1111 Death of Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch

1191 Saladin [Salah ad-Din]) Yusuf sultan of Egypt/Syria, dies at age 52.

1239 Death of Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)

1409 Austrian civil war ends.

1431 Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV.

1431 Eugene IV becomes Pope.

1455 Birth of King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)

1459 Ausias March Catalan poet, dies.

1459 Death of Ausias March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)

1500 Birth of Reginald Pole English Cardinal/”heretic”.

1520 Birth of Matthias Flacius, Croatian protestant reformer (d. 1575)

1549 Birth of Henric Spieghel Dutch Renaissance poet (Hertspiegel).

1554 Death of John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)

1554 Johan Frederik de Greatmoedige ruler of Saxon (1532-47), dies at age 50.

1580 Jacob Hillebrand Dutch mayor of Groningen, dies.

1583 Birth of Edward Herbert of Cherbury English military/philosopher.

1585 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza

1589 Birth of Gisbertus Voetius [Gijsbert Voet], Dutch reformed theologist.

1606 Birth of Edmund Waller England, poet (Penshust).

1627 Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil.

1634 First tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole).

1635 Philips de l’Espinoy historian/mayor of Ghent, dies.

1638 Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden.

1639 The early settlement of Taunton, Massachusetts is incorporated as a town.

1652 Birth of Thomas Otway England, dramatist/poet (Venice Preserved).

1703 Death of Robert Hooke, English scientist (b. 1635)

1703 Robert Hooke scientific genius, dies in London.

1705 Birth of Michael Schevenstuhl composer.

1706 Death of Johann Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1653)

1706 Johann Pachelbel organist/composer (Sterbens-Gedancken), dies at age 52.

1707 Aurangzeb Emperor of India (1658-1707), dies at age 88.

1707 Death of Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1618)

1717 Death of Pierre Allix, French protestant pastor (b. 1641)

1717 Pierre Allix French/British theologist/vicar, dies at about age 75.

1744 Death of Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist

1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness.

1747 Birth of Kasamir Pulaski US General (Revolutionary War).

1756 Birth of William Godwin philosopher/political writer (Caleb Williams).

1765 Death of William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)

1766 Gregor Joseph Werner composer, dies at age 73.

1768 Death of Nicola Porpora, Italian composer (b. 1686)

1768 Nicola Antonio Porpora composer, dies at age 81.

1776 The Continental Marines land at New Providence in the Bahamas.

1791 First Internal Revenue Act (taxing distilled spirits and carriages).

1791 The United States Mint is created by the U.S. Congress.

1791 US Congress establishes US Mint.

1792 Death of Robert Adam, Scottish architect (b. 1728)

1792 Robert Adam Scottish architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at age 63.

1793 Birth of Charles Sealsfield writer (The Making of America).

1794 First performance of Joseph Haydn’s 101st Symphony in D.

1794 Richard Allen founded AME Church.

1800 Birth of Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)

1800 Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi composer, dies at age 64.

1801 First US Jewish Governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia.

1803 First impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins.

1805 Birth of Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation, (d. 1861)

1805 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms.

1809 Birth of Sophia Hawthorne writer.

1811 Birth of Vissarion Belinsky Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review).

1812 US Congress passes first foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims).

1813 Office of Surgeon General of the US army is established.

1813 Prince Karl Johan of Sween concludes an alliance with England. England cedes Guadeloupe island in West Indies to Sweden, and agrees to Sweden’s demands on Norway.

1814 Birth of Charles Kensington Salaman composer.

1815 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners and demanding tribute.

1817 Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi.

1820 Birth of Eduard Douwes Dekker [Multatuli], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar).

1820 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri.

1820 The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.

1822 Franz Adam Veichtner composer, dies at age 81.

1823 Birth of Guyla Andr�ssy Sr premier of Hungary (1867-71).

1824 Giovanni Battista Viotti Italian violist/composer, dies at age 70.

1828 Birth of Karl Collan composer.

1831 Birth of George M Pullman inventor (railway sleeping car).

1833 According to Akilattirattu Ammanai Ayya Vaikundar arises from the sea as avatar of Narayana at Thiruchendur.

1835 US Congress establishes Branch Mints at Charlotte, North Carolina; Dahlonega, Georgia; and New Orleans, Louisiana, and establishes practice of using Mint marks on US coinage.

