2012-05-28

May 28,2012

Decision-Day for Jomo, Malaysia’s Nominee for ILO Director-General

Here is Dr. Jomo’s Letter which explains why he chose to be a candidate for the Post of Director-General, International Labour Organisation, based in Geneva, Switzerland. Please also read his resume, which merely confirms that on merit, he will likely get the job. The ILO Board meets today. Good Luck, Dr. Jomo from all of us in Malaysia.–Din Merican

“…there is one candidate who is most likely to try to harness the ILO’s potential to challenge the devastating economic policies that have caused so much unnecessary unemployment and suffering in the past four years. That is Jomo Kwame Sundaram of Malaysia, the only Asian candidate.

He is the Harvard-trained chief economist at the United Nations, also responsible for its technical cooperation programs. Reputedly behind the 2009 Stiglitz Commission report (pdf) on the crisis, Jomo has shown clear understanding not only of the causes of the current economic crisis, but also of the failure of the relevant government and international institutions to bring us out of it. He would also expose the fallacies of the labor market liberalization policies currently being touted as the solution. His track record indicates that he would provide the necessary leadership at the ILO.–Mark Weisbrot, Co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, in Washington, DC and President of Just Foreign Policy.(May 25, 2012)

Dr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram: For a stronger ILO, for a better world

May 2012



I want to take this opportunity to thank you for taking time to share many valuable insights, enriching my understanding and strengthening my ability to provide the leadership that you demand and that the Office requires.

Having sought your counsel over the last six months, before, during and after the Hearings in late March, I am more convinced than ever that the ILO has the unique capacity – and obligation – to mobilize for – and lead – the strong, sustained and inclusive global economic recovery – which my candidacy alone prioritizes.

The current situation in the world, and the grim prospects for the near term, oblige the ILO to prioritize working for a robust recovery for all – together with other international organizations and governments. This is not only a noble, but also a necessary goal. Due to the ILO’s unique tripartite nature, no other multilateral institution can be so committed to fostering recovery of the real economy and to creating jobs.

The ILO’s unique tripartism, with equal and independent social partners, presents distinctive challenges of its own. But by working together for recovery, we will unite – and strengthen – the house itself. And while this must necessarily be a ‘unity in diversity’ – not only because of the ILO’s tripartite nature, but also because of the variety of national circumstances represented in the house: advanced post-industrial economies as well as emerging economies from the developing world and countries in transition – this provides a ‘unity of purpose’.

For tripartism to be meaningful, the new Director General must continue to enjoy support from – and be responsive to – all stakeholders. Managing diversity and differences as well as building consensus must be the hallmarks of effective leadership in this unique organization.

Director General Somavia has successfully raised the global profile of the ILO by mobilizing moral support for laudable initiatives such as ‘decent work’, ‘fair globalization’, the ‘global jobs pact’ and ‘social protection floor’. Yet, much remains to be done to realize these noble objectives, particularly at the national level.

Hence, my second commitment – to broadening and deepening the realization of ILO norms – is partly about translating lofty principles into reality. The Office can and must do much more to support stakeholders in implementing relevant ILO standards and achieving these goals.

Not with a ‘one size fits all’ approach, but by learning from the latest appropriate, rigorous, objective and cutting-edge analysis of past experiences. We must ensure that the knowledge we gain and advance will more usefully and effectively support all major stakeholders.

Recent developments will reduce resources for the Office at a time when the world needs the ILO more than ever in these difficult times. I am committed to ensuring that the Office does more, not less, with the resources and talent it has. Office reform – including streamlining and rationalization as well as innovation and reprioritization – will be important for this effort. While I am no micro-manager, leadership attention will be crucial for success.

This means we must be more cost effective and relevant to stakeholder needs to ‘do more with less’, to rebuild still-relevant ‘traditional strengths’ and to refocus on ‘bread and butter’ concerns. As we rise to this challenge, I am confident that financial, including extra-budgetary resources will rise again as the ILO demonstrates relevance and progress.

Hence, my third commitment: to reform the Office. As the Office is reorganized to become a model of industrial harmony, staff will work more effectively, with greater motivation. If we cannot put our own house in order, our advocacy and other work will have less credibility and, consequently, success.

