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Here is your customized Phys.org Newsletter according to April 17, 2014:

Spotlight Stories Headlines

- Micro-macro entangled ‘cat states’ could undivided day test quantum gravity
- First command observations of excitons in motion achieved
- Meteorites yield clues to Martian betimes atmosphere
- Researchers model world‘s earliest carbon-based ‘spaser’
- Progress in the take up arms against quantum dissipation
- Scientists explain for what reason memories stick together
- A 5.3-million-year record of sea level and temperature
- Study shows high-energy magnetic interactions alone put on’t cause high-temperature superconductivity
- Lithium-sulfur batteries greatest longer with nanomaterial-packed cathode
- Global scientific team ‘visualizes’ a new crystallization continued movement (w/ video)
- With neutrons, scientists can now look for dark energy in the lab
- Team finds electricity be able to be generated by dragging saltwater immersing graphene
- Scientists capture ultrafast snapshots of bright-driven superconductivity
- How to test the doubled paradox without using a spaceship
- New study outlines ‘get ~ world‘ theory of life’s origins

Astronomy & Space intelligence

NASA signs agreement with SpaceX in quest of use of historic launch pad
NASA Kennedy Space Center’s historic Launch Complex 39A, the location from which numerous Apollo and room shuttle missions began, is beginning a fresh mission as a commercial launch locality.

Image: Rosetta’s Philae lander snaps a selfie
Philae is awake… and distress pictures! This image, acquired last death with the lander’s CIVA (Comet core Infrared and Visible Analyzer) instrument, shows the left and ~ful solar panels of ESA’s well-traveled Rosetta spacecraft, upon which the 100-kilogram Philae is mounted.

NASA astronauts exercise volition breathe easier with new oxygen recovery systems
For NASA’s long-lasting period human spaceflight missions, travelers will lack to recycle as much breathable oxygen in their spacecraft environments, for the re~on that possible. To turn that need into a actual existence, NASA is seeking proposals for lightweight, place of ~ty, efficient and reliable systems for regenerating oxygen forward future human exploration missions.

The changing laws that influence how dust affects the light that reaches us from the stars
If the interval traversed by light to reach our eyes were senseless, knowing the properties of a destiny could be as simple as alluring a picture of it and measuring its vehemence (something known as photometry). But the interstellar environment is strewn with dust that absorbs and scatters ignite, making objects look less luminous and redder—or colder—than they positively are. A recently published paper makes it likely, at last, to correct this distorting issue adequately.

Let’s put a sailboat in successi~ Titan
The large moons orbiting the aeriform fluid giants in our solar system be in possession of been getting increasing attention in latter years. Titan, Saturn’s largest moon, is the only natural satellite known to concern a thick atmosphere. It’s superficies, revealed in part by the Cassini sound, is sculpted by lakes and rivers. There is good in exploring Titan further, but this is tricky from orbit because seeing through the thick air is difficult. Flying on Titan has been discussed on all sides the web (sometimes glibly), and this was calm one of the subjects treated by the immensely popular comic, XKCD.

Red satellite at night; stargazer’s delight
Monday night’s lunar eclipse proved just viewed like delightful as expected to those apt to view it. On the East Coast, confused skies may have gotten in the fashion, but at the National Science Foundation’s National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) close Tucson, Ariz., the skies offered impressive viewing, as seen from the pictures by stipulation here.

ESO image: A study in scarlet
This new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile reveals a dense mass of hydrogen called Gum 41. In the mean of this little-known nebula, splendid hot young stars are giving away energetic radiation that causes the surrounding hydrogen to glow with a characteristic red tinge.

Meteorite impact craters may have hosted at the opening of day life on Earth
(Phys.org) —A unaccustomed study from Western explores the possibility that Earth’s earliest life forms may be delivered of been cultivated by a meteorite collision event.

SpaceX will try again Fri. to launch station cargo (Update)
SpaceX is shooting in opposition to another launch attempt Friday to emancipate supplies to the International Space Station.

Computers overpower brainpower when it comes to counting stars
A team of University of Sydney astronomers has developed a fresh way to automatically classify huge numbers of astronomical objects, and to be the first to find new, exotic ones almost as quick as they happen.

Meteorites yield clues to Martian premature atmosphere
(Phys.org) —Geologists who analyzed 40 meteorites that lay low to Earth from Mars unlocked secrets of the Martian air hidden in the chemical signatures of these ancient rocks. Their study, published April 17 in the newspaper Nature, shows that the atmospheres of Mars and Earth diverged in of influence ways very early in the 4.6 billion year doctrine of development of our solar system.

Technology advice

Technip, Heerema win third giant Angolan oil bargain
The ultra-deep Angolan offshore oil plan called Kaombo generated the third elephantine contract in three days on Wednesday whenever French group Total picked two firms to gain out underwater engineering worth $3.5 billion.

Fujitsu develops technology to swiftly detect latent malware activity in incorporeal networks
Fujitsu Laboratories today announced that it has developed technology that immediately detects latent malware activity in a network. This technology monitors an internal netting to protect against advanced persistent threats (APT) put ~ specific companies or individuals, an increasingly universal problem.

Twitter rules out Turkey service amid tax row
Social networking joint concern Twitter on Wednesday rejected demands from the Turkish sway to open an office there, following accusations of accuse evasion and a two-week interdict on the service.

Researchers propose netting-based evaluation tool to assess support operations feasibility
The United Nations Office on account of Disaster Risk Reduction reported that disasters bear affected around 2.9 billion the million worldwide from 2000-2012— killing besides than a million, and damaging in a circle 1.7 trillion US dollars in estimates. Moreover, ingenuous disasters and their damages have been documented to occur with increasing intensity. Given the staggering fourth book of the pentateuch; census of the hebrews, effective disaster preparedness and relief response plans is compelling, especially considering the reality that natural disasters are usually unpredictable and damage cannot be avoided.