1837 US Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9.

1837 US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas.

1838 Birth of George W Hill US astronomer (Moon orbit).

1838 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada.

1839 Birth of Jamshedji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)

1841 Birth of John Murray Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean).

1842 First performance of Felix Mendelssohn’s third “Scottish” Symphony.

1842 First US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Massachusetts).

1843 US Congress appropriates $30,000 “to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs” by the US.

1845 Birth of Georg Cantor German mathematician (discovers transfinite numbers).

1845 First US law overriding a Presidential veto (John Tyler’s).

1845 Florida becomes 27th state of the USA.

1845 Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.

1845 For the first time the U.S. Congress passes legislation overriding a presidential veto.

1845 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery.

1846 Birth of Desiderio Pietri Italian baker/marathon runner Dorando’s father.

1847 Birth of Alexander Graham Bell Edinburgh Scotland, inventor (telephone).

1847 Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps.

1848 Heinrich Olivier German painter, dies.

1849 Birth of Jacques Oppenheim Dutch lawyer.

1849 Minnesota Territory organizes as a political division of the United States.

1849 Territory of Minnesota is organized.

1849 The United States Department of the Interior is established.

1849 The U.S. Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.

1850 Death of Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)

1851 US Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3-cent piece).

1853 Birth of Vincent Van Gogh Dutch painter.

1853 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized byUS Congress.

1853 US Assay Office in New York City, New York authorized.

1855 Registration of letters authorized byUS Congress.

1855 US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use.

1857 Birth of Alfred Bruneau composer.

1857 France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.

1858 J=zsef Bajza Hungarian author/poet/critic, dies at age 54.

1860 Birth of Monte Ward, Baseball player (d. 1925)

1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.

1861 the Emancipation Manifesto is signed and published in Russia, freeing serfs.

1862 General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid, Missouri.

1863 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences.

1863 Birth of Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)

1863 Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister, Georgia.

1863 First US wartime military conscription bill enacted.

1863 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired.

1863 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress.

1863 Idaho Territory forms.

1863 Idaho Territory organizes as a political division of the United States.

1863 US Congress authorizes another US$200 million in United States Notes.

1864 Ulric Dahlgren Union Colonel, dies in battle at age 21.

1865 Birth of Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler composer.

1865 Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands established to help destitute free blacks.

1865 Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.

1865 The U.S. Congress authorizes formation of the Freedmen’s Bureau.

1867 Birth of Gustav Strube composer.

1868 Birth of Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer.

1869 Birth of Henry J Wood English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms).

1869 University of South Carolina opens to all races.

1871 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent.

1871 US Congress establishes the civil service system.

1872 Birth of Wee Willie Keeler outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897.

1873 Birth of William Green president of American Federation of Labor (1924-52).

1873 Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.

1873 US Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively.

1873 US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps.

1875 First recorded hockey game (MontrTal).

1875 Georges Bizet’s opera “Carmen” premieres (Paris France).

1875 The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, as recorded in The Montreal Gazette.

1875 US Congress authorizes 20-cent coin, lasts only three years.

1877 Birth of Garrett Morgan African-American inventor.

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes is privately inaugurated as the 19th President of the United States (his public inauguration coming on March 5).

1877 Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th President.

1878 Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire.

1878 Treaty of San Stefano is signed, the beginning of Bulgaria’s liberation from the Ottoman Empire.

1879 First female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood).

1879 In Washington, D.C., the United States Geological Survey is established, in the Department of the Interior, with responsibilities: “classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain”.

1879 The United States Geological Survey is created.

1880 Birth of Anne C Veth Dutch cartoonist/art critic.

1882 Birth of Floris H L Prims Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp.

1882 New York Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings.

1883 US Congress authorizes the first steel vessels in US navy.

1885 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates.

1885 First US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission.

1885 The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York State.

1885 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government).

1885 US Post Office offers special delivery for first-class mail.

1886 Birth of James Friskin composer.

1887 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton IA.

1887 Anne Sullivan begins teaching six-year-old blind-deaf Helen Keller.

1889 Birth of Fritz Behrend composer.

1889 Edward Sydney Smith composer, dies at age 49.

1890 Birth of Norman Bethune Canada, Doctor in Spain and China.

1891 Birth of Federico Moreno Torroba composer.

1891 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season

1891 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Department).

