — but almost all will be on dry land. MIT senior Cameron McCord feels a different calling: the ocean deep.A
physics and nuclear science and engineering major from Springfield, Va., who is part of the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) at MIT, McCord will spend at least five years as an officer in the U.S.
Navy after graduating.
A commitment to service is typical for NROTC students, but McCord is taking the road less traveled by being selected for submarine service.�A
submarine is basically an engineer’s dream, because it’s a completely isolated nuclear powerplant that’s on its own underwater,” explains McCord, a 2012 Truman Scholar. �Submarines are awesome; I always sort of geek out when I’m talking about them.”As
a boy, McCord loved the idea of serving in the Navy and looked up to his uncle, a U.S. Navy rear admiral. At the same time, he avidly read books about science, lingering on diagrams and discussing physics with his father.
At Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, McCord’s passion for math and science flourished and eventually led him to MIT.McCord’s time at the Institute has been packed with early morning NROTC trainings, varsity soccer micro niche finder with his fraternity brothers in Phi Sigma Kappa, and numerous student activities on top

of coursework for his double major.
His summers have included nuclear engineering and policy internships, submarine cruises, training with the South Korean Navy, and a nuclear conference in Moscow.Through
all he does, McCord has a goal: �I want to be someone who’s positioned to make good, responsible policy on nuclear issues, nuclear security and energy as a whole,” he says.Analyzing FukushimaWhen McCord was placed in an internship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) through MIT’s Washington internship program the summer after his sophomore year, he was looking forward to gaining some experience with nuclear policy.
He got more than he was expecting.Two
months before McCord began work at the NRC, the March 2011 tsunami hit Japan,

causing disastrous meltdowns at the nuclear plant in Fukushima. When McCord arrived, the office was still dealing with the aftermath. �People were

still very much in crisis mode,” he says.
�There were employees working 24-hour shifts, and they were just doing anything they could.”McCord
worked on a task force under George Apostolakis, an NRC commissioner and an MIT professor emeritus of nuclear science and engineering.
Their goal was to come up with recommendations on

how to avoid another Fukushima-like accident in the future.McCord focused on computer simulations of how different reactors at a nuclear plant affect one another, as they had at Fukushima. �A lot of the modeling is based on one reactor in one location, pretending it’s isolated. But that’s not how it is in real life,” McCord explains. �Reactors that are right next to each other will affect each other.
If one of them has a meltdown, it’s producing a ton of decay heat.
It’s sort of like a domino effect, and I was trying to model that as robustly as possible.”At the end of the summer, McCord watched as the task force recommendations were presented to Congress.
�I saw the things that I had been learning about in my major being talked about at high governmental levels in a very quick, exciting way, and I felt that I actually had an impact,” McCord says.World travelsInternational relationships also impact nuclear and military policy, as McCord saw firsthand in both Russia and South Korea. Through a partnership between MIT’s Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering and the Skolkovo Institute of Technology, McCord and other MIT students attended the ATOMEXPO nuclear conference in Moscow last summer.�We
were the only U.S.
contingent there, which ended up drawing attention toward us,” says McCord, who participated in a panel on youth in science along with a few Russian students and another MIT student. �I had no idea what I was getting myself into.
It was stressful. I wanted to communicate everything clearly.

Everything was being translated, and it was broadcast on national Russian television.”Despite
their differences in

background and culture, McCord says, the Russian students and MIT students learned a lot from one another.
�We were all young people interested in nuclear power,” he says.Later that summer,

McCord and three other NROTC students joined in exercises with the South Korean Navy for a month.
�My home was the ship.
We basically went all around the coast, popping into ports,” he says.Besides

the demanding training and the language barrier, McCord learned some sobering lessons.
�To be with these kids in the South Korean military, younger than I was, who are legitimately worried that North Korea could just roll through the border and attack them, opened my eyes,” he says.One
day, the unit drove to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), the border between South Korea and North Korea. �We’re riding in this beat-up old school bus, it’s like 95 degrees, we’re in full uniform. People are laughing and playing Gameboy games,” McCord recounts. �When we’re within 20 minutes [of the DMZ], there’s just absolute silence. It was one of the most powerful experiences I’ve had.”Nuclear nuancesAs a prospective nuclear engineer, McCord is well aware that his chosen major remains controversial in some quarters. His own views have shifted since coming to MIT, and he hopes to correct common misconceptions about nuclear power.�When
you really get down to it and run the numbers, nuclear energy is in the equation. It has to be,” McCord says.
�The long-term solution for energy change, I think, is renewable fat burning furnace review there’s a kind

of sweet spot between the next 20 and 40 years where we’ll need nuclear energy to meet the grid requirements while we invest more money in renewables.”Another
distinction McCord emphasizes is the difference between nuclear power for energy and for military purposes. �Having all this extra nuclear material and things that you can use to make bombs and nuclear missiles is not safe,” he says.
�That’s another thing that I’ve definitely tried to take on, is separating the two in people’s minds, which I think needs to happen.”
Juan Nicasio made it easy for Colorado manager Walt Weiss to make it official. Guillermo Barros Schelotto leads Columbus to the MLS Cup, capping his MVP season with three assists in the Crew's 3-1 win over the Red Bulls. Self-declared leader of hacking collective Anonymous UK allegedly raped woman in a tent outside St Paul's cathedralA self-declared leader of the

hacking collective Anonymous UK twice raped a woman at the Occupy London camp outside St Paul's cathedral in central in London, a court has heard.Malcolm
Blackman, 45, allegedly raped the woman once when she was asleep