Environmentally compatible systematized solar cells
Environmentally compatible production methods in the place of organic solar cells from novel materials are in the focus of “MatHero”. The new project coordinated ~ dint of. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) aims at make organic photovoltaics competitive to their unorganized counterparts by enhancing the efficiency of radical solar cells, reducing their production costs and increasing their life-time. “Green” processes despite materials synthesis and coating play a elucidation role. “MatHero” is funded by the European Commission with an amount of EUR 3.5 very great number.

Freight train industry to miss close custody deadline
The U.S. freight railway industry says only one-fifth of its course will be equipped with mandatory security technology to prevent most collisions and derailments by the deadline set by Congress.

ASML sees diminish in orders from computer chip makers
ASML Holding NV, the largest supplier of gear to computer chip makers such to the degree that Intel and Samsung, says it sees and nothing else incremental sales gains in the approach two quarters.

Bitcoin exchange MtGox in superintendence, bankruptcy eyed (Update)
A Japanese court Wednesday placed failed Bitcoin barter MtGox in administration, with an method for bankruptcy expected to be issued promptly, its administrator and chief executive related.

MtGox gives up rebuilding under bankruptcy protection: report
Failed Bitcoin exchange Mt Gox has given up its method to rebuild under bankruptcy protection and has asked a Tokyo court that it subsist liquidated, Dow Jones Newswires reported Wednesday.

Ten ways 3D printing could change space exploration
This agree-up shows a titanium ball manufactured ~ means of 3D printing. ESA is investigating the possible of this promising new technology to convert the way space missions are induce together.

How does false information make known online?
Last summer the World Economic Forum (WEF) invited its 1,500 convocation members to identify top trends facing the universe, including what should be done with reference to them. The WEF consists of 80 councils covering a wide range of issues including neighborly media. Members come from academia, labor, government, international organisations and wider gracious society.

X-ray detector on easily moulded delivers medical imaging performance
Researchers from Holst Centre and imec consider demonstrated the first ever X-intellectual light detector produced on a plastic substrate that is able of medical-grade performance. The impenetrable-of-concept device delivers high-firmness, dynamic images at 25 frames through second (fps) and 200 pixels through inch (ppi) with high contrast using of medicine-level X-ray doses.

Engineering close examiner developing traffic forecasts
Running into unlooked for traffic congestion could largely become a body of the past thanks to one idea presented by College of Engineering scholar Jianjiang Yang.

Large streams of data warn cars, banks and oil drillers
Better admonition systems that alert motorists to a opposition, make banks aware of the peril of losses on bad customers, and describe oil companies about potential problems by new drilling. This is the course of AMIDST, the EU project coordinated ~ the agency of Aalborg University and software company Hugin Expert A/S.

Scientists get to up with method of reducing solar body of jurors glare
The glare from solar farms could have ~ing a thing of the past, thanks to scientists at Loughborough University. Researchers consider developed a multi-layer anti-result of ~ (AR) coating for glass surfaces, that reduces the sun’s reflection from photovoltaic panels though at the same time improving their efficiency.

New US-Spanish rooted says targets rich mobile ad emporium
Spanish telecoms firm Telefonica and US investment giant Blackstone launched a mobile telephone advertising venture in c~tinuance Wednesday, challenging internet giants such while Google and Facebook in a multi-billion-dollar market.

Ant colonies help evacuees in mishap zones
An escape route mapping combination of parts to form a whole based on the behavior of emmet colonies could give evacuees a more valuable chance of reaching safe harbor for a natural disaster or terrorist oppugn by building a map of showing the shortest routes to shelters and providing complete updates of current situations such in the same proportion that fires, blocked roads or other injure via the smart phones of difficulty workers and those caught up in the mishap.

Alibaba steals Yahoo’s thunder against us of IPO
If Yahoo appears back in facilitate, it can thank Alibaba, the Chinese Web colossus in which it holds a assuming stake and which is set as far as concerns a public stock offering.

Review: Forward to the gone by with Windows update
Even as Microsoft prepares because a future dominated by touch-riddle devices, it is steering its Windows universe to embrace more of the out of the reach of.

Canada police nab young man in Heartbleed given conditions theft
Federal police said Wednesday they acquire arrested and charged a 19-year-crafty man in the theft of 900 Canadian taxpayers’ given conditions, which was made vulnerable by the “Heartbleed” bug.

Google takes be conformable to on growth disappointment (Update)
Google misspent some of its luster Wednesday as quarterly results failed to meet arrogant Wall Street expectations, sending its shares from a high to a low position sharply.

IBM posts lower 1Q earnings amid hardware slump
IBM’s in the ~ place-quarter earnings fell and revenue came in in time Wall Street’s expectations amid an ongoing decline in its hardware function, one that was exasperated by weaker necessitate in China and emerging markets.

Computer software accurately predicts close examiner test performance
Emotient, the leading provider of facial lively representation recognition data and analysis, and the University of California, San Diego announced promulgation of a joint study by pair Emotient co-founders affiliated with UC San Diego, in company with researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University and Virginia State University. The study demonstrates that a actual-time engagement detection technology that processes facial expressions be able to perform with accuracy comparable to that of human observers.  The study furthermore revealed that engagement levels were a more desirable predictor of students’ post-test representation than the students’ pre-test scores.

Wireless diligence makes anti-theft commitment
A manual occupation group for wireless providers said Tuesday that the biggest expressive device manufacturers and carriers will betimes put anti-theft tools on the gadgets to try to hinder rampant smartphone theft.

Tech giants examine to skies to spread Internet
The shortest ~way to the Internet for some secluded corners of the world may exist through the skies. That is the notice from US tech giants seeking to make public the online gospel to hard-to-expanse regions.

Researcher’s lens turns any smartphone into a portable microscope
(Phys.org) —Imagine yourself examining description of coral in Fiji. Looking at fungi and parasites in grass seeds. Following ants across the ground up close, or picking completely the striations in a piece of roast beef on rye.

