According to surveys conducted by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, religious sentiment in the United States is becoming more diverse with a larger number than ever dropping any connection to a specific religious tradition.

In such an environment, Christians need to be prepared to engage the culture effectively. To that end I share the the following lists of book recommendations on cultural criticism and apologetics.


Michael Craven

Michael Craven of the Center For Christ and Culture recommends the following books on Culture and Apologetics:


The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations, by Christopher Lasch

Culture Wars: The Struggle To Define America, by James Davison Hunter

Bowling Alone : The Collapse and Revival of American Community, by Robert D. Putnam

Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business, by Neil Postman

On Earth as It Is in Advertising?: Moving from Commercial Hype to Gospel Hope, by Sam Van Eman

Prophetic Untimeliness: A Challenge to the Idol of Relevance, by Os Guinness

The Rape of the Masters: How Political Correctness Sabotages Art, by Roger Kimball

Art And the Bible, by Francis A. Schaeffer

Why America Needs Religion: Secular Modernity and Its Discontents, by Guenter Lewy


Apologetics to the Glory of God: An Introduction, by John H. Frame

Christian Apologetics, by Cornelius Van Til

The Defense of the Faith, by Cornelius Van Til

Tearing Down Strongholds: And Defending the Truth, by R. C. Sproul

Christian Apologetics, by Norman Geisler

Christian Ethics: Options and Issues, by Norman Geisler

The New Evidence That Demands A Verdict Fully Updated To Answer The Questions Challenging Christians Today, by Josh McDowell

Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, by Norman L. Geisler


David Noebel and Chuck Edwards

The following books are recommended in the chapter on “The Theology Of Secular Humanism” in Countering Culture: Arming Yourself to Confront Non-Biblical Worldviews, written by David Noebel and Chuck Edwards.

Answers for Atheists, Agnostics, and Other Thoughtful Skeptics: Dialogs About Christian Faith and Life (Calvin Beisner)

Faith Has Its Reasons: An Integrative Approach to Defending Christianity (Kenneth Boa and Robert Bowman)

Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Norman Geisler)

God–The Evidence: The Reconciliation of Faith and Reason in a Postsecular World (Patrick Glynn)

The Problem of Pain (C.S. Lewis)

Scaling the Secular City (J.P. Moreland)

Does God Exist? (J.P. Moreland and Kai Nielsen)

Why I am not a Christian: And other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects (Bertrand Russell)


Grace Baptist Church

Grace Baptist Church (Cape Coral, Florida), pastored by Tom Ascol, lists on its website the following list of recommended books in the area of “Christianity and Culture”:

Culture Making: Recovering Our Creative Calling by Andy Crouch

unChristian: What a New Generation Really Thinks about Christianity… and Why It Matters by David Kinnaman and Gabe Lyons

They Like Jesus but Not the Church: Insights from Emerging Generations by Dan Kimball

The Unchurched Next Door: Understanding Faith Stages as Keys to Sharing Your Faith by Thom Rainer

Christ and Culture Revisited by D.A. Carson

Jesus Made in America: A Cultural History from the Puritans to the Passion of the Christ by Stephen Nichols

Culture Shift: Engaging Current Issues with Timeless Truth by R. Albert Mohler


James Sire

In his book Why Should Anyone Believe Anything At All, James Sire recommends the following books on The Rationality of Christian Faith:

Orthodoxy, by G. K. Chesterton

Quest for Faith, by C. Stephen Evans

Philosophy of Religion, by C. Stephen Evans

The Best Things in Life, by Peter Kreeft

Handbook of Christian Apologetics, by Peter Kreeft and Ronald Tacelli

Mere Christianity, by C. S. Lewis

Miracles, by C. S. Lewis

Belief in God, by George Mavrodes

Scaling the Secular City, by J. P. Moreland

Making Sense of it All: Pascal and the Meaning of Life, by Thomas V. Morris

Lost in the Cosmos, by Walker Percy

Faith and Rationality: Reason and Belief, by Alvin Plantinga and Nicholas Wolterstorff

The Coherence of Theism, by Richard Swinburne

The Concept of Miracle, by Richard Swinburne

The Existence of God, by Richard Swinburne


Danny Akin

Danny Akin, President of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, has recommended the following books on Christian Apologetics.

Boa, Kenneth D. and Robert M. Bowman, Jr. Faith Has Its Reasons: An Integrative Approach to Defending Christianity. Colorado Springs: NavPress, 2001.

Bush, L. Russ. The Advancement: Keeping the Faith in an Evolutionary Age. Nashville: Broadman, 2003.

________. Classical Readings in Christian Apologetics. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983.

Carson, D. A. The Gagging of God: Christianity Confronts Pluralism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996.

________. How Long, O Lord? Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990.

Colson, Charles, and Nancy Pearcey. How Now Shall We Live? Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House, 1999.

