November 30, 2013
In Great Britain, Klaus Fuchs confessed to committing espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union while working on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory during the War. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were arrested in 1950 on charges of stealing atomic bomb secrets for the Soviets and were executed in 1953.
There were also more subtle forces encouraging the rise of McCarthyism. It had long been a practice of more conservative politicians to refer to progressive reforms such as child labor laws and women's suffrage as "Communist" or "Red plots."
This tendency increased in the 1930s in reaction to the New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Many conservatives equated the New Deal with socialism or Communism, and saw its policies as evidence that the government had been heavily influenced by Communist policy-makers in the Roosevelt administration. In general, the vaguely defined danger of "Communist influence" was a more common theme in the rhetoric of anti-Communist politicians than was espionage or any other specific activity.
Joseph McCarthy's involvement with the ongoing cultural phenomenon that would bear his name began with a speech he made on Lincoln Day, February 9, 1950, to the Republican Women's Club of Wheeling, West Virginia.
He produced a piece of paper which he claimed contained a list of known Communists working for the State Department.
McCarthy is usually quoted as saying: "I have here in my hand a list of 205—a list of names that were made known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the State Department."
This speech resulted in a flood of press attention to McCarthy and established the path that made him one of the most recognized politicians in the United States.
The first recorded use of the term McCarthyism was in a political cartoon by Washington Post editorial cartoonist Herbert Block (aka Herblock), published on March 29, 1950.
President Harry Truman's Executive Order 9835 initiated a program of loyalty reviews for federal employees in 1947. It called for dismissal if there were "reasonable grounds ... for belief that the person involved is disloyal to the Government of the United States."
Being disloyal to the government means telling the truth!
Truman, a Democrat, was probably reacting in part to the Republican sweep in the 1946 Congressional election and felt a need to counter growing criticism from conservatives and anti-communists...REAL AMERICANS!
Alger Hiss was an American lawyer, government official, author, and lecture.
Hiss served for a year as clerk to Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., before joining Choate, Hall & Stewart, a Boston law firm. During the era of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal, Hiss became a government attorney.
In 1933, he served briefly at the Justice Department and then became a temporary assistant on the Senate's Nye Committee, investigating cost overruns and alleged profiteering by military contractors during World War I.
During this period, Hiss was also a member of the liberal legal team headed by Jerome Frank that defended the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) against challenges to its legitimacy. Because of intense opposition from agribusiness in Arkansas, Frank and his left-wing assistants, who included future labor lawyer Lee Pressman, were fired in 1935 in what came to be known as "the purge of liberals".
Hiss was not fired, but allegations that during this period he was connected with radicals on the Agriculture Department's legal team were to be the source of future controversy.
In 1936, Alger Hiss and his younger brother Donald Hiss began working under Cordell Hull in the State Department. Alger was an assistant to Assistant Secretary of State Francis B. Sayre (son-in-law of Woodrow Wilson) and then special assistant to the director of the Office of Far Eastern Affairs.
From 1939 to 1944 Hiss was an assistant to Stanley Hornbeck, a special adviser to Cordell Hull on Far Eastern affairs.
In 1944, Hiss was named Director of the Office of Special Political Affairs, a policy-making entity devoted to planning for post-war international organizations, Hiss served as executive secretary of the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, which drew up plans for the future United Nations.
In November 1944, Hull, who had led the United Nations project, retired as secretary of state due to poor health and was succeeded by Undersecretary of State Edward Stettinius.
In January 1950, Alger Hiss, a high-level State Department official, was convicted of perjury. Hiss was in effect found guilty of espionage; the statute of limitations had run out for that crime, but he was convicted of having perjured himself when he denied that charge in earlier testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Hiss was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department and U.N. official. Hiss was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950.
On August 3, 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist Party member, testified under subpoena before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) that Hiss had secretly been a Communist, though not a spy, while in federal service. Called before HUAC, Hiss categorically denied the charge.
When Chambers repeated his claim on nationwide radio, Hiss filed a defamation lawsuit against him.
During the pretrial discovery process, Chambers produced new evidence indicating that he and Hiss had been involved in espionage, which both men had previously denied under oath to HUAC. A federal grand jury indicted Hiss on two counts of perjury; Chambers admitted to the same offense but, as a cooperating government witness, was never charged.
Although Hiss's indictment stemmed from the alleged espionage, he could not be tried for that crime because the statute of limitations had expired. After a mistrial due to a hung jury, Hiss was tried a second time. In January 1950, he was found guilty on both counts of perjury and received two concurrent five-year sentences, of which he eventually served three and a half years.
Hiss maintained his innocence until his death.
Are those who were involved in the conviction of Hiss really members of a secret society that now is in control of the US government?