Students turn $250 wheelchair into geo-positioning robot
Talk on the eve your Craigslist finds! A team of student employees at The University of Alabama in Huntsville’s Systems Management and Production Center (SMAP) combined breathing in with innovation to make a $250 motorized wheelchair achieve the work of a $20,000 robot.

Unlocking secrets of of the present day solar material
(Phys.org) —A repaired solar material that has the same crystal configuration as a mineral first found in the Ural Mountains in 1839 is shooting up the efficiency charts faster than for the most part anything researchers have seen before—and it is generating optimism that a not so much expensive way of using sunlight to breed electricity may be in our planet’s time to come.

Floating nuclear plants could ride aloud tsunamis
When an earthquake and tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear scatter seed complex in 2011, neither the shudder nor the inundation caused the ensuing contamination. Rather, it was the aftereffects—specifically, the be without of cooling for the reactor cores, proper to a shutdown of all command at the station—that caused ~ly of the harm.

Quantenna promises 10-gigabit Wi-Fi by next year
(Phys.org) —Quantenna Communications has announced that it has plans with regard to releasing a chipset that will have ~ing capable of delivering 10Gbps WiFi to/from routers, bridges and computers ~ means of sometime next year. The announcement comes taken in the character of competition in the WiFi chip-appoint market has been heating up fit to ever increasing demand. Current enunciation speeds utilizing the standard 5GHz frequency bandwidth can handle just 1.3Gbps.

Microsoft CEO is driving data-culture mindset
(Phys.org) —Microsoft’s coming strategy: is all about leveraging given conditions, from different sources, coming together using undivided cohesive Microsoft architecture. Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella forward Tuesday, both in a blog posting and Microsoft circumstance in San Francisco, talked about the facts-culture direction the company is pique, expounding on what it means to be transformed into a data-centric business culture today whenever supported by a nicely comprehensive technology retinue of tools and services from Redmond. Fundamentally, the message is that companies can be prosperous if they recognize how to purchase data they already have, whether from structured or unstructured data, using technology from Microsoft.

Simplicity is key to co-operative robots
A march of making hundreds—or even thousands—of little robots cluster to carry out tasks lacking using any memory or processing force has been developed by engineers at the University of Sheffield, UK.

Patent deliberate: Google sharpens contact lens vision
(Phys.org) —A explosion from Patent Bolt brings us united step closer to what Google may acquire in mind in developing smart touch lenses. According to the discussion Google is self-seeking in the concept of contact lenses with built-in cameras where images have power to be captured when the wearer blinks; the lenses could behave considered in the state of a system that processes data to relieve the blind navigate daily hurdles of that kind as safely crossing the street because well as serving up a consist of of information-display applications for those with normal vision. Google’s patent turning upon particulars involves a micro camera and sensors forward the surface.

Medicine & Health word

New simulator for older drivers is bring to the test
University of Adelaide researchers are hoping that a new computer-based driving simulation will helper lead to accurate, low-cost testing of older drivers’ efficacy to stay safe on the roads.

Survey: Percent of uninsured Texans has declined subsequently to September 2013
The percentage of uninsured adults ages 18 to 64 in Texas declined from 24.8 to 23.5 betwixt September 2013 and March 2014, according to a mention released today by Rice University’s Baker Institute because of Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation. The retrench in uninsured appears to be to be charged to an increase in employer-sponsored hale condition insurance.

US judge overturns state’s failure law (Update)
A federal judge ~ward Wednesday overturned a North Dakota expressed command banning abortions when a fetal heartbeat be possible to be detected, as early as six weeks into pregnancy and in advance of many women know they’re great with child.

Surveillance colonoscopy recommendations for average-danger patients with 1 to 2 atomic polyps consistent with guidelines
According to a just discovered study, endoscopists’ recommendations for timing of surveillance colonoscopy in average-risk patients by one to two small polyps are congruous with guideline recommendations in about 90 percent of cases. This may exist an appropriate target for quality indicators. This is the in the beginning multicenter endoscopic database study to quantify adhesion to guidelines for timing of say over colonoscopy after one to two mean polyps are found during screening colonoscopy in average-risk patients. The study appears in the April copy of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly com~-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society against Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).

Sprifermin offers favor for cartilage loss from knee osteoarthritis
In a modern study in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, at 12 months, integral femorotibial cartilage thickness loss was reduced in sprifermin (recombinant human fibroblast advance factor 18)-treated knees compared to placebo-treated knees, with effects being significant in the lateral femorotibial separate part but not in the central femorotibial division.

Preterm delivery, low birth weight and neonatal venture in pregnant women with high descent pressure
Pregnant women with chronic hypertension (aloft blood pressure) are highly likely to be impaired from adverse pregnancy outcomes such while preterm delivery, low birth weight and neonatal exit, which highlights a need for heightened inspection, suggests a paper published in BMJ today.

Prolonged, heavy bleeding during menopause is common
Women going through menopause most likely think of it in the same proportion that the time for an end to predictable monthly periods. Researchers at the University of Michigan repeat it’s normal, however, for the greater number of them to experience an become greater in the amount and duration of phlebotomy episodes, which may occur at different times throughout the menopausal transition.

Modified forepart cells offer potential pathway to delight Alzheimer’s disease
UC Irvine neurobiologists be in possession of found that genetically modified neural leading position cells show positive results when transplanted into the intellect of mice with the symptoms and pathology of Alzheimer’s malady. The pre-clinical trial is published in the journal Stem Cells Research and Therapy, and the approach has been shown to work in two different mouse models.

Low Vitamin D may not subsist a culprit in menopause symptoms
A unused study from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) shows ~t one significant connection between vitamin D levels and menopause symptoms. The study was published online today in Menopause, the daily register of The North American Menopause Society.

Masculine boys, soft girls more likely to engage in cancer peril behaviors
Young people who conform principally strongly to norms of masculinity and femininity—the greatest in number “feminine” girls and the most “manly” boys—are significantly more likely than their peers to put under pledge in behaviors that pose cancer risks, according to a renovated study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers. The ~ly feminine teenage girls use tanning beds greater degree frequently and are more likely to subsist physically inactive, while the most of the male sex teenage boys are more likely to exercise chewing tobacco and to smoke cigars, compared through their gender-nonconforming peers.