For the ILO to lead in building a broad alliance for a strong, sustained and inclusive economic recovery, and to more effectively serve ILO core objectives and stakeholders, its substantive and analytical work must also be much more coherent, robust and innovative.

Similarly, operational activities, including advisory services and technical cooperation, must be needs-driven, responsive and strengthened. In this regard, rationalization, streamlining and devolution of the Office functions, along with other needed and appropriate organizational reforms, should reflect stakeholder needs and priorities.

You all know the challenges for – and the potential of – the ILO. You are seeking a Director General with the right qualifications, attitude and motivation. With your support, we will rise together to the challenge.

Curriculum Vitae March 2012

Jomo Kwame Sundaram has been Assistant Secretary General for Economic Development in the United Nations’ Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) since January 2005, and (Honorary) Research Coordinator for the G24 Intergovernmental Group on International Monetary Affairs and Development since December 2006. In 2007, he was awarded the Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought. He has authored or edited over a hundred books and translated 12 volumes besides writing many academic papers and articles for the media.

Jomo was Professor in the Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya until November 2004, Founder Director (1978-2004) of the Institute of Social Analysis (INSAN) and Founder Chair (2001-2004) of IDEAs, International Development Economics Associates (www.ideaswebsite.org) where he now serves on the Advisory Panel. He was also on the Board of the United Nations Research Institute on Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva (2002-4). He is on the editorial boards of several learned journals. During 2008-2009, he served as adviser to the President of the 63rd United Nations General Assembly, and as a member of the [Stiglitz] Commission of Experts of the President of the United Nations General Assembly on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System.

Born in Penang, Malaysia, in 1952, Jomo studied at the Penang Free School (PFS, 1964-1966), Royal Military College (RMC, 1967-1970), Yale (1970-1973) and Harvard (1973-1977). He has taught at Science University of Malaysia (USM, 1974), Harvard (1974-1975), Yale (1977), National University of Malaysia (UKM, 1977-1982), University of Malaya (1982-2004), and Cornell (1993). He has also been a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University (1987-1988; 1991-1992) and a Senior Research Fellow at the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore (2004).

Some of his authored or edited book publications include Malaysia’s Political Economy, Tigers in Trouble, Rents, Rent-Seeking and Economic Development: Theory and the Asian Evidence, Malaysian Eclipse: Economic Crisis and Recovery, Globalization Versus Development: Heterodox Perspectives, Southeast Asia’s Industrialization, Ugly Malaysians? South-South Investments Abused, Southeast Asian Paper Tigers? Behind Miracle and Debacle, Manufacturing Competitiveness: How Internationally Competitive National Firms And Industries Developed In East Asia, Ethnic Business? Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia, Deforesting Malaysia: The Political Economy of Agricultural Expansion and Commercial Logging, M Way: Mahathir’s Economic Policy Legacy, After The Storm: Crisis, Recovery and Sustaining Development in East Asia, Bail-Outs? Capital Controls, Restructuring & Recovery in Malaysia, The Origins of Development Economics, Pioneers of Development Economics, The New Development Economics, the two volumes of The Long Twentieth Century — Globalization Under Hegemony: The Changing World Economy and The Great Divergence: Hegemony, Uneven Development and Global Inequality, Malaysian Industrial Policy, Policy Matters: Economic And Social Policies To Sustain Equitable Development, Flat World, Big Gaps: Economic Liberalization, Globalization, Poverty and Inequality,, Growth Divergences: Explaining Differences in Economic Performance, Towards Full and Decent Employment, Reforming the International Financial System for Development, Poor Poverty: The Impoverishment of Analysis, Measurement and Policies, Is Good Governance Good for Development? and Globalization and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

He is married to Noelle Rodriguez and has three children, Nadia (born 1987), Emil (born 1989) and Leal (born 1990).

EDUCATION

Westlands Primary School (MSSEE), 1959-1963.

Penang Free School (Lower Certificate of Education), 1964-1966.

