1028 Alfonso V King of Le=n/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle.

1028 Death of King Alfonso V of Castile, Le=n, and Galicia

1192 Death of Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)

1194 Death of King Casimir II of Poland (b. 1138)

1194 Kazimierz II the Justified, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies.

1210 Birth of King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)

1219 Death of King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)

1260 Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.

1309 Charles II the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies.

1309 Death of King Charles II of Naples

1352 Birth of Rupert in Amberg [Germany], an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.

1382 Battle of Beverhoutsveld – population beats drunken army.

1430 Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany.

1504 Anton of Burgundy the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about age 82.

1525 Death of Friederich III (the Wise), Elector of Saxony in Lochau, Germany, protector of Martin Luther after the imperial ban of 1521, patron of Albrecht Dnrer, and Luchas Cranach the Elder, founder of the University of Wittenberg in 1502.

1546 Birth of Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)

1553 Erasmus Alberus German theologist (Barfnsser M�nche), dies at about age 52.

1557 Birth of Emmanuel-Philibert van Lalaing baron of Montigny/marquis of Renty.

1582 Charlotte de Bourbon Princess of Orange, dies.

1586 Death of Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)

1604 Claudio Merulo Italian organist/composer, dies at age 71.

1604 Death of Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (b. 1533)

1613 Johann Steuerlein composer, dies at age 66.

1635 Birth of Philippe Quinault French playwright (L’amant indiscret).

1640 English Short Parliament unites.

1640 King Charles I of England disbands the Short Parliament.

1646 King Charles I of England and Scotland surrenders to the Scottish Presbyterian Army at Newark.

1646 King Charles I surrenders at Newark, Scotland.

1665 Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow.

1671 Death of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, English politician (b. 1602)

1672 Death of Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)

1678 Anna M van Schurman Dutch poet/spoke ten languages, dies at about age 70.

1680 Birth of Giuseppe Porsile composer.

1702 Jacob Hintze composer, dies at age 79.

1705 Death of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1640)

1705 Leopold I von Hapsburg Emperor of Holy Roman Empire, dies at age 64.

1715 Birth of Daniel Dal Barba composer.

1726 Marie de Camargo (16) premieres at OpTra of Paris France.

1747 Birth of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1792)

1749 Birth of Jean-Frederic Edelmann composer.

1760 Death of Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (hanged) (b. 1720)

1762 Russia and Prussia sign peace treaty.

1762 Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg.

1764 Birth of Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)

1764 Smolny-institution forms in Saint Petersburg for noble girls.

1766 Death of Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)

1780 Second oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts and Sciences) forms (Boston).

1786 Pedro III King of Portugal, dies.

1789 French States-General for Italy first since 1614 together.

1789 In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time in 150 years.

1797 Napoleon I’s sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi.

1800 Birth of Louis Hachette French publisher (Librairie Hachette).

1801 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt Flemish painter/engraver, dies at age 74.

1804 Birth of Jacob Kats Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise).

1808 Death of Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (b. 1757)

1809 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland.

1809 Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread.

1809 The Swiss canton of Aargau denies citizenship to Jews.

1811 Death of Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)

1813 Birth of S�ren Kierkegaard Denmark, philosopher (founded Existentialism).

1814 British attack Fort Ontario, Oswego New York.

1815 Birth of EugFne-Marin Labiche French playwright.

1816 American Bible Society organized (New York).

1817 Birth of George Washington Julian MC (Union), died in 1899.

1818 Birth of Karl Marx, German political philosopher (d. 1883)

1819 Birth of Stanislaw Moniuszko Polish composer.

1821 Death of Napoleon Bonaparte (emperor of France, 1799-1815) on Saint Helena island, at age 52, of stomach cancer or poisoning.

1823 Birth of James Allen Hardie Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1876.

1826 Birth of EugTnie M de Montijo y de Guzman; Empress of France, wife of Napoleon III.

1827 Death of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (b. 1750)

1827 Frederik Augustus I Justified, King of Saxon (1806-27), dies at age 76.

1831 Friedrich Ludwig Seidel composer, dies at age 65.

1832 Birth of H H Bancroft historian, publisher (History of the Pacific States).

1833 Birth of Ferdinand von Richthofen German geographer/explorer.

1834 Birth of Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)

1834 Charles Darwin’s expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz.

1835 Birth of Leopold II Belgian crown prince, baptized.

1835 In Belgium, the first railway in continental Europe opens between Brussels and Mechelen.

1835 King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway.

1837 Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli Italian composer/bandmaster, dies at age 85.