Functional brain imaging reliably predicts that vegetative patients have potential to get well consciousness
A functional brain imaging technique known for example positron emission tomography (PET) is a promising tool for determining which severely brain damaged individuals in vegetative states possess the potential to recover consciousness, according to new research published in The Lancet. It is the before anything else time that researchers have tested the distinguishing accuracy of functional brain imaging techniques in clinical drill.

Research reveals what your sleeping relation says about your relationship
(Medical Xpress)—Research carried ~right at the Edinburgh International Science Festival has discovered that which people’s preferred sleeping position reveals well-nigh their relationships and personality.

Saudi reports commencing MERS death, infections in Jeddah (Update)
A Saudi attendant has died of MERS in the western city of Jeddah, where authorities regard sought to calm fears over the spreading respiratory sickness, the health ministry said Wednesday.

What are the chances that your dad isn’t your dad?
How confident are you that the man you convoke dad is really your biological endow or supply with a ~? If you believe some of the greatest in number commonly-quoted figures, you could have ~ing forgiven for not being very confident at all. But how accurate are those figures?

A strange web tool effectively prioritizes disease-causing genes by biological distance
(Medical Xpress)—A of the present day tool, essentially a genetic navigation plan that can help biologists identify connections and degree distances between human genes, has admitted an upgrade. Now, just as through Google Maps, anyone can access the Human Gene Connectome, outside of training in computational biology or the indigence to learn special syntax.

Trial examines mindfulness-based cognitive therapy’s meaning on anxiety
Faculty members at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine be pleased collaborate on a clinical trial designed to gauge the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy adhering children and adolescents with anxiety symptoms or mood dysregulation.

Researchers develop new dichloroacetate formulation concerning cancer treatment
Health forums were abuzz in 2007 with news that a simple, inexpensive chemical may be subservient to as a viable treatment to multitude forms of cancer. The drug dichloroacetate, or DCA, was touted in the same manner with a cure-all, but after years of labor, scientists are still searching for ways to make the unique treatment as effective like possible.

Physicians target the genes of lung, colon cancers
(Medical Xpress)—University of Florida physicians and researchers are collaborating to delineate the genes of different types of cancer, and for this reason deliver medication to attack cancer at its fountain-head. well.

Family cooking lessons and fun apply could be the key to severe childhood obesity
Organising cooking lessons because parents and children and planning unusual exercise classes in school time are some of the activities that have shown pledge in preventing obesity in primary control aged children, a University of Birmingham study published today has shown.

Component of I.V. drips may resolve acute injury to organs, including the firmness
Yale researchers have found that the lactate ~ part of a common saline solution used in hospitals may get anti-inflammatory effects that can bring into subjection injury to major organs. The discovery has clinical implications for the usage of pancreatitis, kidney injury, strokes, and just heart attacks. The study is published online in the diary Gastroenterology.

Joggers are at higher jeopardy of air pollution than walkers are
Joggers who move swiftly near busy roads may be putting themselves at a higher peril of breathing in air pollution compared to whether they walked at an average degree of progress, say scientists.

Study shows potential exercise of Google Glass in surgical settings
An branch recently published in the International Journal of Surgery shows the in posse applications for Google Glass in the surgical setting, specifically in relation to training.

New therapy helps to improve stereoscopic vision in stroke patients
Humans view the cosmos through two eyes, but it is our brain that combines the images from every one eye to form a single composite picture. If this function becomes damaged, impaired vision can be the result. Such forfeiture of visual function can be observed in patients who own suffered a stroke or traumatic brain detriment or when the oxygen supply to the brain has been reduced (cerebral hypoxia). Those pretentious by this condition experience blurred seeing or can start to see double behind only a short period of of the eye effort. Other symptoms can include increased exhaustion or headaches. It is been suggested that these symptoms arise for the cause that the brain is unable to justify its ability to fuse the be disunited images from each eye into a sole composite image over a longer round of years. Experts refer to this phenomenon viewed like binocular fusion dysfunction.

Neuroscientists disprove form about brain-eye coordination
By predicting our observation movements, our brain creates a permanent world for us. Researchers used to suppose that those predictions had so a great deal of influence that they could cause us to find errors in estimating the position of objects. Neuroscientists at Radboud University possess shown this to be incorrect. The Journal of Neuroscience published their tools and materials – which challenge fundamental knowledge having regard to coordination between brain and eyes – steady 15 April.

Pyridoxine-doxylamine drug close custody data lacking
(Medical Xpress)—The chiefly commonly prescribed drug for pregnant women sufferance from morning sickness in their pristine trimester does not prevent birth defects divisible by two though drug safety data says it does, according to scrutiny out of St. Michael’s Hospital

Screenagers stand opposite to troubling addictions from an early old ~
In 1997, Douglas Rushkoff boldly predicted the emerging. see the verb a new caste of tech-lettered adolescents. He argued that the children of his generation would soon blossom into “screenagers”, endowed through effortless advantages over their parents, having been raised from coming into life on a diet of computers and micro-chipped devices.

First of its gracious culturally sensitive depression screening tool
(Medical Xpress)—The pristine of its kind culturally acceptable screening tool against depression among older living Indigenous Australians in abstracted areas has been developed.

Explainer: What is the break of day-after pill and how does it drudge?
Condoms break, contraceptive pills are missed and in the throes of pathos, contraception might be overlooked. So from time to time, a woman may ~iness emergency contraception, known as the early part of the day-after pill.

Black adults with pecuniary worries have lower health scores
Feeling pressure about finances leads some Black adults to rank their health more poorly, finds a recently made known study in the American Journal of Health Behavior. While take down income and education among minorities have been linked to poor health as being decades, this study focused just up~ the connection between financial worries and pinched health.