Royal Military College (School Certificate, Malaysian Certificate of Education [O levels], 1968; Higher School Certificate [A levels], 1969), 1967-1970.

Yale University (BA cum laude), 1970-1973.

Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government (MPA), 1973-1974.

Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (PhD, 1978), 1974-1977.

EMPLOYMENT

Science University of Malaysia, 1974 (Temporary Lecturer);

Harvard University, 1974-1975 (Teaching Fellow, Economics Department);

Harvard University, 1974-1975 (Instructor, Kennedy Institute of Politics);

Harvard University, 1975 (Teaching Fellow, Social Studies Program);

National University of Malaysia (UKM), 1977-1982 (Lecturer; Associate Professor from 1981)

University of Malaya, July 1982-November 2004 (Associate Professor 1982-1986; Professor 1986-1989; 1991-2004)

Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New York, January 2005-June 2012.Also:

Yale College, Fall 1977 (Visiting Instructor)

Cornell University, Fall 1993 (Fulbright Visiting Professor)

National University of Singapore, July 2004-January 2005 (Visiting Senior Research Fellow)

G-24 Intergovernmental Group on International Monetary Affairs and Development, December 2006- (Research Coordinator pro bono)

AWARDS, HONOURS

Royal Military College Scholarship. 1967-70.

Malaysian National Delegate to World Youth Forum, 1970.

Putra Foundation Travel Award, 1970.

Lee Foundation Travel Award, 1970.

Yale College Full Scholarship, 1970-1973.

U.S. National Science Foundation Summer Research Award, 1972.

Population Council Honorary Fellow, 1973-1974.

Harvard Center for Population Studies Fellowship, 1973-1976.

Ford Foundation Award, 1974-1976.

Harvard Yenching Scholarship, 1976-1977.

Southeast Asia Population Research Awards Program (SEAPRAP) Award, 1976-1977.

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Faculty of Economics and Management Development Studies Fund Award, 1977-1978.

Commonwealth Academic Staff Fellowship (Visiting Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge), 1987-1988.

British Academy Visiting Professor, 1991.

Kuok Foundation sabbatical research award (Visitor, Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge), 1991-1992.

British High Commissioner’s Award, 1991-1992.

Fulbright Asian Scholar-in-Residence Award (Cornell University), 1993.

Abe Fellowship (South Africa, Brazil), 1994-1995.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, India and Sri Lanka, 1996.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, Africa, 1997.

Speaker, World Economic Forum, Melbourne, 2000.

Keynote Speaker, Social Development Summit, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva, 2000.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, Mexico, Brazil, 2001.

Speaker, World Economic Forum, Hong Kong, 2001.

Asian Public Intellectuals (API) Senior Fellowship, Japan, Southeast Asia, 2001-2002.

Speaker, World Economic Forum, New York, 2002.

Speaker, World Economic Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 2002.

Speaker, World Economic Forum, Davos, 2003.

Asia in the New Millennium: First Ishak Shari Memorial Lecture, 2002

International Institute of Asian Studies Lecture, Amsterdam, 2002.

Sir Patrick Gillam Lecture, London School of Economics, London, 28 November 2005.

W. F. Wertheim Memorial Lecture, Amsterdam, 2007.

Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought, 2007.

Keynote Speaker, International Poverty Forum, Beijing, 2009, 2010, 2011.

First Yusif A. Sayigh Development Lecture, Bir Zeit University, 10 November 2009.

Association of South East Asian Studies in the United Kingdom (ASEASUK) Lecture with the British Academy, London, 27 November 2009.

Keynote Lecture, Malaysian Studies Convention, Penang, 18 March 2010.

Association of Asian Studies Keynote Lecture, Philadelphia, 25 March 2010.

Second Hans Singer Memorial Lecture, University of Sussex, October 2010.

Keynote Speaker, Global Policy Forum, Yaroslavl, 2011.

Keynote Speaker, World Public Forum, Rhodos, 2011.

Allama Iqbal Lecture, Islamabad, December 2011.

Honorary doctorate, Murdoch University, 2012.

Malaysian National Delegate to World Youth Forum. 1970.

Putra Foundation Travel Award. 1970.

Lee Foundation Travel Award. 1970.