1840 Gottlob Benedikt Bierey composer, dies at age 67.

1840 Matthaus Fischer composer, dies at age 76.

1842 Birth of Johann Nepomuk Fuchs composer.

1842 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany).

1846 Birth of Federico Chueca Madrid Spain, composer (La Gran Via).

1847 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia).

1848 Birth of Adalbert von Goldschmidt composer.

1849 Birth of Hambletonian Chester New York, greatest standardbred horse.

1854 Birth of Antonio Smareglia composer.

1854 English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast.

1855 Death of Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (b. 1786)

1855 New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration.

1859 Death of Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (b. 1805)

1859 Peter G L Dirichlet German mathematician, dies at age 53.

1861 Confederate troops abandon Alexandria, Virginia.

1862 Birth of Max Elskamp Belgian author/poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya).

1862 Cinco de Mayo in Mexico: Troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a French invasion in the Battle of Puebla.

1862 French army intervenes in Puebla MTxico: Cinco de Mayo.

1862 Peninsular Campaign – Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia.

1863 Battle of Tupelo, Mississippi.

1863 Birth of Frederik A Stoett linguist (Dutch Proverbs).

1863 Joe Coburn knocks out Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round.

1864 Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at age 44.

1864 American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

1864 Atlanta Campaign – Five days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge.

1864 Battle between Confederate and Union ships at mouth of Roanoke.

1864 Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern).

1864 Empress Maria Teresia of Austria-Hungary establishes the Order of Saint Stephen.

1864 John Marshall Jones, Confederate Brigadier-General, dies in battle at age 43.

1864 Leroy A Stafford, US Confederate Brigadier-General, dies in battle at age 42.

1865 Birth of Felicjan Szopski composer.

1865 First US train robbery (North Bend Ohio).

1865 In North Bend, Ohio (a suburb of Cincinnati), the first train robbery in the United States takes place.

1866 Birth of Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)

1867 Battle of Pueblo; Mexicans defeat Maximilian’s forces (Cinco de Mayo).

1867 Birth of Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman] journalist.

1869 Birth of Hans Erich Pfitzner Moscow Russia, composer (Krakquer Begrns).

1874 Dutch second Chamber passes child labor law.

1875 Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer Dutch Member of Parliament (1848-75), dies at age 71.

1877 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

1879 Birth of Symon Petlyura leader Ukraine (pogroms).

1881 Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine.

1883 Birth of Charles Bender only American Indian in baseball’s Hall of Fame.

1884 Birth of Wang Tjing-Wei premier China (1932-35).

1885 Birth of Henri Velge first chairman (Belgian Council of State).

1885 Lauro Rossi composer, dies at age 73.

1886 Birth of Manuel Borguno composer.

1886 Joseph Albert German photographer (Albertotype), dies at age 61.

1887 Birth of Lord Geoffrey Fisher of Lambeth archbishop of Canterbury.

1889 Birth of Herbie Taylor cricket player (prolific South African pre- and post-WWI).

1890 Birth of Christopher Morley author (Kitty Foil).

1891 Carnegie Hall opens in New York City with Tchaikovsky as guest conductor.

1891 The Music Hall in New York (now known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor.

1892 Jan Nepomuk Skroup composer, dies at age 80.

1893 Panic of 1893: Crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression.

1893 Panic of 1893: Great crash on New York Stock Exchange.

1894 Birth of Kit Guard Denmark; actor (El Diablo Rides, Kid Courageous).

1899 Birth of Freeman Gosden Richmond Virginia, radio actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy).

1900 Birth of Charles Jewtraw US, 500 metre speed skater (Olympics-gold-1924).

1900 Death of Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)

1900 “The Billboard” begins weekly publication.

1901 Birth of Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959)

1902 Bret Harte writer, dies at age 65.

1903 Birth of James Beard US, culinary expert/author (Delights and Prejudices).

1904 Birth of Sir Gordon Richards British jockey (winner of 4,870 races).

1904 Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Philadelphia Athletics (3-0).

1904 Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans threw the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.