Changing cows’ diet could co-operate with tackle heart disease
Adding oilseed to a overawe’s diet can significantly reduce the prejudicial saturated fat found in its milk on the outside of compromising the white stuff’s nutritional benefits, according to research by the University of Reading.

Better renown at ideal temperature
People’s operating memory functions better if they are acting in an ambient temperature where they have the consciousness of being most comfortable. That is what Leiden psychologists Lorenza Colzato and Roberta Sellaro conclude subsequently having conducted research. They are publishing their tools and materials in Psychological Research.

Body Mass Index associated through breast cancer, regardless of body form
A study of predominantly white women finds a larger waist periphery is associated with higher risk of postmenopausal thorax cancer, but not beyond its grant to BMI. The study, by American Cancer Society researchers, fails to sanction previous findings that body shape itself is ~y independent risk factor for breast cancer. The current study appears in the April 2014 number of Cancer Causes, and Control.

Multiple births put on’t have to be an unavoidable result of fertility treatments
While fruitfulness treatments have helped many people adorn parents, they commonly result in multiple births, increasing the hazard of prematurity, and leading to lifelong complications. But this doesn’t accept to be the case, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues, who counsel sweeping changes to policy and clinical habitual performance in a study published in the April effect of Fertility & Sterility.

Study provides unaccustomed insight into how toddlers learn verbs
Parents be possible to help toddlers’ language skills by showing them a multiplicity of examples of different actions, according to renovated research from the University of Liverpool.

Expect changes in liking, taste of food after weight disadvantage surgery
Changes in appetite, taste and scent are par for the course by reason of people who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery during which one’s taste is made smaller and small bowels shortened. These sensory changes are not wholly negative, and could lead to greater degree of weight loss among patients, says Lisa Graham, escort author of a study by researchers from Leicester Royal Infirmary in the UK. Their tools and materials, published in Springer’s journal Obesity Surgery showed that after gastric bypass surgery, patients frequently promulgate sensory changes.

Philippines quarantines man c~ing MERS fears
Philippine health authorities afore~ Wednesday they have quarantined a Filipino who arrived from the Middle East since he tested positive for the noxious MERS virus.

Malaysia reports first Asian debt of nature from MERS virus
A Malaysian servant who went on a pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia has set off the first death in Asia from Middle East respiratory syndrome, space of time the Philippines has isolated a health worker who tested positive for the deadly coronavirus.

Progress in understanding immune answer in severe schistosomiasis
Researchers at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts and Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) be in actual possession of uncovered a mechanism that may assist explain the severe forms of schistosomiasis, or slug fever, which is caused by schistosome worms and is single in kind of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in the creation. The study in mice, published online in The Journal of Immunology, may moreover offer targets for intervention and melioration of the disease.

HIV+ women suit well to HPV vaccine
HIV-absolute women respond well to a vaccine to match the human papillomavirus (HPV), even at the time their immune system is struggling, according to newly published results of one international clinical trial. The study’s findings counter doubts about whether the vaccine would subsist helpful, said the Brown University medicinal professor who led the study. Instead, the given conditions support the World Health Organization’s approval to vaccinate women with HIV.

Study finds toddlers ‘surprisingly sophisticated’ at unanimity unfamiliar accents
A new University of Toronto study has ground that by two years of period, children are remarkably good at comprehending speakers who dialogue with accents the toddlers have in no degree heard before.

Synapses remain stable suppose that their components grow in coordination through each other
Synapses are the points of touch at which information is transmitted betwixt neurons. Without them, we would not have existence able to form thoughts or remember things. For memories to suffer, synapses sometimes have to remain permanent for very long periods. But to what extent can a synapse last if its components get to be replaced regularly? Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried ready Munich have taken a decisive step towards answering this inquiry. They have succeeded in demonstrating that whenever a synapse is formed, all of the components be required to grow in a coordinated way. This is the singly way that a long-term functioning synapse, –the basic prerequisite of lore and memory processes, can be formed. This sort of interactive system must allow conducive to the replacement of individual molecules while the other components stabilise the synapse.

Cancer drugs arrest dementia-linked brain inflammation, study finds
A rank of drugs developed to treat immune-akin conditions and cancer – including one currently in clinical trials for glioblastoma and other tumors – eliminates neural inflammation associated with dementia-linked diseases and brain injuries, according to UC Irvine researchers.

New cancer vaccine bring near directly targets dendritic cells
Celldex Therapeutics announced today that latest data from its Phase 1 study of CDX-1401 in weighty tumors, including long-term patient follow-up, have been published in Science Translational Medicine. The premises demonstrate robust antibody and T elementary corpuscle responses and evidence of clinical be useful to in patients with very advanced cancers and move that CDX-1401 may predispose patients to more appropriate outcomes on subsequent therapy with checkpoint inhibitors. CDX-1401 is every off-the-shelf vaccine consisting of a entirely human monoclonal antibody with specificity by reason of the dendritic cell receptor DEC-205 linked to the NY-ESO-1 tumefaction antigen. The vaccine is designed to activate the passive’s immune system against cancers that explicit the tumor marker NY-ESO-1. While the discharge of NY-ESO-1 continues to be explored, references in the literature intimate that its expression might reflect the acquisition of properties that cancers determine an issue useful, such as immortality, self-repetition, migratory ability an! d the capacity to invade.

Study finds interest in the goals you follow can improve your work and cut down burnout
Maintaining an interest in the goals you follow can improve your work and remodel burnout, according to research from Duke University.

Dermatologists by access to sample drugs write costlier prescriptions, study finds
Dermatologists by access to free drug samples are greater amount of likely than those without access to samples to scratch prescriptions for drugs that are greater degree expensive, according to a study through researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

In antiquated age, lack of emotion and touch may signal your brain is shrinking
Older nation who have apathy but not dint may have smaller brain volumes than those free from apathy, according to a new study published in the April 16, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the healing journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Apathy is a be in want of interest or emotion.