Yale College Full Scholarship. 1970-73.

U.S. National Science Foundation Summer Research Award.1972.\

Population Council Honorary Fellow. 1973-74.

Harvard Center for Population Studies Fellowship. 1973-76.

Ford Foundation Award. 1974-76.

Harvard Yenching Scholarship. 1976-77.

Southeast Asia Population Research Awards Program (SEAPRAP) Award. 1976-77.

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Faculty of Economics and Management Development Studies Fund Award. 1977-78.

Commonwealth Academic Staff Fellowship (Visiting Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge). 1987-88.

British Academy Visiting Professor. 1991.

Kuok Foundation sabbatical research award (Visitor, Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge). 1991-92.

British High Commissioner’s Award. 1991-92.

Fulbright Asian Scholar-in-Residence Award (Cornell University). 1993.

Abe Fellowship (South Africa, Brazil). 1994-95.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, India and Sri Lanka. 1996.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, Africa. 1997.

Keynote Speaker, Social Development Summit, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva. 2000.

SEPHIS Lecture Tour, Mexico, Brazil. 2001.

Asian Public Intellectuals (API) Senior Fellowship, Japan, Southeast Asia. 2001-02.

Asia in the New Millenium: First Ishak Shari Memorial Lecture, 2002

International Institute of Asian Studies Lecture, Amsterdam, 2002.

Sir Patrick Gillam Lecture, London School of Economics, London, 28 November 2005.

W. F. Wertheim Memorial Lecture, Amsterdam, 2007.

Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought, 2007.

Keynote Speaker, International Poverty Forum, Beijing, 2009, 2010, 2011.

First Yusif A. Sayigh Development Lecture, Bir Zeit University, 10 November 2009.

Association of South East Asian Studies in the United Kingdom (ASEASUK) Lecture with the British Academy, London, 27 November 2009.

Keynote Lecture, Malaysian Studies Convention, Penang, 18 March 2010.

Association of Asian Studies Keynote Lecture, Philadelphia, 25 March 2010.

Second Hans Singer Memorial Lecture, University of Sussex, October 2010.

Keynote Speaker, Global Policy Forum, Yaroslavl, 2011.

Keynote Speaker, World Public Forum, Rhodos, 2011.

Allama Iqbal Lecture, Islamabad, December 2011.

Honorary doctorate, Murdoch University, 2012.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

Research Assistant, Economic Growth Center, Yale University, 1971.

Research Assistant in South America, Economic Growth Center, Yale University, 1973.

Temporary Lecturer, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia.1974.

Teaching Fellow, Economics Department, Harvard University, 1974-1975.

Teaching Fellow, Social Studies Department, Harvard University, 1974-1976.

Seminar Instructor, Institute of Politics, Harvard University, 1974-1975.

Visiting Lecturer, Yale College, 1977.

Consultant, United Nations, New York, 1981-1984.

Editorial Board, Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia), 1982-2004.

Expert Consultant, International Labour Organization (ILO), 1983-1986, 1991, 1996.

Expert Consultant, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), 1984, 1992, 1994-1995.

Head, Development Studies, Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, 1987-2004.

Visiting Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, 1987-1988.

Expert Consultant, World Institute of Development Economic Research (WIDER), United Nations University, 1988-1991, 1997, 2001-2002.

Member, National Economic Consultative Council (NECC), 1989-1990.

Expert Consultant, International Labour Organization Asian Regional Team for Employment Promotion (ILO-ARTEP), 1991.

Visitor, Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge, 1991-1992.

Expert Consultant, Institute of South East Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, 1991-1992.

Fellow, Malaysian Institute of Economic Research (MIER), 1992-1994.

Expert Consultant, Asia Pacific Development Centre (APDC), 1992-1993.

Expert Consultant, World Bank, 1993-1997, 1999-2000.

Visiting Professor, Cornell University (Southeast Asia Program and Johnson School of Management), Fall 1993.]

Social Science Research Council (SSRC) and American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Joint Committee on Southeast Asia, 1993-1996.

Life Member, Society for International Development, 1993-.