Corduan, Winfried. Reasonable Faith: Basic Christian Apologetics. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1993.

Craig, William Lane. Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics. Wheaton: Crossway, 1994.

Dyrness, William. Christian Apologetics in a World Community. Downers Grove: IVP, 1983.

Geisler, Norman L. Christian Apologetics. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1976.

________. Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999.

Lewis, C.S. Mere Christianity. New York: Macmillan, 1979.

Mayers, Ronald B. Both/And: A Balanced Apologetic. Chicago: Moody, 1984.

Moreland, J. P. Scaling the Secular City. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1987.

Moseley, Allan. Thinking Against the Grain: Developing a Biblical Worldview in a Culture of Myths. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2003.

Schaeffer, Francis. The Complete Works of Francis Schaeffer: A Christian Worldview. New York: Crossway, 1985.

Strobel, Lee. The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1998.

________. The Case for Faith: A Journalist Investigates the Toughest Objections to Christianity. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000.

________. The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

Van Til, Cornelius. The Defense of the Faith. Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R, 1980.


Mark Kelly

In his Facts & Trends article “Unchurched Americans Turned Off By Church, Open To Christians”, Mark Kelly recommends the following books:

The Apologetics Study Bible

When Worldviews Collide, by Ergun Caner

Countering Culture: Arming Yourself to Confront Non-Biblical Worldviews, by Chuck Edwards and David Noebel


Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia)

And, this list comes from Westminster’s recommended reading list for prospective students.

Oliphint, K. Scott. The Battle Belongs to the Lord. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 2003.

Edgar, William. Reasons of the Heart. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1996.

Keller, Timothy. The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism. New York: Dutton, 2008.

Bahnsen, Greg L. Van Til’s Apologetic. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1998.

Machen, J. Gresham. Christianity and Liberalism. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2009.

Poythress, Vern S. Redeeming Science. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2006.

Edgar, William and K. Scott Oliphint. Christian Apologetics: Past and Present. Vol. 1. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2009.

Edgar, William and K. Scott Oliphint. Christian Apologetics: Past and Present. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2011.

Bradley, Anthony. Liberating Black Theology. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2010.

Van Til, Cornelius. The Defense of the Faith. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 2008.

Oliphint, K. Scott, and Lane G. Tipton, (eds.) Revelation and Reason. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 2007.

Oliphint, K. Scott. Reasons for Faith: Philosophy in the Service of Theology. Phillipsburg, N. J.: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 2006.


Kenneth Boa & Larry Moody

In the General Bibliography of I’m Glad You Asked, Kenneth Boa & Larry Moody recommend the following as books that “cover the whole range of topics related to apologetics and evangelism” in a manner less technical than most philosophy of religion books:

Joseph Aldrich, Lifestyle Evangelism

J.N.D. Anderson, Christianity and Comparative Religion

Kenneth Boa, God I Don’t Understand

Kenneth Boa, Cults, World Religions, and You

James Montgomery Boice, Does Inerrancy Matter?

James Mongomery Boice, ed., The Foundation of Biblical Authority

Colin Brown, ed., History, Criticism, & Faith

F.F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable?

Edward John Carnell, The Case for Biblical Christianity

Edward John Carnell, An Introduction to Christian Apologetics

Edward John Carnell, A Philosophy of the Christian Religion

J.V. Langmead Casserly, Apologetics and Evangelism

Colin Chapman, The Case For Christianity

Colin Chapman, Christianity on Trial

Gordon, H. Clark, ed., Can I Trust My Bible

Robert E.D. Clark, Science and Christianity–A Partnership

James F. Coppedge, Evolution: Possible or Impossible?

William Lane Craig, The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe

William Lane Craig, The Son Rises: Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Bolton Davidheiser, Evolution and Christian Faith

David A. DeWitt, Answering the Tough Ones

David Hugh Freeman, A Philosophical Study of Religion

Norman L. Geisler, Apologetics

Norman L. Geisler, ed., Inerrancy

Norman L. Geisler, Philosophy of Religion

Norman L. Geisler an Paul D. Feinberg, Introduction to Philosophy

John Gerstner, Reason for Faith

Jerry H. Gill, The Possibility of Religious Knowledge

Michael Green, Man Alive!