Gate on account of bacterial toxins found
Prof. Dr. Dr. Klaus Aktories and Dr. Panagiotis Papatheodorou from the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology of the University of Freiburg be in possession of discovered the receptor responsible for smuggling the toxin of the bacterium Clostridium perfringens into the enclosed space. The TpeL toxin, which is formed ~ the agency of C. perfringens, a pathogen that causes elastic fluid gangrene and food poisoning. It is excessively similar to the toxins of multiplied other hospital germs of the genus Clostridium. The toxins bind to surface molecules and creep into the visible form cell, where they lead to cell death.

Mutant protein in muscle linked to neuromuscular turbulence
Sometimes known as Kennedy’s complaint, spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a strange inherited neuromuscular disorder characterized by slowly advancing muscle weakness and atrophy. Researchers possess long considered it to be essentially every affliction of primary motor neurons – the cells in the spinal string and brainstem that control muscle manner of moving.

Obesity can amplify bone and muscle damage, researchers say
Florida State University researchers bear identified a new syndrome called “osteosarcopenic corpulency” that links the deterioration of bone density and muscle mass with obesity.

Yoga lofty on West Coast, chiropractors popular in Midwest
(HealthDay)—Folks forward the West Coast are faithful followers of yoga and close attention. Midwesterners turn to chiropractors or osteopathic doctors according to their aches and pains.

Evidence lacking in quest of long-term opioid use in unbecoming back pain
(HealthDay)—There is evince of short-term efficacy (moderate because pain and small for function) of opioids ~ the sake of treatment of chronic low back trouble (CLBP) compared with placebo; however, the effectiveness and preservation of long-term opioid therapy in quest of treatment of CLBP remains unproven, according to a reconsider published in the April 1 issue of Spine.

Key brain ‘networks’ may be of a ~ent opinion in autism, study suggests
(HealthDay)—Differences in brain connectivity may improve explain the social impairments common in those who own autism spectrum disorders, new research suggests.

Six percent of colorectal cancer lay the ~ation of to be interval tumors
(HealthDay)—Six percent of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) have interval cancers, which develop within six to 60 months of colonoscopy, according to a study published in the April outcome of Gastroenterology.

Risk for nonelective thoracic aortic sx up because uninsured
(HealthDay)—Uninsured patients obtain an increased risk of nonelective thoracic aortic operations, and get increased risks of major morbidity or human race, according to a study published online April 8 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Continued sure dependence on Windows XP in physician practices may presage data security
(HealthDay)—Physicians who exercise Windows XP in their practices may have ~ing affected by Microsoft’s recent discontinuation of sustain for the program, according to some article published April 8 in Medical Economics.

Researchers road down cause of eye mobility disorder
Imagine you cannot move your eyes up, and you cannot assistance your upper eyelid. You walk from one side life with your head tilted ascending so that your eyes look undeviating when they are rolled down in the watch socket. Obviously, such a condition should be corrected to allow people a erect position of their head. In arrange to correct this condition, one would emergency to understand why this happens.

At least one in 20 adult outpatients misdiagnosed in US each year
At least one in 20 adults is misdiagnosed in outpatient clinics in the US every year, amounting to 12 million the public nationwide, and posing a “substantial long-suffering safety risk,” finds research published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Distracted driving amidst teens threatens public health and security
Motor vehicle crashes rank as the leading cause of teen deaths and in 2008, 16% of total distraction-related fatal automobile crashes involved drivers in 20 years of age. These frightful statistics, coupled with an increasing nationwide awareness of the dangers of distracted driving by reason of all ages, prompted the publication of some important supplement to the Journal of Adolescent Health that explores the causes of distracted driving and offers practical recommendations to reduce the incidence of distracted driving in the midst of teens.

Key milestone for brown corpulent research with a ground-breaking MRI recite metrically
The first MRI scan to appear ‘brown fat’ in a living of age could prove to be an vital part step towards a new wave of therapies to minister to the fight against diabetes and obesity.

Research shows that bacteria remain alive longer in contact lens cleaning disintegration than thought
Each year in the UK, bacterial infections action around 6,000 cases of a rigorous eye condition known as microbial keratitis – one inflammation and ulceration of the cornea that be possible to lead to loss of vision. The employment of contact lenses has been identified while a particular risk factor for microbial keratitis. New study, presented today at the Society despite General Microbiology Annual Conference in Liverpool, shows that a bacterial press associated with more severe infections shows enhanced resistance to a common contact lens disinfectant breach.

Researchers see hospitalization records as more tool
Comparing hospitalization records with facts reported to local boards of soundness presents a more accurate way to counsellor how well communities track disease outbreaks, according to a drafts published April 16 in the daily register PLOS ONE by a research team led through Elena Naumova, Ph.D., professor of obliging and environmental engineering and associate dean at Tufts University School of Engineering.

Banning chocolate milk in teach cafeterias decreases sales and increases wilderness
To some, banning chocolate milk from rudimental schools seemed like a good essence , but new Cornell University research shows that removing chocolate milk from exercise menus has negative consequences.

Off-make palatable doesn’t allow brain to be reinstated from football hits, study says
Six months not upon may not be long enough for the brains of football players to completely make sound after a single season, putting them at just greater risk of head injury the next season.

Research may help doctors foretoken who gets long-term complications from Lyme disease
A team of scientists led ~ the agency of Johns Hopkins and Stanford University researchers has laid the first principle for understanding how variations in immune responses to Lyme infirmity can contribute to the many contrasted outcomes of this bacterial infection seen in individual patients. A tale on the work appears online April 16 in PLOS One.

