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Founded in 1895, the '''National Association of Manufacturers''' (NAM) is a large and influential trade association that describes itself as "the powerful voice of the manufacturing community and the leading advocate for a policy agenda that helps manufacturers compete in the global economy and create jobs across the United States."<ref name="about">National Association of Manufacturers, [http://www.nam.org/About-Us/About-the-NAM/US-Manufacturers-Association.aspx About the NAM], organizational website, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref> The group has been described by the ''New York Times'' as one of "Washington's most powerful trade associations."<ref name="sec donations">Nicholas Confessore, "[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/24/us/politics/sec-is-asked-to-make-companies-disclose-donations.html S.E.C. Is Asked to Require Disclosure of Donations]," ''New York Times'', April 23, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

NAM has a long roster of [[lobbyist]]s in Washington lobbying on dozens of issues.

Although NAM has a long and unabashed history of representing the interests of industrial corporations, progressive blogger [[David Sirota]] has accused them of being a "[[front group]]," a "corrupt, partisan wing of the Republican apparatus whose leadership often uses NAM's resources against the interests of the majority of NAM's own members.<ref>David Sirota, [http://www.workingassetsblog.com/2007/05/nam_inadvertently_exposes_its.html "GOP Front Group Exposes It's Own Corruption & the Right's Fraying Coalition,"] ''Sirotablog'' (''WorkingForChange''), May 8, 2007.</ref>


==Ties to the Koch Brothers==

In 2012, [[Freedom Partners]] reported giving $1,170,000 to NAM. Freedom Partners has been described as "the [[Koch brothers]]' secret bank."<ref>Mike Allen and Jim Vandehi, "[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/behind-the-curtain-exclusive-the-koch-brothers-secret-bank-96669.html#ixzz2hj4y5I8o Exclusive: The Koch brothers' secret bank]," ''Politico'', September 11, 2013. Accessed June 24, 2014.</ref>


NAM is active in lobbying on a variety of issues related to its policy goals. Its annual spending on lobbying has been as high as $13.2 million (in 2006) with a roster of registered lobbyists as large as 52 (in 2006).<ref>Center for Responsive Politics, [http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?id=D000054156&year=2006 National Assn of Manufacturers], lobbying report, 2006. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref><ref>Center for Responsive Politics, [http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientlbs.php?id=D000054156&year=2006 National Assn of Manufacturers], lobbyists report, 2006. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

As of June, NAM had spent $2,040,000 in 2014 on lobbying related to 68 different bills, and had 34 registered lobbyists.<ref>Center for Responsive Politics, [http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?id=D000054156&year=2014 National Assn of Manufacturers], summary report, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

==Election Spending==

National Association of Manufacturers has been active in political campaigns through its PAC.

==News and Advocacy==

===Opposition to EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases===

The EPA released a new draft rule on coal emissions in June 2014, which would require power plants to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions to 30% below their 2005 level by 2030.<ref>Neela Banerjee, "[http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-climate-change-rule-20140602-story.html New EPA rule would seek to cut carbon emissions 30% by 2030]," ''L.A. Times'', June 2, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref> In a statement opposing the rule, NAM claimed that

:"manufacturers rely on secure and affordable energy to compete in a tough global economy, and recent gains are largely due to the abundance of energy we now enjoy. Today’s proposal from the EPA could singlehandedly eliminate this competitive advantage by removing reliable and abundant sources of energy from our nation’s energy mix."<ref>National Association of Manufacturers, "[http://www.nam.org/Communications/Articles/2014/05/New-EPA-Rule-Will-Threaten.aspx New EPA Rule Will Threaten Manufacturers’ Competitive Advantage]," press release, June 2, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

In late June, the Supreme Court released a decision largely upholding the EPA's authority over regulating carbon emissions, but which accused the EPA "of seeking an “enormous and transformative expansion” of its authority without approval from Congress," according to ''Politico''. A statement from NAM called the decision a "victory for the integrity of our regulatory process and rational limits on executive power."<ref>Erica Martinson, "[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/06/supreme-court-epa-early-greenhouse-gas-rules-108181.html Supreme Court nibbles at EPA’s greenhouse gas powers]," ''Politico'', June 23, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