1905 Birth of Arnold Meijer Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National/Black Front.

1905 Robert S Abbott published first issue of newspaper “Chicago Defender”.

1906 Birth of Ursula Jeans Simla India, actress (I Lived With You, Over the Moon).

1907 Birth of Benny Baker Saint Joseph Missouri; actor (18 Again, Sting II, Thunderbirds).

1908 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2.

1908 Birth of Jacques Massu French general (Algeria).

1908 Great White Fleet arrives in San Francisco.

1909 Birth of Mikl=s Radn=ti writer.

1909 Pauline Staegeman German feminist, dies.

1910 Birth of William I Martin US pilot/Vice-Admiral (WWII).

1911 Birth of Giles Grangier film director.

1912 Birth of Alice Faye [Ann Jeanne Leppert] New York City, New York, actress (Barricade, State Fair).

1912 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing.

1912 (to July 22) The Games of the V Olympiad are held in Stockholm, Sweden.

1914 Birth of Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958)

1915 Birth of Richard H Rovere Jersey City, journalist (Goldwater Caper).

1915 German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom.

1916 American marines invade the Dominican Republic.

1916 Birth of Mutal’ Burkhanov composer.

1916 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924.

1917 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4.

1917 Birth of Ron Saggers cricket wicket-keeper (effective New South Wales and Aussie late 1940s).

1917 Saint Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0.

1918 Birth of Erbie Bowser pianist.

1919 Birth of George London MontrTal Canada, bass-baritone (Monterone-Rigoleto).

1920 Birth of John Hidalgo Moya architect/designer (Skylon).

1920 German-Latvian peace treaty signed.

1920 Polish troops occupy Kiev.

1920 US President Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal.

1921 Alfred H Fried Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel Prize 1911), dies.

1921 Birth of Sonja Oosterman Dutch singer (Marketensters).

1921 Death of Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1864)

1921 First ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired.

1921 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm).

1922 Birth of Jay D Miller record producer.

1922 Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx).

1923 Birth of Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)

1924 Birth of Theo Olof; German/Netherlands violinist/prodigy/concert master.

1925 Afrikaans established as an official language in South Africa.

1925 John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee.

1925 New York Yankees’ player Everett Scott is benched, ending his 1,307-game playing streak.

1925 Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is served an arrest warrant for teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.

1926 Birth of Ann B. Davis, American actress

1927 Birth of Charles Rosen in New York City, New York, USA; pianist/musicologist (Sonata Forms).

1927 Charles Boissevain, editor in chief (General Trade 1885-1908), dies.

1930 Birth of Michael James Adams; US Air Force pilot (X-15).

1930 Donald Bradman scores 185 in cricket for Australia versus Leicestershire, 317 minutes, 16 fours.

1931 Ismet In�nn forms new (7th) government in Turkey.

1932 Japan and China sign a peace treaty.

1934 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04.

1934 The 1932 non-aggression pact betwen the Soviet Union and Poland is extended to the end of 1945.

1935 Birth of Douglas Marland, American television writer (d. 1993)

1935 Jessie Owens of the US sets long jump record at 26 feet 8.25 inches.

1936 Birth of Patrick Gowers, British composer

1936 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip.

1936 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa.

1936 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

1938 Birth of Johnnie Taylor; US gospel singer (“I Believe in You”).

1938 Philadelphia Phillies’ Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th inning, as Chicago Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are National League records off one pitcher in a single inning.

1939 Birth of James R Jones; American politician (Representative-Democrat-Oklahoma, 1973-).

1939 Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky, USA.

1940 Norwegian Government in exile forms in London, England.

1940 World War II: In London, a Norwegian government-in-exile is formed.

1941 Birth of Aleksandr Ragulin in USSR; ice hockey player (Olympics-gold-1964, 1968, 1972).

1941 Death of Natalija Obrenovi?, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)

1941 Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; this date has been since commemorated as Liberation Day.

1941 Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to reclaim his throne.

1941 Two Fokker airplane employees flee German-occupied Netherlands to England.

1942 Birth of Tammy Wynette in Redbay, Alabama, USA; country singer (“Stand by your Man”).

1942 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar.

1942 US begins rationing sugar.

1943 Birth of Raphael, Spanish singer

1943 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System.

1944 Birth of Roger Rees, Welsh actor

1944 Gandhi freed from prison.

1944 Mohandas Gandhi is freed from prison.

1944 Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim.