in a tent at the camp, and again a week later. On a separate occasion he forcibly put cable ties round her wrists to restrain her, the Old Bailey was told.Giving

evidence behind a screen, the woman said she lived in south London but

spent weekends at the Occupy camp, which was set up in mid-October 2011 and then removed by police and bailiffs the following February.She described being befriended by Blackman at Occupy: "He was part of a group calling themselves Anonymous UK.
He was

a welcoming sort of character, people turned to him and said, 'What do we do about this?' He seemed to be a leader sort of person."The pair began a relationship, kept secret from others, in the run-up to the New Year. The woman said she was kissing Blackman in her tent on 14 January when he put cable ties over her hands and forced her onto the floor. Breaking down in tears she said: "He pulled my hands behind me, grabbed hold of

my arms and put something around my wrists and

tied them very tightly."The woman said she was crying at the time but felt too shocked and afraid to protest too vigorously: "I told him he's hurt me, but he didn't seem bothered, he just said next time we'll have to use a code word.
I just got dressed and lay there crying."The following week, the woman said, she fell asleep talking to Blackman in the tent and woke up to find him raping her. She said: "I was scared of how he would react if I told anyone. I had seen him get angry with other people in the camp, and I thought if I started talking about it he wouldn't agree."She said she was raped again by him a week later. Her testimony was to continue on Friday.Blackman,
from Weston-super-Mare, Avon, denies two counts of rape.
The trial continues.RapeOccupy LondonLondonProtestOccupy movementAnonymousHackingPeter Walkerguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The Obama administration is leaning toward revising its landmark proposal to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from new power plants, according to several individuals briefed on the matter, a move that would delay tougher restrictions and could anger many environmentalists.
Read full article >> Businesses are preparing revamped menus but with a pending legal challenge to the new ban, some owners are taking a wait-and-see approach in the hope that the beverage industry will win out. The author extols the

virtues of an eggplant, a versatile fruit.     Fans will whoop to hear Tiger Eyes has been made into a film. For many she was the first writer to make sense of the worldTiger Eyes, my favourite of Judy Blume's books, has been made into a

film which finally has a US release date.
I'll leave a pause for a generation of women to leap whooping from their seats, and the rest of you can just look bemused and embarrassed, like a dog faced with strong emotion.Tiger
Eyes tells the story of Davey, a 15-year-old girl who has moved to New Mexico with forex growth bot brother and her mother, following the violent death of her father. It is a

book about anguish, and the paralysing effects of grief; it is a story of bad decisions made in the grips of bereavement and adolescence.
The book opens with Davey borrowing a pair of her mother's shoes for the funeral, which she describes in covetous detail. When I first read the book I envied the shoes (strappy sandals with a heel) but by the time of later readings I was more familiar with the habit of displacing the rawness of new sorrow with practical banalities. This is Blume's skill: she is an unsentimental writer, who recognises, exposes and ultimately forgives the protective veneer of adolescent selfishness which we spend our teens trying to justify, and the rest of our lives trying to grow out of.Judy
Blume is loved by those of us who grew up with her because, we felt, she really understood us. There is a quote on the back of my copy of Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret (surely one of the best book titles of all time) – "We love your stories.
You must know what we're really thinking." I remember being surprised to find that I agreed with this statement.
I was so used to reading books that were patronising, dated, unfamiliar, magical, that I was astonished to find someone who seemed to inhabit a world I recognised, whose characters were neither impossibly good nor grotesquely comic.
Blume was one of the first writers I read to help me make sense of this grubby and complicated reality; full of friends and sisters and parents and bodies and schools, all busy being imperfect, disappointing and revolting.
Blume helped me to see that the

humiliation I felt at being an adolescent girl – quite apart from any specifics of person or incident – was this enormous shared secret which united us in our loneliness.Of course, in our teens, everyone talked about Forever (the sex book, and the only Blume book I've never read); but the drunken Judy conversations that have become one of the joys of my 30s suggest this is nobody's favourite.
Forever was written at the request of Blume's daughter, who asked for a book which talked honestly about sex and, honestly, I wasn't having sex when I was reading Judy. I preferred to spy on Deenie with her back brace; Sally J Freedman whose fantasy world protects her from the horrors of losing family

members in the Holocaust; Winnie, welcoming the first black family to her street in Iggie's House. Blume's stories often balance on the back of big issues, yet they never seem patronising or instructive. By peopling her books with characters who excel in fallibility, Blume pulls the harrowing reality of the world down to the level of the most sheltered young person. These people are you.
This is how you would feel, too.The
joy of Judy does not just exist in the pages of her books. In real life, Blume is a campaigner against censorship, a jolly tweeter, and is peelingly honest about her own imperfections as a mother. I recently found out that Tiger Eyes was written in the aftermath of an unhappy move to New Mexico, where Blume took her children to be with her second husband.
But I never wanted Judy to be my mother, or my friend – I wanted to live in her books, for them

to be my reality.When I first read Tiger Eyes, I didn't know what a canyon was, and the only desert I could picture was nothing but dunes and camels; yet Davey's life seemed more real than my own. Judy helped me to grow up, and if I ever manage it, I will thank her.Children and teenagersFilm adaptationsMorven Crumlishguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     A rarely sighted melon-headed whale has beached itself and died on the eastern coast of the Caribbean island of Trinidad. A Mexican woman known as the "Queen of the Pacific" has pleaded guilty in a U.S. federal court in Miami to a drug trafficking charge and admitted she provided money to a former Colombian drug lord to help him avoid

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