In April 2009, NAM protested the [[Environmental Protection Agency]]'s finding that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions endangered public health and could be regulated under the [[Clean Air Act]]. "Using outdated programs under the law to regulate GHG emissions would burden an ailing economy while doing little or nothing to improve the environment, NAM Pres. [[John Engler]] said. 'The clean air laws were designed to focus on local pollutants. GHG emissions, however, are global in nature and require a new framework.'" <ref>Nick Snow, "[http://www.ogj.com/display_article/359715/7/ONART/none/GenIn/1/EPA-issues-proposed-endangerment-finding-on-GHGs/ EPA issues proposed endangerment finding on GHGs]," ''Oil & Gas Journal'', April 20, 2009.</ref>

In the 1990s, NAM coordinated a group called the "Air Quality Standards Coalition," an industry coalition "to fight EPA limits on soot and smog pollution" that was managed by [[C. Boyden Gray]], who at that time also headed [[Citizens for a Sound Economy]].<ref>Brad Johnson, "[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/25/secret-science-epa_n_5529521.html Republicans Wage Anti-'Secret Science' Campaign Against The EPA]," American Independent Institute, published by ''Huffington Post'', June 25, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

====Duke Energy Quits NAM Over Refusal to Address Global Warming====

In 2009, [[Duke Energy]], which operates scores of coal-fired power plants in the Southeast and Midwest, would not be renewing its membership due to NAM's refusal to address global warming. In an interview, Duke CEO [[Jim Rogers]] siad, "We are not renewing our membership in NAM because in tough times, we want to invest in associations that are pulling tin the same direction we are." Rogers said that NAM, as well as the [[US Chamber of Commerce]] and the Republican Party "ought to roll up their sleeves and get to work on a climate bill, but quite frankly, I don't see them changing."<ref>Amanda Terkel, [http://thinkprogress.org/2009/05/08/duke-nam/ "Duke Energy Quits the Right-Wing National Association of Manufacturers Over Differences on Climate Policy,"] Think Progress, May 8, 2009</ref>

===Opposition to Sanctions on Russia===

In June 2014, the Obama administration planned to expand sanctions against Russia by "banning any interactions with some of Russia’s largest banks; cutting off technology transfers to Russian energy and defense firms; and shutting down business with Russian defense companies." These planned sanctions were in responses to apparent Russian involvement in supplying troops and equipment to separatists in eastern Ukraine.<ref name="baker">Peter Baker, "http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/25/world/europe/doubting-putin-obama-prepares-to-add-pressure.html?ref=world]," ''New York Times'', June 24, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref> NAM and the [[US Chamber of Commerce]] planned to oppose the proposed sanctions by running ads in "The Financial Times, The Hill, The New York Times, Politico, Roll Call, The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post" that claimed sanctions "would harm American manufacturers and cost American jobs."<ref name="baker"/>

===NAM v. SEC (Opposition to Conflict Minerals Rule)===

Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, passed in 2010, required annual disclosure about "whether any conflict minerals that are necessary to the functionality or production of a product of the person, as defined in the provision, originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country."<ref name="sec">Securities and Exchange Commission, [http://www.sec.gov/spotlight/dodd-frank/speccorpdisclosure.shtml Dodd-Frank, Specialized Corporate Disclosure], May 30, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2013.</ref> This "conflict minerals rule" was challenged when NAM, along with the [[U. S. Chamber of Commerce]] and the [[Business Roundtable]], petitioned the U.S. Court of Appeals to review rules the SEC developed to implement Section 1502, arguing that the SEC had violated procedural requirements and that the rule requirements violated the First Amendment by compelling speech.<ref name="fedregs">Leland E. Beck, "[http://www.fedregsadvisor.com/2014/04/14/d-c-circuit-vacates-dodd-frank-conflict-minerals-provision-sec-rule-as-violating-first-amendment-free-speech/ D.C. Circuit Vacates Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals Provision & SEC Rule as Violating First Amendment Free Speech], Federal Regulations Advisor, April 14, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref> According to legal representation for Amnesty International, which intervened as a respondent in the case, a July 2013 decision by the district court rejected these arguments, but the court of appeals