Os Guinness, The Dust of Death

Don J. Gutteridge, Jr., The Defense Rests Its Case

Gary R. Habermas, The Resurrection of Jesus

R. Laird Harris, Inspiration and Canonicity of the Bible

Arthur F. Holmes, Faith Seeks Understanding

Arlie J. Hoover, The Case for Christian Theism

Arlie J. Hoover, Fallacies of Unbelief

Cedric B. Johnson and H. Newton Malony, Christian Conversion: Biblical and Psychological Perspectives

C.S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man

C.S. Lewis, God in the Dock

C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity

C.S. Lewis, Miracles. A Preliminary Study

C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain

Gordon R. Lewis, Judge for Yourself

Gordon R. Lewis, Testing Christianity’s Truth Claims

Paul E. Little, How to Give Away Your Faith

Paul E. Little, Know Why You Believe

Wayne McDill, Making Friends for Christ

Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict

Josh McDowell, More Than A Carpenter

Josh McDowell, The Resurrection Factor

Josh McDowell and Don Stewart, Answers To Tough Questions

Josh McDowell and Don Stewart, Reasons Why Skeptics Ought to Consider Christianity

Alan Loy McGinnis, The Friendship Factor

John Warwick Montgomery, ed., Christianity for the Tough Minded

John Warwick Montgomery, Faith Founded on Fact

John Warwick Montgomery, ed., God’s Inerrant Word

John Warwick Montgomery, History and Christianity

Frank Morrison, Who Moved the Stone?

Henry Morris, Biblical Cosmology and Modern Science

Henry Morris, Many Infallible Proofs

Jon Tal Murphree, A Loving God and A Suffering World

J.I. Packer, God Has Spoken

Jim Peterson, Evangelism As A Lifestyle

Clark Pinnock, Reason Enough

Clark H. Pinnock, Set Forth Your Case

Matthew Prince, Winning Through Caring

Richard L. Purtill, Reason To Believe

Earl Radmacher, ed., Can We Trust the Bible?

Bernard Ramm, A Christian Appeal to Reason

Robert L. Reymond, The Justification of Knowledge

Don Richardson, Eternity In Their Hearts

Francis Schaeffer, Escape From Reason

Francis Schaeffer, The God Who Is There

Francis Schaeffer, He Is There and he Is Not Silent

Francis Schaeffer, How Should We Then Live

Hugh Sylvester, Arguing With God

James Sire, The Universe Next Door

A.E. Wilder Smith, Man’s Origin, Man’s Destiny

R.C. Sproul, If There Is a God, Why Are There Atheists

R.C. Sproul, Objections Answered

Kenneth E. Stevenson and Gary R. Habermas, Verdict on the Shroud

John R.W. Stott, Basic Christianity

Merrill C. Tenney, The Reality of the Resurrection

L. Duane Thurman, How to Think About Evolution

Cornelius Van Til, Apologetics

Cornelius Van Til, Christian-Theistic Evidences

Cornelius Van Til, The Defense of the Faith

John Wenham, The Goodness of God

Rheinallt Nantlais Williams, Faith, Facts, History, Science–and How They Fit Together

Clifford A. Wilson, Rocks, Relics, and Biblical Reliability

Nicholas Wolterstorff, Reason Within the Bounds of Religion

Barry Wood, Questions Non-Christians Ask

Edwin Yamauchi, The Stones and the Scriptures

Philip Yancey, Where is God When It Hurts?


Reformed Theological Seminary

Reformed Theological Seminary publishes a recommended reading list for prospective students. It includes the following titles on contemporary culture and apologetics.

Contemporary Western Culture

Engaging God’s World, Cornelius Plantinga

Christ and Culture, H. Richard Niebuhr

No Place for Truth, David Wells

Culture Wars, James D. Hunter

Resident Aliens, Stanley Hauerwas & William Willimon

A Primer on Postmodernism, Stanlye Grenz

Postmodern Times, Gene Veith

Pop Culture Wars, William Romanowski

Scandal of the Evangelical Mind, Mark Noll

The Struggle for America’s Soul, Robert Wuthnow

The Culture of Interpretation, Roger Lundin

Total Truth, Nancy Pearsey

The Sensate Culture, Harold O.J. Brown


Every Thought Captive, Richard Pratt, Jr.

God in the Dock, C.S. Lewis

Apologetics to the Glory of God, John Frame

Christian Apologetics, Cornelius Van Til

Why I Believe in God, Cornelius Van Til (available online)

The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God, John Frame

Van Til: An Analysis of His Thought, John Frame

Van Til’s Apologetic, Greg Bahnsen

Five Views of Apologetics, ed. Steve Cowan


Criswell College

The following books on Christian Apologetics are recommended in the publication Beginning Your Theological Library published by the Criswell College.


Ronald Nash

Ronald Nash taught a course on Christian Apologetics at Reformed Theological Seminary in Orlando, Florida. He recommended several of his own books for the class.

Faith and Reason, Ronald Nash

Life’s Ultimate Questions, Ronald Nash

The Concept of God, Ronald Nash

Is Jesus the Only Savior?, Ronald Nash

When a Baby Dies, Ronald Nash


What do you think?

What are your thoughts on the books that have been recommended above? What titles would you add to their lists?  Share your suggestions in the comment section below.


More Books of Interest



Apologetics – select quotes

C.S. Lewis – select quotes

Asking Questions of Christianity

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