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{{bdm}}{{EngvarB|date=May 2016}}

{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2016}}

{{infobox UK place

|country = England

|official_name= Chipping Campden


|static_image_caption=From top to bottom: East Banqueting House and Saint James' Church; The Market Hall; High Street; Dover's Hill; Hidcote Manor and Gardens

|latitude= 52.052

|longitude= -1.779


| population = 2,288

| population_ref = (2011 Census)

|shire_district= [[Cotswold (district)|Cotswold]]

|shire_county= [[Gloucestershire]]

|region= South West England

|constituency_westminster=[[The Cotswolds (UK Parliament constituency)|The Cotswolds]]


|postcode_district = GL55

|postcode_area= GL


|os_grid_reference= SP155395



'''Chipping Campden''' is a small [[market town]] in the [[Cotswold (district)|Cotswold district]] of [[Gloucestershire]], England. It is notable for its elegant terraced High Street, dating from the 14th century to the 17th century. ("Chipping" is from [[Old English]] ''cēping'', "a market, a market-place"; the same element is found in other towns such as [[Chipping Norton]], [[Chipping Sodbury]] and Chipping (now High) [[High Wycombe|Wycombe]].<ref>A.D. Mills, ''Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names'' (Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 83.</ref>)

[[File:Old Market Hall, Chipping Campden - geograph.org.uk - 138692.jpg|thumb|left|Chipping Campden Market Hall]]

A rich [[wool]] trading centre in the [[Middle Ages]], Chipping Campden enjoyed the [[patronage]] of wealthy [[wool]] [[merchant]]s (see also [[wool church]]). Today it is a popular [[Cotswold]] tourist destination with old [[Public house#Inns|inn]]s, hotels, specialist shops and restaurants. The High Street is lined with honey-coloured [[limestone]] buildings, built from the mellow locally [[quarry|quarried]] oolitic limestone known as [[Cotswold stone]], and boasts a wealth of fine [[vernacular architecture]]. At its centre stands the Market Hall with its splendid arches, built in 1627.

Other attractions include the grand [[gothic architecture|early perpendicular]] [[wool church]] of [[St. James' Church, Chipping Campden|St James]] – with its [[Middle Ages|medieval]] [[Altar cloth#Christian altar linens|altar frontals]] (c.1500), [[cope]] (c.1400) and vast and extravagant 17th-century [[church monument|monuments]] to local wealthy silk merchant Sir [[Baptist Hicks]] and his family – the [[Almshouse]]s and [[Woolstaplers Hall]]. The Court Barn near the church is now a museum celebrating the rich [[Arts and Crafts movement|Arts and Crafts]] tradition of the area (see below). Hicks was also responsible for Campden House, which was destroyed by fire during the [[English Civil War]] possibly to prevent it falling into the hands of the [[Roundhead|Parliamentarians]]. All that now remains of Hicks' once imposing estate are two gatehouses, two [[Jacobean architecture|Jacobean]] banqueting houses, restored by the [[Landmark Trust]] and Lady Juliana's gateway. Hicks' descendants still live at the Court House attached to the site.<ref name = Times>[http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/travel/destinations/england/article742158.ece Cream of the Cotswolds at Times Online]</ref>

There are two famous and historic gardens nearby: at [[Hidcote Manor Garden]], owned and managed by the [[National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty|National Trust]], and at [[Kiftsgate]], in private ownership but open to the public. Two miles to the west, in the grounds of Weston Park near Saintbury, are the earthwork remains of a motte-and-bailey castle.

The town has hosted its own Olimpick Games since 1612. The [[2012 Summer Olympics torch relay|Olympic torch]] passed through Chipping Campden on 1 July 2012.<ref name = Olympic>[http://www.london2012.com/olympic-torch-relay-map Olympic Torch Relay Map]</ref>

[[File:East Banqueting StJames Chipping Campden.jpg|thumb|East Banqueting House and St James at Chipping Campden.]]


The town falls in 'Campden-Vale' [[Wards and electoral divisions of the United Kingdom|electoral ward]]. This ward stretches north from ''Chipping Campden'' to [[Mickleton, Gloucestershire|Mickleton]]. The total ward population taken at the [[United Kingdom Census 2011|2011 census]] was 5,888.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ukcensusdata.com/campden-vale-e05004313#sthash.dP7C3XxM.dpbs|title=Campden-Vale ward 2011.Retrieved 22 March 2015}}</ref>


[[File:Site of Chipping Campden Station. - geograph.org.uk - 235186.jpg|thumb|The currently closed [[Chipping Campden railway station]].]]