:"invalidated the requirement that companies use specific language when reporting that their products have “not been found to be DRC-conflict free.” Applying Central Hudson Gas & Electric v. Public Service Commission, 447 U.S. 557 (1980), the court of appeals held that requiring this specific descriptor violates regulated entities’ First Amendment right against compelled commercial speech."<ref>Public Citizen Litigation Group, ''[http://www.citizen.org/litigation/forms/cases/getlinkforcase.cfm?cID=787 National Association of Manufacturers et al. v. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission]'', case description, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

In the decision, Senior Circuit Judge A. Raymond Randolph wrote,

:"The label “conflict free” is a metaphor that conveys moral responsibility for the Congo war. It requires an issuer to tell consumers that its products are ethically tainted, even if they only indirectly finance armed groups. An issuer, including an issuer who condemns the atrocities of the Congo war in the strongest terms, may disagree with that assessment of its moral responsibility. And it may convey that “message” through “silence.” See Hurley, 515 U.S. at 573. By compelling an issuer to confess blood on its hands, the statute interferes with that exercise of the freedom of speech under the First Amendment.<ref>Judge Randolph, [http://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/D3B5DAF947A03F2785257CBA0053AEF8/$file/13-5252-1488184.pdf National Association of Manufacturers, et al., v. Securities and Exchange Commission, et al.], U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit. April 14, 2014. Accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>


While NAM does not disclose its donors, tax filings from other groups show that it has received contributions from the following organizations:<ref>Center for Responsive Politics, [http://www.opensecrets.org/outsidespending/contrib.php?cmte=C30001663&cycle=2010 National Assn of Manufacturers], donors report, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

*[[Freedom Partners]]: $1,170,000 (2012)

*[[Free Enterprise America]]: $2,500,000 (2011)

*[[American Petroleum Institute]]: $1,163,650 (2008)


NAM does not appear to provide a listing of its current members.

After losing a legal challenge to language in the "[[Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007]] that requires groups to release the names of members that contribute $5,000 a quarter to the coalition’s lobbying efforts and actively participate in its lobbying activities," NAM listed 65 of its corporate members [http://www.nam.org/s_nam/doc1.asp?CID=202870&DID=240343 on its website]. <ref>Kevin Bogardus, "[http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/nam-discloses-member-list-2008-05-01.html NAM discloses member list]," ''The Hill'', May 1, 2008.</ref> The listing was difficult to find on the website and was posted as a graphics file, making the transfer of the information more difficult.

From their 2008 first quarter lobbying disclosure form: <ref>"[http://www.nam.org/s_nam/doc1.asp?CID=202870&DID=240343 NAM Lobbying Disclosure]," National Association of Manufacturers, accessed May 2008.</ref>

*[[Albemarle Corporation]]

*[[American Electric Power]]

*[[American Petroleum Institute]]

*[[AREVA]] Group


*[[Bayer]] Corporation


*[[Boston Scientific]] Corporation

*[[BP]] Corporation NOrth America

*[[Bristol-Myers Squibb]] Company

*[[Campbell Soup]] Company

*[[Caterpillar]] Inc.

*[[Chevron]] Corporation


*[[CONSOL Energy]], Inc.

*[[Corning]] Incorporated

*[[Deloitte & Touche]] LLP

*[[Delphi]] Corporation

*[[Dominion Resources Services]], Inc.

*[[Dow Corning]] Corporation

*[[Eastman Chemical Company]]

*[[Edison Electric Institute]]

*[[Entergy]] Corporation

*[[Exxon Mobil]] Corporation

*[[FirstEnergy]] Corp.

*[[FMC Technologies]], Inc.

*[[General Electric]] Company

*[[Goodrich Corporation]]

*[[Illinois Tool Works]] Inc.

*[[Ingersoll-Rand]] Coompany

*[[JELD-WEN]], Inc.

*[[Johnson Controls]], Inc.

*[[Koch Industries]], Inc.