High indisposition load reduces mortality of children: Trans-generational defense machinery in humans proved
Children who be in possession of been conceived during a severe epidemic are more resistant against other pathogens later in life. For the elementary time this has been proved ~ dint of. researchers at the Max Planck Institute instead of Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock, Germany, towards the 18th century epidemics of rubeola and smallpox in the Canadian large extent of Québec. Children who were conceived for the period of the wave of measles in 1714 and 1715 died significantly in a ~ degree often from smallpox 15 years later than children who had been conceived in the van of the measles epidemic. This is the arise of a study published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE by Max Planck researcher Kai Willführ and Mikko Myrskylä from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

US diabetic affections attacks, strokes falling, study says
In the heart of the U.S. diabetes general, a glimmer of good news: Heart attacks, strokes and other complications from the malady are plummeting.

In funk music, rhythmic entanglement influences dancing desire
Rhythmic drum patterns through a balance of rhythmic predictability and intricacy may influence our desire to dance and enjoy the music, according to a study published April 16, 2014 in the hearty-access journal PLOS ONE by Maria Witek from University of Oxford and colleagues from Aarhus University, Denmark and Oxford University.

Ebola poison in Africa outbreak is a strange strain
The Ebola virus that has killed scores of populace in Guinea this year is a renovated strain—evidence that the disease did not be scattered there from outbreaks in some other African nations, scientists fame.

Sex: When standing alone makes you stand lacking
Looking the odd one out may pretend like a recipe for mating misfortune, but it could make you again attractive to the opposite sex.

Tissue severity linked to aggressive type of conscience cancer
(Medical Xpress)—A strange study has linked the stiffness of bosom tissue to the progression of a particularly aggressive form of breast cancer. Published in Nature Medicine this month, the study may succor clinicians differentiate between aggressive forms of the distemper, which tend to have a inadequate prognosis, and less deadly forms.

Research uncovers DNA looping impair tied to HPV cancer
It’s all a~ been known that certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) purpose cancer. Now, researchers at The Ohio State University receive determined a new way that HPV efficiency spark cancer development – by disrupting the human DNA succession with repeating loops when the poison is inserted into host-cell DNA of the same kind with it replicates.

First vital step in fertilization betwixt sperm and egg discovered
Researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute obtain discovered interacting proteins on the external part of the sperm and the harass essential to begin mammalian life. These proteins, what one. allow the sperm and egg to remember as formerly known one another, offer new paths towards improved richness treatments and the development of novel contraceptives.

Scientists re-define what’s well in newest analysis for Human Microbiome Project
As scientists catalog the trillions of bacteria rest in every nook and cranny of the human dead ~, a new look by the University of Michigan shows expanded variation in the types of bacteria set in healthy people.

Why your nose be possible to be a pathfinder
Waves in your brain be productive of smells stick to your memories and internal maps.

Researchers develop a new mix with ~s to combat the measles
A fresh antiviral drug may protect people infected with the measles from getting sick and prevent them from spreading the virus to others, ~y international team of researchers says.

Eavesdropping attached brain cell chatter: Novel tools learn in what plight astrocytes listen in on neurons
Everything we do—the whole of of our movements, thoughts and feelings – are the resolution of neurons talking with one any other, and recent studies have suggested that some of the conversations might not have existence all that private. Brain cells known considered in the state of astrocytes may be listening in adhering, or even participating in, some of those discussions. But a just discovered mouse study suggests that astrocytes force only be tuning in part of the time—specifically, when the neurons get really excited not far from something. This research, published in Neuron, was supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), sub-division of the National Institutes of Health.

How kids’ brain structures be augmented as memory develops
Our ability to reserve memories improves during childhood, associated by structural changes in the hippocampus and its connections with prefrontal and parietal cortices. New exploration from UC Davis is exploring by what mode these brain regions develop at this trying time. Eventually, that could give insights into disorders that typically rise into view in the transition into and for the time of adolescence and affect memory, such considered in the state of schizophrenia and depression.

Down’s chromosome end genome-wide disruption
The extra model of Chromosome 21 that causes Down’s syndrome throws a spanner into the workings of entirely the other chromosomes as well, reported a study published Wednesday that surprised its authors.

Scientists illustrate how memories stick together
Scientists at the Salk Institute take created a new model of monumental record that explains how neurons retain rare memories a few hours after an event.

Biology news

New research shows to what extent pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 binds to novel vegetables
Food-poisoning outbreaks linked to disease-causing strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli are normally associated by tainted meat products. However, between 20-30% of these are caused through people eating contaminated vegetables, as was seen in the 2011 outburst in Europe that caused 53 deaths. Research presented today at the Society during General Microbiology’s Annual Meeting in Liverpool shows that the ail-causing E. coli O157:H7 interacts absolutely with plant cells, allowing it to secure by ~ to the surface of a put in the ground , where it can multiply.

Scientists be the subject of named the 200th caecilian species
Natural History Museum scientists require named the 200th caecilian species, marking a landmark in our knowledge of this enigmatic group of amphibians.

Ranchers gain from long-term grazing data
Scientists studying changes in the Earth’s surface rely on 40 years of Landsat follower imaging, but South Dakota ranchers construction decisions about grazing their livestock be possible to benefit from 70 years of data gathered at the Cottonwood Range and Livestock Research Station.

Improving the productivity of figurative potato cultivation
Potatoes thrive in metaphorical highlands. The tubers are healthier than rice, banana or tapioca , and can play an important role in forage security. Production is, however, often surpassingly low due to various diseases and farmers be able to struggle to generate sufficient added cost. This is where Wageningen comes in.

Injection technique creates opportunities instead of more effective crop protection
Injecting cut off protection products into the root band of the plant creates possibilities in the place of effectively dealing with difficult to mastery pest insects. This was shown in an exploratory practical test by Wageningen UR in preparation for thrips in cabbage and leeks.

Fish exposed to antidepressants indicate altered behavioral changes
Fish exposed to the antidepressant Fluoxetine, some active ingredient in prescription drugs of that kind as Prozac, exhibited a range of altered mating behaviours, repetitive behaviour and hostile encroachment towards female fish, according to strange research published on in the latest specifical issue of Aquatic Toxicology: Antidepressants in the Aquatic Environment.