1891 US Congress creates US Courts of Appeal.

1892 Birth of Rui Coelho composer.

1892 First cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova Pennsylvania.

1893 Birth of Beatrice Wood potter/artist/author.

1893 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized.

1893 US Congress authorizes first federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture.

1894 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns.

1894 First Greek-language publication in US begins, “New York Atlantis”.

1895 Birth of Alexander Nicholas Voormolen Dutch composer.

1897 Birth of Jose Moreno Gans composer.

1899 Birth of Alfred M Gruenther US, commanding general (NATO, 1953-56).

1899 George Dewey becomes first in US with rank of Admiral of the Navy.

1899 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar.

1900 Birth of Edna Best Hove England, actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo).

1900 US Steel Corporation organizes.

1901 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce.

1902 Birth of Ruby Dandridge Memphis Tennessee, actress (Father of the Bride).

1902 Isaac D France van de Putte Dutch premier (1866), dies at age 79.

1903 Birth of Gilbert Adrian [Greenberg], Naugatuck Connecticut, costume designer.

1903 North Carolina becomes first state requiring registration of nurses.

1904 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.

1905 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).

1905 US Forest Service forms.

1906 Birth of Artur Lundkvist Swedish writer/Swedish Academy (Agadir).

1906 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France.

1907 Birth of Aar van de Werfhorst [Pieter G Jansen], Dutch writer.

1908 Birth of Riccardo Nielsen composer.

1909 Birth of Harry Hemsley billionaire New York landlord.

1909 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat MontrTal Wanderers, 8-3.

1910 Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he could devote full time to being a philanthropist.

1911 Birth of Francesco Siciliani opera composer.

1911 First US federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opens, Missouri.

1912 Birth of Joe Stydahar NFL tackle (Chicago Bears).

1913 Birth of Margaret Bonds US pianist/composer/arranger.

1913 Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria – Ticha, now known as PFC “Cherno More”.

1913 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC.

1914 Birth of Martin Ritt actor/director (Slugger’s Wife, End of the Game).

1915 Birth of George Brian Snape businessman/rugby league entrepreneur.

1915 NACA, the predecessor of NASA founded.

1915 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created.

1917 Birth of Bert van Aerschot Flemish writer (Elevator, Women).

1917 Great monarch Michael resigns after one day as czar.

1917 Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates.

1917 US Congress passes first excess profits tax on corporations.

1918 Birth of Arnold Newman photographer (Faces USA).

1918 Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia’s involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

1918 Richard G�ring’s “Seeschlacht” premieres in Berlin.

1918 Russia withdraws from WWI, signs Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria.

1919 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike.

1919 First international air mail service from US, Seattle WA-Victoria British Columbia, Canada.

1920 Birth of James Doohan Vancouver British Columbia; actor (Montgomery Scott-Star Trek).

1920 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating QuTbec Bulldogs.

1921 Birth of Allen Ginsberg beat generation poet (1969 Arts and Letters Award).

1921 Petrus Cuypers architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at age 93.

1922 Birth of Kazimierz Serocki composer.

1922 Italian fascists occupy Fiume and Rijeka.

1923 Birth of Barney Martin, American actor

1923 TIME magazine is published for the first time.

1923 US Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague.

1924 German and Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed.

1924 The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of President Kemal Atatürk.

1925 Birth of Enzo Stuarti in Italy; singer (“Yesterday”).

1926 Birth of Lys Assia, Swiss singer

1926 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Florida).

1927 Birth of Charles O Whitley; American politician (Representative-Democrat-North Carolina, 1977-).

1927 Death of Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)

1928 Birth of Dave Dudley; singer (“Six Days on the Road”).

1930 Birth of Heiner Gei�ler, German politician

1931 Birth of Henk Knol; Dutch second chamber member (PvdA).

1931 The United States officially adopts “The Star-Spangled Banner” as its national anthem.

1931 US President Herbert Hoover signs a resolution of Congress officially designating the “Star-Spangled Banner” as the National Anthem of the United States.