*[[Loews Corporation]]

*[[Marathon Oil]] Corporation


*[[Merck]] & Company, Inc.

*[[Northrop Grumman]] Corporation

*[[Occidental Petroleum]] Corporation

*[[Owens-Illinois]], Inc.

*[[PPG Industries]] Inc

*[[PPL]] Corporation

*[[Rockwell Automation]]

*[[Rohm and Haas Company]]

*[[SABIC Americas]], Inc.


*[[Shell Oil]] Company

*[[Smurfit-Stone Container]] Corp.

*[[Sony]] Electronics

*[[Temple-Inland]] Inc.

*[[Terra Industries]] Inc.

*[[Textron]] Inc.

*The [[Clorox]] Company

*The [[Hershey]] Company

*The [[Timken]] Company

*[[Unilever]] United States, Inc.

*[[Union Pacific]] Corporation

*[[United States Steel Corporation]]

*[[USEC]], Inc.


*[[Volvo]] Group North America, Inc.

*[[W L Gore & Associates]], Inc.

*[[W. R. Grace & Co.]]

*[[Weyerhaeuser]] Company

*[[Xerox]] Corporation

===State Associations Group===

According to NAM's website, the following associations are members of its State Associations Group:<ref>National Association of Manufacturers, [http://www.nam.org/Get-Involved/Allied-Organizations/State-Associations-Group/SAG-Directory.aspx SAG Directory], organzational website, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

*[[Business Council of Alabama]]

*[[Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry]]

*[[Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce/Associated Industries of Arkansas]]

*[[California Manufacturers and Technology Association]]

*[[Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry]]

*[[Connecticut Business and Industry Association]]

*[[Delaware State Chamber of Commerce]]]

*[[Associated Industries of Florida]]

*[[Georgia Industry Association]]

*[[Idaho Association of Commerce and Industry]]

*[[Illinois Manufacturers' Association]]

*[[Indiana Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Iowa Association of Business and Industry]]

*[[Kansas Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[Kentucky Association of Manufacturers]]

*[[Louisiana Association of Business & Industry]]

*[[Maine Chamber & Business Alliance]]

*[[Maryland Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[Associated Industries of Massachusetts]]

*[[Michigan Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Minnesota Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[Mississippi Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Associated Industries of Missouri]]

*[[Montana Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[Nebraska Chamber of Commerce & Industry]]

*[[Nevada Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Business and Industry Association of New Hampshire]]

*[[New Jersey Business and Industry Association]]

*[[Association of Commerce and Industry of New Mexico]]

*[[The Business Council of New York State]]

*[[North Carolina Chamber]]

*[[North Dakota Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[The Ohio Manufacturers' Association]]

*[[State Chamber of Oklahoma]]

*[[Associated Oregon Industries]]

*[[Pennsylvania Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Puerto Rico Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Rhode Island Manufacturers Association]]

*[[South Carolina Chamber of Commerce]]

*[[South Dakota Chamber of Commerce & Industry]]

*[[Tennessee Chamber of Commerce and Industry]]

*[[Texas Association of Business]]

*[[Utah Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Associated Industries of Vermont]]

*[[Virginia Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Association of Washington Business]]

*[[West Virginia Manufacturers Association]]

*[[Wisconsin Manufacturers Association]]


===Board of Directors===

As of June 2014:<ref>National Association of Manufacturers, [http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Board-of-Directors/Landing-Page.aspx Board of Directors], organizational website, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

*[[Douglas R. Oberhelman]], Chair. Chairman and CEO, Caterpillar Inc.

*[[Gregg M. Sherrill]], Vice Chair. Chairman and CEO, Tenneco, Inc.

*[[Jay Timmons]], President and CEO.<br>

'''Executive Committee'''<br>

*[[Mary Andringa]], President and CEO, Vermeer Corporation

*[[John W. Conway]], Chairman and CEO, Crown Holdings, Inc.

*[[David N. Farr]], Chairman and CEO, Emerson

*[[Drew Greenblatt]], President and Owner, Marlin Steel Wire Products

*[[Thomas W. Handley]], President and COO, Ecolab, Inc.