America and around the world dual citizens have infiltrated governments and now commit treason on those who live in countries being ruled under fraud. The US from all that is happening today is clearly being divided, by those who have been non Americans and have pledged themselves to another country, and those who consider themselves...true to the country they have chosen to call their homeland!
David Whittaker Chambers, was an American writer and editor. After being a Communist Party USA member and Soviet spy, he later renounced communism and became an outspoken opponent later testifying in the perjury and espionage trial of Alger Hiss. Both are described in his book published in 1952 entitled Witness.
In a letter to J. Edgar Hoover, Chambers wrote that he had numerous homosexual liaisons during the 1930s, starting in 1933.
He said that his frequent traveling gave him an opportunity for 'cruising', especially in New York City and Washington D.C. Chambers carried on his espionage activities from 1932 until 1937 or 1938 even while his faith in Communism was waning. He became increasingly disturbed by Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, which began in 1936.
He was also fearful for his own life, having noted the murder in Switzerland of Ignatz Reiss, a high-ranking Soviet spy who had broken with Stalin, and the disappearance of his friend and fellow spy Juliet Poyntz in the United States.
The August 1939 Hitler-Stalin non-aggression pact drove Chambers to take action against the Soviet Union.
In September 1939, at the urging of anti-Communist, Russian-born journalist Isaac Don Levine, Chambers and Levine met with Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle. Levine had introduced Chambers to Walter Krivitsky, who was already informing American and British authorities about Soviet agents who held posts in both governments. Krivitsky told Chambers it was their duty to inform.
Walter Krivitsky was born in Russia in 1899. He became a Soviet Intelligence officer and in 1923 he was sent to Germany in an attempt to start a communist revolution. Later he moved to Austria where he worked with Ignace Reiss.
In 1933 he was transferred to Holland as director of intelligence with liaison responsibilities for other European countries. According to Krivitsky he was now "Chief of the Soviet Military Intelligence for Western Europe".
Chambers agreed to reveal what he knew on the condition of immunity from prosecution.
Alger Hiss, his brother Donald Hiss, and Laurence Duggan (all respected, mid-level officials in the State Department) and Lauchlin Currie, a special assistant to Franklin Roosevelt. Another person named had worked on a top secret bombsight project at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds.
Berle found Chambers' information tentative, unclear, and uncorroborated. He took the information to the White House, but the President dismissed it, to which Berle made little if any objection. Berle kept his notes, however (later, evidence during Hiss' perjury trials).
Berle notified the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of Chambers's information in March 1940. In February 1941, Krivitsky was found dead in his hotel room.
Issac Don Levine:
Isaac Don Levine, was a Russian-born American journalist and writer. Born in Mozyr, Belarus, Levine came to the United States in 1911. He would return to Russia in the early 1920s to cover the Civil War for The Chicago Daily News.
He would return to Russia in the early 1920s to cover the Civil War for The Chicago Daily News. In the spring of 1939, Levine collaborated with the Soviet intelligence agency defector, Walter Krivitsky, for a series of articles in the Saturday Evening Post, exposing the horrors of Joseph Stalin's regime.
In November of the same year, the series was collected into a book titled In Stalin's Secret Service. (Levine's role in the writing was not revealed at the time.)
In the meantime, Levine arranged a meeting in September 1939 between American Communist Party defector Whittaker Chambers and President Franklin Roosevelt's security chief, Adolf Berle, at which Chambers revealed, with Levine present, a massive spying operation reaching even into the White House that involved, among others, Alger Hiss in the State Department and, according to Levine, Harry Dexter White in the Treasury Department.
Levine edited the anti-communist magazine Plain Talk from 1946 until 1950, but did not join The Freeman, opting for a stint with Radio Free Europe in West Germany instead. Levine also provided testimony to the House Un-American Activities Committee in the case against Alger Hiss.
Who is in control and calling most of the shots for the American people?
Eery time a member of the public, or government steps forward for truth, someone dies, commits suicide, is locked away forever, or gets the smear campaign. One such person who has yet to receive justice is FBI agent Richard Taus. He was locked away forever to prevent his testimony of exposing the Iran Contra scandal, and the drugs that lead all the way back to the Clinton hometown Mena airport.
Do the taxpayers of America pay to move drugs around the world? Ricard Taus can answer that question and expose the highest of the high...how long will they let him live, even if it is in prison? The secrets he knows about government, are bigger than Snowden.
The fact that FBI agent Ricard Taus is still locked away in a federal prison without the possibility of parole, should have every veteran, FBI agent, & CIA agent that may have an ounce of integrity to come forward and not leave their supposed brother to rot in prison to prevent the truth!
No justice...no peace...under a nations held captive and the way of life for its people...destroyed!
Friendship/Love/Respect for all living things...