1932 Death of Eugen d’Albert, German composer (b. 1864)

1933 Birth of Marco Antonio Mu�iz in Mexico; Spanish singer (“Murmullos”).

1933 German Presidential candidate Earnest ThSlmann (KPD) arrested.

1933 Mount Rushmore is dedicated.

1933 Mount Rushmore National Memorial is dedicated.

1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol.

1935 Birth of Zhelyu Zhelev; president of Bulgaria (1990-).

1935 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker’s party (RSAP), forms.

1935 Neville Knox, cricket player (bowled in two Tests for England 1907), dies.

1936 Birth of Jim Clark; Formula One racer (1963 Champion).

1936 Clarrie Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wickets in 5th Test versus South Africa.

1937 Australia snatches cricket series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down.

1937 Birth of Bobby Driscoll, American actor (d. 1968)

1937 Death of Amelia Earhart, American pilot (disappeared) (b. 1897)

1938 American Bowling Congress’ largest tournament (24,765 competitors).

1938 Birth of Lew De Witt; singer (Statler Brothers – “Flowers on the Wall”).

1938 Glenn Cunningham breaks the world record for the indoor mile run by completing the distance in 4 minutes, 4.4 seconds.

1938 Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.

1939 Birth of Hans Pieter Verhagen; poet (Hoepla/Holland’s Hole).

1939 In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.

1940 Birth of Germ�n Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist

1940 Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.

1941 Constant W L Scheurleer, archaeologist/banker/art expert, dies at age 59.

1941 Ernst Cahn, owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, is executed.

1942 Amedeo Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at age 43.

1942 Birth of Mike Pender in Liverpool, England, vocalist/guitarist (Searchers – “Needles and Pins”).

1942 First combat flight for Canada’s Avro Lancaster military plane.

1942 World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia killing more than 100 people.

1943 Bomb-fleeing crowd falls into London shelter in England; 173 die.

1943 Death of George Thompson, English cricketer (b. 1877)

1943 George Thomson, cricket player (all-rounder-6 Tests for England 1909-10), dies.

1943 World War II: In London, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.

1944 Birth of Janice Garfat; rocker (Dr Hook).

1944 The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov were instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.

1945 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at age 61.

1945 Birth of Farooq Hamid; cricket player (1-107 in Test, Pakistan versus Australia 1964).

1945 Koos Speenhoff, Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at age 75.

1945 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511.

1945 Roermond/Venlo Netherlands freed.

1945 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall.

1945 US and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor.

1945 U.S. forces gain control of all three airfields on Iwo Jima.

1945 World War II: Previously neutral Finland declares war on the Axis powers.

1946 Birth of James C Adamson in Warsaw, New York, USA; Lieutenant Colonel USA/astronaut (STS 28, STS 43).

1946 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Gretchen Merrill.

1946 US Men’s Figure Skating Championship won by Richard Button.

1947 Birth of Dave Mount in Carshalton, Surrey, England; rocker (Mud).

1948 Birth of Reed Hundt; US Federal Communications Commission chairman.

1949 Birth of Bonnie J Dunbar in Sunnyside, Washington, USA; PhD/astronaut (STS 61-A, 32, 50, 71, 89).

1949 The Tucker Automobile Corporation folds.

1950 Birth of Re Styles; rock vocalist (Tubes).

1951 Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 points.

1951 Birth of Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov; Russian cosmonaut.

1952 Birth of Robyn Hitchcock; rocker (Moss Elixir).

1952 Puerto Rico approves their first self-written constitution.

1953 A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan killing 11.

1953 Birth of Dave Amato; rocker (REO Speedwagon – “Can’t Fight this Feeling”).

1953 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block Saint Louis Browns’ attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee.

1953 Canadian Comet plane crashes at Karachi, 11 killed.

1953 In Pecklesheim, West Germany, a meteorite falls harmlessly to the ground.

1954 Birth of Keith Carlton Fergus in Temple, Texas, USA; PGA golfer (1995 Honda Classic-8th).

1955 Birth of Andy Breckman, American comedian and radio personality

1955 Elvis Presley appears on television for the first time.

1956 Birth of Jim Barton in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; soling yachter (Olympics-bronze-1996).

1956 Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 metre freestyle (1:04.2).

1956 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns.

1956 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice New York Giants to stay in New York.