*[[Collie L. Hutter]], President, Click Bond, Inc.

*[[Kellie Johnson]], President and CEO, ACE Clearwater Enterprises

*[[Michael W. Lamach]], Chairman and CEO, Ingersoll-Rand

*[[W. Kirk Liddell]], President and CEO, Irex Corporation

*[[Al T. Lubrano]], President, Materion Technical Materials

*[[John F. Lundgren]], Chairman and CEO, Stanley Black & Decker, Inc

*[[Anthony Maddaluna]], President Pfizer Global Supply

*[[James S. Metcalf]], Chairman, President, and CEO USG Corporation

*[[Osamu Nagata]], President and CEO, Toyota North America

*[[J. Larry Nichols]], Executive Chairman, Devon Energy Corporation

*[[Rice Powell]], Chairman and CEO, Fresenius Medical Care

*[[Alfred M. Rankin, Jr.]], Chairman, President, and CEO, Hyster-Yale Materials Handling

*[[Timothy M. Ring]], Chairmand and CEO, C. R. Bard, Inc.

*[[Thomas J. Riordan]], President and CEO, Neenah Enterprises

*[[Ron Saxton]], Executive Vice President, JELD-WEN, Inc.

*[[Ward J. Timken, Jr.]], Chairman, CEO TimkenSteel Corporation

*[[Charles Wetherington]], President, BTE Technologies

*[[Christopher C. Womack]], President, External Affairs, Southern Company

*[[D.W. Woods]], President, ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company, [[Exxon Mobil Corporation]]

*see [http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Board-of-Directors/Landing-Page.aspx http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Board-of-Directors/Landing-Page.aspx] for additional board members<br>

===Senior Staff===

As of June 2014:<ref>National Association of Manufacturers, [http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Member-and-Staff-Leadership/Landing-Page.aspx Member and Staff Leadership], organizational website, accessed June 25, 2014.</ref>

*[[Douglas Oberhelman]], Chair of the Board

*[[Gregg M. Sherrill]], Vice Chair of the Board

*[[Al T. Lubrano]], Chair, Small and Medium Manufacturers Group

*[[Mary Vermeer Andringa]], Immediate Past Chair of the Board

*[[Jay Timmons]], President and CEO

*[[Ann E. Heins]], Senior Vice President, Member and Board Relations

*[[Linda E. Kelly]], Senior Vice President, Legal

*[[Richard I. Klein]], Senior Vice President, CFO & Treasurer

*[[Ned Monroe]], Senior Vice President, External Relations

*[[Aric Newhouse]], Senior Vice President, Policy & Government Relations

*[[Jeffrey J. Pierce]], Senior Vice President, Strategic Development

*[[Erin Streeter]], Senior Vice President, Communications

*see [http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Member-and-Staff-Leadership/Landing-Page.aspx http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Member-and-Staff-Leadership/Landing-Page.aspx] for additional staff members<br>

==Contact information==

National Association of Manufacturers<br>

1331 Pennsylvania Ave. NW<br>

Sixth Floor Washington, DC 20004-1790<br>

Telephone: 202-637-3000 <br>

Fax: 202-637-3182 <br>

Website:http://www.nam.org <br>

Email: manufacturing AT nam.org

==Articles and resources==

===Related SourceWatch articles===

*[[Alliance for Energy and Economic Growth]]

*[[American Justice Partnership]]

*[[Front groups]]

*[[Michael E. Baroody]]

*[[John A. Luke, Jr.]] - former chair

*[[John E. Edgerton]] - former president [http://www.publiceye.org/economic_justice/labor/anti_labor/history/big3.html]



===External resources===

===External articles===

*Stephen Labaton, "[http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/16/washington/16safety.html Bush Nominee to Get Payment From Old Job]," ''New York Times'', May 16, 2007.

*"[http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5i536jfOol1gh7ago3QLE3rrEvhZgD92RFC3G3 Industry groups file lawsuit over polar bear rule]," Associated Press, August 28, 2008.

[[category:organizations]][[category:Industry-funded organizations]][[category:Industry lobby groups]] [[category:United States]][[Category:Koch Connection]]

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