1945 (1430 hours) German Army Group G of 200-400,000 men surrenders to General Jacob Devers and the US 6th Army Group. Lieutenant General Foertsch signs for Germany. The official cease-fire and surrender is to take effect at noon May 6.

1945 Birth of Jiri Svoboda; composer (Accumulator 1).

1945 Denmark liberated from German control.

1945 In Wageningen, Netherlands, German General Johannes Blaskowitz surrenders the troops of the 25th German Army in Netherlands to Lieutenant-General Charles Foulkes, commander of 1st Canadian Corps.

1945 Mauthausen Concentration camp is liberated.

1945 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated.

1945 Uprising against German SS-occupying troops in Prague, Czechoslovakia.

1945 World War II: German troops in the Netherlands and Denmark capitulate to Canadian and British forces, liberating these countries from Nazi occupation.

1947 Death of Ty LaForest, Canadian baseball player (b. 1917)

1947 Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 and causes $850 million in damage.

1948 Belgian Government of Spaak resigns.

1948 Birth of Bill Ward in Birmingham, England; heavy metal drummer (Black Sabbath).

1948 PFC CSKA Sofia football club is established.

1949 Detroit Tigers’ second baseman Charlie Gehringer selected to Hall of Fame.

1949 In London, England, the Statute of the Council of Europe is signed by representatives of ten countries. The Council is set up to create greater unity in Europe.

1949 The Council of Europe is formed.

1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned as King Rama IX of Thailand.

1950 Birth of Maggie MacNeal; Dutch singer (“Mouth and MacNeal”, “I See a Star”).

1950 Phumiphon Abundet crowned as King Rama IX of Thailand.

1951 77th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Count Turf wins in 2:02.6.

1951 Birth of Rex Goh; rock guitarist (Air Supply).

1951 Eddie Dunn, comedian (Face to Face, Spin the Picture), dies at age 54.

1952 Birth of Louis Cortelezzi; rock saxophonist (Mink DeVille).

1952 Ron Necciai of Pittsburgh Pirates’ Bristol Twins Class D farm team, strikes out 27, as he no-hits the Welch Minors, four Minors do reach base.

1953 Birth of Billy Burnette in Memphis, Tennessee, USA; rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac).

1953 City of Chemnitz, East Germany, changed to Karl-Marx-Stadt in honor of the 135th birthday of Karl Marx.

1954 A coup d’Ttat carries General Alfredo Stroessner to power in Paraguay.

1954 Birth of Angelo Kimball in Boston, Massachusetts, USA; rock guitarist (Face To Face).

1954 Military coup by General Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay.

1955 Birth of Robert Feld in Nashville, Tennessee, USA; National Scrabble Champion (1990).

1955 India’s parliament accepts hindu-divorce.

1955 The Allied occupation of West Germany ends. The Federal Republic of Germany becomes an independent sovereign state with the ratification of Paris agreements in Bonn, Germany.

1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site.

1955 West Germany gains full sovereignty.

1956 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4.

1956 Birth of Dick Kemper in Amsterdam, Netherlands; rock vocalist/bassist (Vandenberg).

1956 Charles R Gallas, lexicographer (French Dictionary), dies at age 88.

1956 Jim Bailey (US) runs the mile record 3:58.6 in Los Angeles, California.

1956 World championships of judo are first held, in Tokyo, Japan.

1957 Adolf SchSrf elected President of Austria.

1957 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open.

1957 Birth of Thereza Bazaar; rocker (Dollar – “Love’s Gotta Hold on Me”).

1958 Birth of Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.

1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1959 Birth of Ian McCullough; rocker (Echo and The Bunnymen – “Heaven Up Here”).

1959 Death of Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878)

1961 Birth of Hiro Hase; wrestler (NJPW).

1961 Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 3 ? Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into space, making a sub-orbital flight of 15 minutes.

1962 88th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Decidedly wins in 2:00.4.

1962 Death of Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (b. 1889)

1962 Ernest Tyldesley, cricket player (990 runs in 14 Tests for England), dies.

1962 Los Angeles Angels’ Bo Belinsky no-hits Baltimore Orioles, 2-0.

1963 Birth of James LaBrie, Canadian singer (Dream Theater)

1963 Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (Stijl), dies at age 73.

1963 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open.