1956 Morocco gains independence from France.

1956 Willem H Keesom, Dutch physicist (Helium I/II), dies at age 79.

1957 Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with “Just as Then”.

1957 Cypriot liberation fighter Gregoris Afxentiou is killed, while fighting against British troops, burnt alive in a cave near the Machera Monastery, refusing to surrender.

1957 In Frankfurt. Germany, Corry Brokken wins the second Eurovision Song Contest for the Netherlands singing “Net als toen” (Like it used to be).

1957 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open.

1957 World Ice Dance Championship in Colorado Springs won by June Markham and Courtney Jones (Great Britain).

1957 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul (Canada).

1957 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (USA).

1957 World Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins (USA).

1958 Birth of Bob Bradley in Montclair, New Jersey, USA; soccer coach (Olympics-gold-1996).

1958 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq.

1958 Nuri as-Said becomes the prime minister of Iraq for the 14th time.

1959 Birth of Romeo Zondervan; Dutch soccer player (NAC).

1959 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis.

1959 Death of Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)

1959 San Francisco Giants rename their stadium Candlestick Park.

1959 The San Francisco Giants officially name their new stadium Candlestick Park.

1961 Death of Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)

1961 Hassan II becomes King of Morocco.

1961 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco.

1962 Birth of Herschel Walker; WFL/NFL running back (New Jersey Generals, Dallas Cowboys).

1962 British Antarctic Territory is formed.

1963 Birth of Elizabeth Chavez in Santa Monica, California, USA; WPVA volleyball player (US Open-13th-1991).

1963 Senegal adopts constitution.

1964 Birth of Arturo Huerta in Mexico; Canadian walker (Olympics-1996).

1965 Birth of A J Sager in Columbus, Ohio, USA; pitcher (Detroit Tigers).

1965 Temptations’ “My Girl” song reaches #1.

1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1966 A British Overseas Airways Boeing 707 flies into a mountain wave after the captain decides to give the passengers a close-up view of Mt. Fuji. All 124 people aboard are killed.

1966 Birth of Anthony Terrell Smith in Los Angeles, California, USA; rocker (Tone Loc – “Let’s Do It”).

1966 Death of William Frawley, American actor (b. 1887)

1966 Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to GuinTe.

1966 Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al).

1966 Tornado hits Jackson, Mississippi; 3 minutes after first sighting, 57 die.

1967 Birth of Alexander Volkov in Russia; tennis star.

1967 Chicago White Sox given permission to use semi-designated hitter in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game).

1967 Grenada gains partial independence from Britain.

1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1968 Birth of Brian Leetch in Corpus Christi, Texas, USA; NHL defenseman (Team USA, New York Rangers).

1968 Greece, Portugal, and Spain’s embassies bombed in The Hague, Netherlands.

1968 Jean Beliveau (Montreal Canadiens) becomes second NHL player to score 1,000 points.

1969 Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.

1969 Birth of Ronald Humphrey; NFL running back (Indianapolis Colts).

1969 In a Los Angeles, California court, Sirhan Sirhan admits that he killed presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.

1970 Birth of Donovan Bergstrom; American 3km steeplechase runner.

1971 Beginning of Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and India’s official entry to the Bangladesh Liberation War in support of Mukti Bahini

1971 Birth of Terryl Ulmer; Canadian Football League defensive back (Saskatchewan Roughriders).

1971 South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles.

1971 Winnie Mandela is sentenced to one year in jail in South Africa.

1972 Birth of Martin Prochazka in Slany, Czechoslovakia; NHL forward (Toronto Maple Leafs, Czechoslovakia Olympics-Gold-1998).

1972 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain, Georgia, USA.

1972 The space probe Pioneer X is launched by NASA.

1973 Birth of Cory Raymer; NFL center (Washington Redskins).

1973 Presidents Rule introduced in the Indian state of Orissa.

1974 A Turkish DC-10 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, killing all 346 aboard.

1974 Birth of David Faustino, American actor

1974 Despite Billy Harris’ hat trick New York Islanders lose 3-4.

1974 George Foreman knocks out Ken Norton.

1974 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic.

1974 Roman Catholic and Lutheran officials reach an agreement for eventual reconciliation into one communion, marking the first agreement between the two churches since the Reformation.