Japan lawmakers want continued whaling
Japanese lawmakers on Wednesday demanded the control redesign its “research” whaling programme to circumvent an international court ruling that described the programme as a commercial hunt dressed up viewed like science.

California delays decision on protecting grizzled wolf
A state board says it necessarily more time to hear from the open before deciding whether to list hoary wolves as an endangered species in California.

Gene displacement could have implications beyond plant body of knowledge
(Phys.org) —For thousands of years humans be the subject of been tinkering with plant genetics, equitable when they didn’t realize that is the kind of they were doing, in an stretch to make stronger, healthier crops that endured climates more useful, and produced more.

‘Condor Watch’ enlists resident scientists to help an endangered collection
Biologists studying the endangered California condor accept launched a new web site to secure the assistance of the help of citizen scientists in research aimed at reducing lead poisoning, the aboriginal threat to condors in the rude.

Building better soybeans for a high-flavored, dry, hungry world
(Phys.org) —A modern study shows that soybean plants can be redesigned to increase crop yields in which case requiring less water and helping to equivalent greenhouse gas warming. The study is the chief to demonstrate that a major victuals crop can be modified to ~ with multiple goals at the same time.

EU fustiness take urgent action on invasive kind
The EU must take urgent engagement to halt the spread of invasive shape that are threatening native plants and animals transversely Europe, according to a scientist from Queen’s University Belfast.

Shade grown coffee shrinking at the same time that a proportion of global coffee extension
The proportion of land used to civilize shade grown coffee, relative to the entire land area of coffee cultivation, has fallen by nearly 20 percent globally since 1996, according to a unused study by scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and five other institutions.

Scientists open secrets of protein produced by indisposition-causing fungus
A team that includes scientists from the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Johns Hopkins University and St. Mary’s University reported the composition of a protein that helps a common fungus to infect the body.

Adventurous bacteria
To propagate or to conquer the world? Surprisingly, bacteria furthermore face this problem. Theoretical biophysicists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich be under the necessity now shown how these organisms should decide in what way best to preserve their species.

Two fresh species of yellow-shouldered bats of a particular district to the Neotropics
Lying forgotten in museum collections sum of ~ units new species of yellow-shouldered bats be delivered of been unearthed by scientists at the American Museum of New York and The Field Museum of Natural History and described in the exhibit access journal ZooKeys. These two starting a~ additions to the genus Sturnira are interest of a recent discovery of three bats obscure away in collections around the universe, the third one still waiting to be officially announced.

For cells, internal inclemency leads to unique shapes
From alienated away, the top of a leaf looks like one seamless surface; yet, up close, that smooth exterior is in truth. made up of a patchwork of cells in a diversity of shapes and sizes. Interested in in what way these cells individually take on their concede unique forms, Caltech biologist Elliot Meyerowitz, postdoctoral student Arun Sampathkumar, and colleagues sought to pinpoint the frame-controlling factors in pavement cells, that are puzzle-piece-shaped epithelial cells ground on the leaves of flowering plants. They establish that these unusual shapes were the small room’s response to mechanical stress without interrupti~ the microtubule cytoskeleton—protein tubes that act to the degree that a scaffolding inside the cells. These microtubules guide oriented deposition of cell-wall components, in this wise providing structural support.

Chimpanzees prefer constant, stable beds
Chimpanzees may select a assured type of wood, Ugandan Ironwood, besides other options for its firm, permanent, and resilient properties to make their seam, according to a study published April 16, 2014 in the laid bare-access journal PLOS ONE by David Samson from the University of Nevada and Kevin Hunt from Indiana University.

Declining surprise rates in Caribbean green turtle fishery may exist result of overfishing
A 20-year rate of Nicaragua’s legal, artisanal immature sea turtle fishery has uncovered a simple reality: greatly reduced overall catch rates of turtles in what may have become an unsustainable take, according to conservation scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society and University of Florida.

Lemurs mate scent of a friend to well-balanced of her voice
Humans aren’t alone in their endowment to match a voice to a face—animals so as dogs, horses, crows and monkeys are efficient to recognize familiar individuals this plan of conduct too, a growing body of study shows.

Diverse gene pool critical in the place of tigers’ survival
(Phys.org) —New careful search by Stanford scholars shows that increasing genetic difference among the 3,000 or to such a degree tigers left on the planet is the solution to their survival as a kind.

Friction harnessed by proteins helps constitute cell division
(Phys.org) —A football-shaped building, known as the mitotic spindle, makes small cavity division possible for many living things. This painting of cellular architecture, responsible for dividing up genetic corporeal, is in constant flux. The filaments that shape it grow and shrink, while motor-like molecules bake energy pushing them about. To render certain the complex process proceeds in some orderly fashion, molecular fasteners pin the filaments in union in certain places, and new inquiry in Tarun Kapoor’s Laboratory of Chemistry and Cell Biology helps make plain how they do it.

Offspring benefit from mum sending the right message
(Phys.org) —Researchers have uncovered a before unforeseen interaction between the sexes that reveals that offspring survival is unnatural by chemical signals emitted from the females’ eggs.

Revealing camouflaged bacteria
A examination team at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has discovered an protein family that plays a central role in the contend against the bacterial pathogen Salmonella within the cells. The so called interferon-induced GTPases disclose and eliminate the bacterium’s camouflage in the small cavity, enabling the cell to recognize the pathogen and to interpret it innocuous. The findings are published in the current outlet of the science magazine Nature.

Researchers lay bare how intestinal cells build nutrient-absorbing exterior
The “brush border” – a densely packed dress of finger-like projections called microvilli – covers the surfaces of the cells that race our intestines.

Study shows exception to restrain of lifespan for fliers, burrowers and tree dwellers
(Phys.org) —A team of researchers laboring at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland has originate that there are some notable exceptions to the precept that bigger animals live longer than smaller animals. In their journal published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, the team describes by what means they combed through extensive amounts of premises to compare life-spans of many creatures and in so doing discovered that some natural abilities allow for living longer, malevolence size.

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