1964 Birth of Heike Henkel in German Federal Republic; world record indoor high jumper (1992).

1964 Separatists riot in QuTbec, Canada.

1965 First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam.

1966 Birth of Mike Stapleton in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada; NHL center (Winnipeg Jets).

1966 Borussia Dortmund wins 6th Europe Cup II.

1966 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2.

1966 Willie Mays hit his 512th homerun.

1967 Birth of Brad Baxter; NFL fullback (New York Jets).

1968 Birth of Craig Hendrickson; Canadian Football League tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers).

1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational.

1969 23rd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 3.

1969 Birth of Bryan Ivie in Torrance, California, USA; volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-bronze-1992, 1996).

1970 Birth of Harold Nash; Canadian Football League halfback (Montreal Alouettes).

1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site.

1971 Birth of Harold Miner; NBA guard (Cleveland Cavaliers).

1971 Death of Violet Jessop, Titanic survivor (b. 1887)

1971 Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia.

1971 Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (New York City).

1972 Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo, Sicily, killing 115.

1972 Birth of Barrett Brooks; NFL tackle (Philadelphia Eagles).

1972 Reverend Gary David, vocalist, dies at age 76.

1973 99th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:59.4.

1973 Birth of Johan Hedberg in Nacka, Sweden; hockey goalie (Team Sweden, Olympics-1998).

1974 Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic.

1975 Birth of Christine Buschur in Eagle River Alaska; Miss America-Alaska (1997).

1975 Oakland Athletics release pinch runner Herb Washington (played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding – He stole 30 bases, and scored 33 runs).

1976 Anderlecht wins 16th soccer Europe Cup II.

1976 Birth of Juan Pablo Sorfn, Argentine footballer

1976 Train collision at Schiedam, Netherlands, kills 24.

1977 Birth of Tiffany Roberts in Petaluma, California; soccer midfielder (Olympics-1996).

1977 Death of Ludwig Erhard at age 80 in Fnrth, Germany; the “Father of the Economic Miracle”, minister of Economic Affairs (1949), chancellor of West Germany (1963).

1978 Alfred H H Gilligan, cricket player (4 Tests for England), dies.

1978 Cincinnati Reds’ Pete Rose becomes the 14th player to get 3,000 hits.

1978 Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds hits his 3000th major league hit.

1979 105th Kentucky Derby: Ron Franklin on Spectacular Bid wins in 2:02.4.

1979 Birth of Vincent Kartheiser, American actor

1979 Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting.

1979 Voyager 1 passes Jupiter.

1980 Birth of Maia Hirasawa; Swedish pop singer.

1980 Edmond Vandercammen, Belgian writer/poet (Grand Combat), dies at age 79.

1980 Operation Nimrod: The Special Air Service storm the Iranian embassy in London after a six day siege.

1980 Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends; British commandos and police stormed the building.

1981 16th and final Mayor’s Trophy Game, New York Mets beat New York Yankees 4-1, hold 8-7-1 edge.

1981 Birth of Craig David; British singer.

1981 Bobby Sands, Irish Republican Army activist, dies in his 66th day of hunger strike (born 1954).

1981 Death of Bobby Sands, Irish activist (b. 1954)

1982 A Unabomber bomb explodes in the computer science department at Vanderbilt University; secretary Janet Smith is injured.

1982 Birth of Jay Bothroyd, English footballer

1982 Stanley Cup: New York Islanders beat Vancouver Canucks, 4 games to 0.

1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1984 110th Kentucky Derby: Laffit Pincay Jr aboard Swale wins in 2:02.4.

1984 Birth of Wade MacNeil, Canadian guitarist.

1984 The Herreys win the Eurovision Song Contest 1984 for Sweden, with the song “Diggi-Loo, Diggi-Ley”.

1985 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Moss Creek Women’s Golf Invitational.

1985 Death of Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (born 1901).

1986 Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum announced to be built in Cleveland, Ohio.

1986 In Turkey, a magnitude 5.9 earthquake occurs. Fifteen people killed, 100 injured and approximately 4,000 houses damaged.

1987 Birth of Ian Michael Smith; American actor.

1987 Disneyland debuts “Disney Dollars”. Mickey Mouse and Sleeping Beauty’s Castle are on the $1 bill, Goofy and the Mark Twain Riverboat are on the $5 bill.

1987 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.