1974 World’s worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris, France (346 die).

1975 Birth of Albert Fields in Gary, Indiana; rocker (Party-Rodeo, That’s Why).

1975 L�szl= NTmeth, Hungarian physician/author (Galilei/Iszony), dies at age 73.

1976 Fleetwood Mac records Rumours, which will be a blockbuster album in 1977.

1976 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia.

1977 Birth of Bas Zuiderent; cricket player (Holland all-rounder 1996 World Cup).

1977 Libyan Socialist Arabs People’s Republic forms.

1977 New York Islanders allow Detroit Red Wings only 11 shots on goal.

1977 World Ice Dance Championship in Tokyo won by Irina Moiseeva and Andrei Minenkov (USSR).

1977 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (USSR).

1977 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA).

1977 World Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR).

1978 Birth of Carol Aquino; Miss Guatemala-Universe (1997).

1978 Charlie Chaplin’s remains are stolen in Switzerland.

1978 First day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (West Indies versus Australia).

1980 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.

1980 Pierre Trudeau returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

1981 Birth of Lil’ Flip; American rapper.

1981 New York Islanders and Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie.

1981 New York Islanders’ Mike Bossy’s 9th and final hat trick of season-4 goals.

1982 Birth of Jessica Biel; American actress.

1982 Death of Georges Perec, French writer (b. 1936)

1982 Georges Perec, French writer, dies at age 45.

1982 Queen Elizabeth II opens the Barbican Centre in London, England.

1982 US Senate begins debate on expulsion of Senator Harrison Williams (Democrat-New Jersey).

1983 Arthur Koestler, Hungarian/British writer (Dialogue With Death), dies at age 77 (born 1905).

1983 Death of HergT, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)

1984 New York Islanders score their most goals (11) versus Toronto Maple Leafs (6).

1984 Peter Ueberroth is elected baseball commissioner (Effective October 1).

1985 Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic.

1985 Birth of Sam Morrow; Northern Irish football player.

1985 Censorship: Women Against Pornography award their “Pig Award” to Huggies Diapers, claiming that the television ads had “crossed the line between eye-catching and porn.”

1985 National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51-week strike.

1985 Offshore Valparaiso, Chile, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake occurs. At least 177 people killed, 2,575 injured and extensive damage in central Chile.

1985 Sarah Blanding, first US female college head (Vassar 1946-64), dies at age 86.

1985 Willie Shoemaker becomes first jockey to win US$100 million.

1986 Birth of Stacie Orrico; American singer.

1986 The first paper is published describing the Atomic force microscope, invented the previous year by Gerd Binnig, Calvin Quate and Christophe Berger.

1987 Death of Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and comedian (b. 1913)

1987 Ray Dandridge, third baseman in Negro Leagues, elected to Hall of Fame.

1988 Birth of Timur Gareev, Asian chess player.

1988 Death of Sewall Wright, American biologist (b. 1889)

1988 Sewall Wright, US geneticist (evolution model), dies at age 98.

1989 Jammu Siltavuori abducts and murders two 8-year old girls in Myllypuro suburb in Helsinki, Finland.

1989 Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines.

1989 Portugal wins the FIFA U-20 World Cup defeating Nigeria on the final by 2-0 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

1989 Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, two years probation for Iran-Contra.

1990 Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan), crowned 39th Miss USA.

1990 Death of GTrard Blitz, Belgian waterpoloist and entrepreneur (b. 1912)

1990 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist/founder (Parool), dies at age 86.

1990 Gerard Blitz, Belgian swimmer/founder (Club MTd), dies at age 88.

1991 An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.

1991 Arthur Murray, American dance instructor, dies at age 95 of pneumonia (born 1895).

1991 Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109 versus West Indies at Kingston.

1991 Death of Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)

1991 In California, Los Angeles Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video.

1991 Iraqi generals and US General Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire.

1991 Latvia and Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR.

1991 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200 metre indoor (22.24 seconds).

1991 Miguel Trovoada installed as President of Sao TomT e Principal.

1991 Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18.

1991 United Airlines plane crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25.

1992 Birth of Madison Cross, American singer and actress.

1992 Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak, Turkey, 263 die.