There are proposals for new stations at [[Withington, Herefordshire|Withington]] and Chipping Campden on the [[Cotswold Line]]. A long-standing proposal for a new station at {{rws|Worcester (Norton) Parkway}} where the line crosses the [[Birmingham and Bristol Railway]] has now substantial funding. It is anticipated that the proposal will go to the Planning stage early 2015. The plans and proposals are now available on Worcestershire County Council website and the public consultation period has begun.<ref>[http://www.worcestershire.gov.uk/cms/pdf/2014-09-23%20Leaflet.pdf]</ref>

==Cotswold Games==

{{Main|Cotswold Olimpick Games}}

Since the early seventeenth century the town has been home to a championship of rural games, which later turned into [[Robert Dover (Cotswold Games)|Robert Dover]]'s [[Cotswold Olimpick Games]]. The Olimpicks are held every summer on the Friday evening following the late Spring Bank-holiday (usually late May or early June), on Dover's Hill, near Chipping Campden. Peculiar to the games is the sport of shin-kicking (hay stuffed down the trousers can ease one's brave passage to later rounds). To mark the end of the games, there is a huge bonfire and firework display. This is followed by a torch-lit procession back into the town and dancing to a local band in the square. The Scuttlebrook Wake takes place the following day. The locals don fancy dress costumes and follow the Scuttlebrook Queen, with her four attendants and Page Boy, in a procession to the centre of town pulled on a decorated dray by the town's own Morris Men. This is then followed by the presentation of prizes and displays of Maypole and Country dancing by the two primary schools and [[Morris dance|Morris dancing]]. Another procession from there past the fairground in Leysbourne and the Alms Houses brings that stage of the celebration to a close whilst the fair continues until mid-night and, like a ghost, is gone by the morning.


Since 2002 Chipping Campden has hosted what is now widely recognised as one of the UK's leading music festivals.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.campdenmusicfestival.co.uk/ |title=Chipping Campden Annual Music Festival |publisher=Campdenmusicfestival.co.uk |date= |accessdate=21 May 2014}}</ref>

==Arts and Crafts movement==

In the early 20th century, the town became known as a centre for the Cotswold [[Arts and Crafts Movement]], following the move of [[Charles Robert Ashbee]] with the members of his Guild and School of Handicraft from the [[East End of London]] in 1902. The Guild of Handicraft specialised in metalworking, producing jewellery and enamels, as well as hand-wrought copper and wrought ironwork, and furniture-making. A number of artists and writers settled in the area, including [[F. L. Griggs]], the etcher, who built Dover's Court, (Now known as New Dover's House) one of the last significant Arts and Crafts houses, and set up the Campden Trust with [[Norman Jewson]] and others, initially to protect Dover's Hill from development. [[H. J. Massingham]], the rural writer who celebrated the traditions of the English countryside, also settled near the town. [[Ananda Coomaraswamy]], the Sri Lankan philosopher and art critic and the hand loom weaver [[Ethel Mairet|Ethel Coomaraswamy]], settled at [[Broad Campden]] where Ashbee adapted the [[Norman architecture|Norman]] chapel for him.<ref>[http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-126059-norman-chapel-house-chipping-campden-glo Norman Chapel House], British Listed Buildings, Retrieved 21 October 2015</ref>

== Notable people ==

*[[Graham Greene]] the prolific English novelist, playwright, short story writer and critic lived, between 1931 to 1933,<ref>[http://www.campdencottages.co.uk/properties/little_orchard.htm] Campden Cottages web site</ref> with his wife [[Vivien Greene|Vivien]] at "Little Orchard" in the town.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2003/aug/23/guardianobituaries1 Vivien Greene Obituary] [[The Guardian]] 23 August 2003</ref>

*[[Ernest Henry Wilson|Ernest Wilson]], plantsman, was born in the town.

*Sir [[Percy Hobart]], armoured vehicle strategist and commander of the 79th Armoured Division in the [[Second World War]], came from Chipping Campden and led the [[Home Guard (United Kingdom)|Home Guard]] there during the war.

==See also==

* [[The Campden Wonder]]

* [[Chipping Campden School]]

* [http://www.chippingcampdenonline.org Chipping Campden Online: Chipping Campden's Official Website]



==External links==

*[http://www.chippingcampdenonline.org Chipping Campden's Official Website]

*[http://www.chippingcampdenmorrismen.org.uk Campden Morris Men]

*[http://www.stjameschurchcampden.co.uk Chipping Campden Parish Church of St. James (CofE)]

*[http://www.chippingcampdenbaptistchurch.org.uk Chipping Campden Baptist Church]

*[http://www.cotswoldmedia.co.uk/campden Chipping Campden Town Guide]

*{{cite EB1911 |wstitle=Chipping Campden |volume=6 |page=238|short=1}}

{{Commons category|Chipping Campden}}

{{Wikivoyage|Chipping Campden}}

{{Cotswold Way|[[Broadway, Worcestershire|Broadway]]|-|9 km (6 miles)||}}

[[Category:Towns in Gloucestershire]]

[[Category:Cotswold (district)]]



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