1987 Iran-Contra affair: Start of Congressional televised hearings.

1987 The Assemblies of God defrocks PTL’s Jim Bakker.

1987 US Congress begins Iran-Contra hearings.

1988 Birth of Skye Sweetnam, Canadian singer.

1988 Death of Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)

1988 Tamara Pos, Suriname/Dutch activist, dies.

1989 Birth of Chris Brown, American singer.

1989 Frank Easton, cricket wicketkeeper (New South Wales 1933-39), dies.

1990 116th Kentucky Derby: Craig Perret aboard Unbridled wins in 2:02.

1990 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Chris Warren.

1990 Paul Hogan (The Crocodile Hunter) and Linda Koslowski wed in Byron Bay, Eastern Australia.

1990 The 35th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Zagreb, Yugoslavia.

1991 A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, DC after a Salvadoran man is shot by police.

1991 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic.

1992 Alabama ratifies a 202-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a midterm or retroactive pay raise.

1992 Death of Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer (b.1927)

1992 Russian leaders in Crimea declare their separation from Ukraine as a new republic.

1992 Stefano d’Arrigo, Sicilian writer, dies at age 72.

1992 Wolfenstein 3D is released, the first-ever first-person shooter computer game.

1993 Balak Brahmachari [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at age 73.

1993 Lenore Kingston Jenson dies of cancer at age 79.

1994 American Michael P. Fay is caned in Singapore as punishment for spray-painting two cars.

1994 Labour beats Conservatives in British local elections.

1994 North-Yemen air force bombs Aden, South Yemen.

1995 Anthony Wagner, genealogist, dies at age 86.

1995 Bernard Benjamin Gillis, judge, dies at age 89.

1995 Death of Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player (b. 1911)

1995 Esther Waterhouse, doctor/methodist, dies at age 86.

1995 James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at age 81.

1995 Last basketball game at Boston Gardens (Orlando Magic beats Boston Celtics).

1995 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer, dies at age 75.

1995 Mikhail Moseyevich Botvinnik, Russian world chess champion, dies (born 1911).

1995 Thomas Eden Binkley, musician, dies at age 63.

1996 Ai Qing, poet, dies at age 86.

1996 Beryl Burton, cyclist, dies at age 58.

1996 Death of Salli Terri, Canadian mezzo-soprano (born 1922).

1996 In Germany, voters turn down a proposed merger of Berlin and Brandenburg.

1996 Karrie Webb wins LPGA Sprint Titleholders Golf Championship.

1996 Renette Cruz, Vancouver, British Columbia, wins Miss Canadian Universe.

1997 Death of Walter Gotell, German actor (born 1924).

1997 Iridium-1 Delta 2 Launch, successful.

2001 Death of Clifton Hillegass, American author and creator of Cliff Notes (born 1918).

2002 Death of Hugo B�nzer Suarez, President of Bolivia (born 1926).

2002 In the second round of the French presidential election, Jacques Chirac is re-elected.

2003 Death of Walter Sisulu, South African activist (b. 1912)

2004 After pitching his 4136th strikeout, Roger Clemens moves ahead of Steve Carlton into second place on the career strikeouts list.

2004 Mike Piazza of the New York Mets hits his 352nd home run, passing Carlton Fisk for most home runs hit by a catcher.

2005 The United Kingdom general election takes place, in which Tony Blair’s Labour Party are re-elected for a third, consecutive term.

2005 United Kingdom general election: the Labour Party is re-elected with a substantially-reduced majority.

2006 Death of Naushad Ali, Indian composer (b. 1919)

2006 Fiat chairman Sergio Marchionne announces that the Alfa Romeo automobile brand will return to the United States in 2008, after a 13-year hiatus.

2006 NASA astronomers announce the discovery of a storm system in the Jovian atmosphere, dubbed the Red Spot Junior.

2006 Porter Goss announces his resignation as CIA director.

2006 The government of Sudan signed an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA).

2007 Death of Theodore Maiman, American physicist (born 1927).

2007 Kenya Airways Flight KQ 507 crashes in Cameroon.

2008 Crude oil prices for June delivery in the US hit a record US$120.36 per barrel.

2009 Masked attackers wielding automatic rifles and grenades raid a wedding party in south-eastern Turkey, killing 44 people.

2010 Death of Nigerian President Umaru Yar’Adua, age 58 after a long battle with kidney and heart ailments.

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