STOP 114A is a campaign by Centre for Independent Journalism (CIJ)
I've shared some of the information here via About STOP 114A.
What is Section 114A?
Section 114A is the second of two amendments made to Malaysia’s Evidence Act 1950.
Law Minister Nazri Aziz tabled the second amendment, formally known as Evidence (Amendment) (No2) Act 2012, in Dewan Rakyat on 18 April. James Dawos Mamit supported the motion, and Section 114A was passed after the second and third reading. On 9 May, Dewan Negara passed the amendment.
The amendment was gazetted on 31 July 2012. This means the law is now operational.
What is the purpose of Section 114A?
Section 114A deals with allegedly illicit or harmful content on the Internet. In short, the amendment enables law enforcement officials to swiftly hold someone accountable for publishing seditious, defamatory, or libelous content online.
How does Section 114A affect you?
Titled “Presumption of Fact in Publication”, Section 114A holds the following people accountable for publishing content online:
those who own, administrate, or edit websites open to public contributors, such as online forums or blogs;
those who provide webhosting services or Internet access; and
those own the computer or mobile device used to publish content online.
In other words, if allegedly defamatory content is traced back to your username, electronic device, and/or WiFi network, Section 114A presumes you are guilty of publishing illicit content on the Internet.
But what if you were the victim of identity theft and a hacker wrongfully used your Twitter or Facebook account to post defamatory content?
Under Section 114A, you are still considered guilty until proven innocent.
What is wrong with Section 114A?
Section 114A is problematic for a number of reasons:
It disproportionately burdens average Internet users who are wrongfully accused of publishing seditious or defamatory content.
It makes Internet intermediaries–parties that provide online community forums, blogging and hosting services–liable for content that is published through their services.
It allows hackers and cyber criminals to be free by making the person whose account/computer is hacked liable for any content/data which might have changed.
It is a bad law passed in haste and does not take into account public interest and participation.
To get more details on how Section 114A could affect you, check out the infographic below:
[click to enlarge]
How will Section 114A affect the freedom of expression?
Section 114A threatens the right to freedom of expression. Internet users may resort to self-censorship to avoid false accusations made under Section 114A. Bloggers, for example, may excessively censor comments made by their readers. As a result, Section 114A inadvertently stifles public discussion about pertinent political or social issues and protects public authorities, such as the State, from public scrutiny.
Visit STOP 114A Resources page to get a more detailed look at the text and implications of Section 114A.
>>---> GET INVOLVED
There are many ways you can participate in Internet Blackout Day on Tuesday, 14th August:
Do keep sharing and spreading the awareness even after the Blackout Day! Many Malaysians need to know about this and let's STOP 114A!
Do you have a website or a blog? Get the pop-up code (link) to create awareness about 114A to your readers!
Do you have Facebook? See how you can spread the awareness here.
Do you use Twitter? Get the badge here to show your support.
I am supporting STOP 114A. Internet should be an independent platform, however, with Section 114A not only did the law encouraged hackers or identity theft to get away by posting to another person account be it on Social Networks or through devices and even Wifi, the person who is innocent will be guilty only until proven innocent. This is unfair! Plus, one is hold accountable for publishing/posting (including commenting) on publishing seditious, defamatory, or libelous content online *even if it's a fact and not not just based on rummors!" So there goes our Freedom of Speech in this Society and this new information technology era!
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For more information about STOP 114A it's available at www.stop114a.wordpress.com, do follow @CIJ_Malaysia on Twitter and Evidence Amendment Act on Facebook for instant updates.