1992 Mike Bossy’s #22 is second number retired by New York Islanders.

1992 President George H.W. Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to.

1993 Albert Sabin, physician (oral polio vaccine), dies at age 86.

1993 Carlos Montoya, flamenco guitarist, dies at age 89.

1993 Death of Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)

1994 Bob Crisp, cricket player (9 Tests for South Africa, 20 wickets at 37 35), dies.

1994 Karel Kryl, folk singer, dies at age 49.

1995 Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorce.

1995 Death of Howard W. Hunter, fourteenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (born 1907).

1995 Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar, dies at age 84.

1995 Howard Yanks, founder of the Philadelphia folk festival, dies at age 65.

1995 In Somalia, the United Nations peacekeeping mission ends.

1995 In Somalia, the United Nations peacekeeping mission ends.

1995 The Indiana Jones Adventure – Temple of the Forbidden Eye ride opens in Adventureland at Disneyland. This is the largest attraction at Disneyland.

1996 Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final.

1996 David Bowman, trade unionist, dies at age 82.

1996 Death of Marguerite Duras, French writer (b. 1914)

1996 John Joseph Krol, cardinal, dies at age 95.

1996 Marguerite Duras, French writer and director, dies at age 81 (born 1914).

1996 Meyer Schapiro, art historian, dies at age 91.

1997 Birth of Maria Francisca Isabel de Bragan?a, daughter of Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza.

1997 Stanislav Shatalin, Russian economist (500 Days), dies.

1997 The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.

1998 Death of Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)

1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones begin their attempt to circumnavigate the world in a hot air balloon without stopping.

1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones begin their successful attempt to circumnavigate the world in a hot air balloon without stopping.

1999 Death of Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1904).

1999 LaGrand case: The State of Arizona executes Walter LaGrand, a German despite German legal action in the International Court of Justice.

2000 Death of Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (born 1904).

2001 A U.S. Air Force Materiel Command C-23 Sherpa transport crashes during stormy weather in the U.S. state of Georgia, killing 21.

2001 Death of Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)

2001 Rusty Greer signs a $21.8 million, three-year contract extension with the Texas Rangers. Greer could make as much $36 million with incentives and options.

2002 Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favour of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.

2002 Death of Harlan Howard, American musician (b. 1927)

2002 S?o TomT and Pr?ncipe hold legislative elections.

2003 Death of Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)

2004 Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world’s largest brewer.

2005 Death of Rinus Michels, Dutch soccer player and coach (born 1928).

2005 Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.

2005 Millionaire Steve Fossett breaks a world record by completing the first non-stop, non-refueled, solo flight around the world in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer.

2005 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refuelling – a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.

2005 The freighter M/V Karen Danielsen, crashes into part of the Great Belt Bridge of Denmark, 800 m from Funen. All traffic across the bridge stops, effectively separating Denmark in two.

2006 Death of William Herskovic, Hungarian Holocaust hero and philanthropist (born 1914).

2006 In the opening game of the inaugural World Baseball Classic at the Tokyo Dome, South Korea blanks Taiwan, 2-0.

2007 Death of Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss illustrator (born 1913).

2007 Mixed martial artist Randy Couture wins the UFC heavyweight championship at the age of 43 in the main event of UFC 68.

2007 Total lunar eclipse.

2008 Death of Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian operatic tenor (born 1921).

2008 Russian energy company Gazprom cuts gas supplies to Naftogaz in the Ukraine by 25 percent, in a dispute over debts owed to the company.

2008 The board of Porsche Automobil Holdings approves Porsche acquiring a further 20 percent of Volkswagen giving it a controlling majority of 51 percent.

2008 The United Nations’ Security Council votes in favor of increasing economic sanctions against Iran for refusing to suspend nuclear enrichment and other sensitive activities.

2008 Venezuela and Ecuador cut diplomatic ties with Colombia, following Colombian bombing raids inside Ecuador to kill a leftist rebel.

2008 Volkswagen announces it is taking over Swedish truck-maker Scania for 2.9 billion euro (US$4.4 billion) increasing its stake from 31 percent to 68.6 percent.

2009 Gunmen attack a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan, killing eight people and injuring several others.

2009 The Bank of Canada reduces the benchmark lending rate from 1 to 0.5 percent.

2010 About 300 people are killed after heavy rain causes a series of landslides in the mountainous eastern region of Bududa in Uganda.

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