Council of the Journal, Alternatives Sud (Tricontinental Centre, Brussels), 1993-2004.

International Advisory Board, South East Asia Research (School of Oriental and African Studies, London), 1994-2003.

Editorial Board, Journal of Asia-Pacific Economy, 1994-2009.]

Editorial Board, Links (Sydney), 1994-2000.

Steering Committee, South-South Exchange Programme for Research on the History of Development (SEPHIS), 1994-2003.

Consultant, Faculty of Development Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 1994-2004.

External Assessor, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, 1994-2004.

Visiting Fellow, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, 1995-1997.

Visiting Fellow, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1995-1997.

Evaluation Committee, Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 1995-1996.

Expert Consultant, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, 1995-1997, 2002.

Visiting Fellow, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo, 1995.

Expert Consultant, Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID), 1996-1997.

Social Science Research Council (SSRC) Regional Advisory Panel on Southeast Asia, 1997-2000.

Expert Consultant, Thai Development Research Institute (TDRI), Bangkok, 1998-2000.

Expert Consultant, G-24 (Intergovernmental Group on International Monetary Affairs and Development), Lima, Peru; UNCTAD, Geneva, 1999, 2002-2003.

Expert Consultant, Centre for Development and Entrepreneurship, Johannesburg, 1999.

Expert Consultant, East-West Center, Honolulu, 1999.

Expert Consultant, Institute for Development Studies, Sussex, 1999.

Expert Consultant, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo, 1999.

Editorial Board, African Journal of Business & Economic Research, 1999-2004.

Editorial Board, African Journal of Development Studies, 1999-2004.

Editorial Board, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 1999-2004.

Editorial Board, Journal of East Asian Studies 2000-2004.

Expert Consultant, OECD Development Centre, Paris, 1999-2002.

Regional Research Partner, Centre on Regulation and Competition at the Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 2001.

Founder Chair, International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs), 2001-2004.

Advisory Board, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), 2002-2004, 2005- (ex officio).

Advisory Board, Institute for Policy Dialogue (IPD), Columbia University, 2002-2004.

Expert Consultant, Institute of Developing Economies, Tokyo, 2002.

Editorial Board, Asian Business and Management, 2002-2004.

Advisory Board, Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, 2002-2004.

Editorial Advisory Board, The American Asian Review, 2002-2004.

Advisory Panel, Human Development Report, 2003 (United Nations Development Program), 2002-2003.

Advisory Board, Asia-Pacific Development Journal (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok), 2002-

International Advisory Panel, Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, 2002-

Advisory Committee on Economics and Policy, Times Academic Publishing, 2002-2004.

International Advisory Committee, Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003-2004.

International Selection Committee, Asian Public Intellectuals (API) Fellowship Program, 2003-2004.

Editorial Board, International Journal of Asian Studies (Cambridge University Press for Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo), 2003-2008.

Editorial Advisory Board, Southeast Asian Studies Book Series, University of Wisconsin Press & UW Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 2004.

International Adjunct Faculty, Master of Arts in International Development Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 2004.

Board, Feminist Economics, 2007-

Board, Review of Keynesian Economics, 2012-

BOOK PUBLICATIONS

Authored Monographs

Development and Population: Critique of Existing Theories. Population Studies Unit, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1982 (66pp + ii).

Apakah Dasar Ekonomi Baru Dapat Mencapai Perpaduan Kebangsaan?(Can the New Economic Policy Achieve National Unity?) (with Ishak Shari). Institute of Social Analysis (INSAN), Kuala Lumpur, 2nd edition, 1985 (1st edition, 1983) (44pp + ii).

Masalah Sosio-Ekonomi Malaysia(Malaysian Socio-Economic Problems) (with Ishak Shari). INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1983 (200pp + viii).

Tapi Jepun Ada di Utara (But Japan Is Up North) (with Mohd. Nasir Hashim). INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1984 (48pp.).

Early Labour: Children at Work on Malaysian Plantations (with Josie Zaini, P. Ramasamy and Sumathy Suppiah). INSAN and the Anti-Slavery Society for the Protection of Human Rights, London, 1984 (52pp + iv).

Dasar-dasar Ekonomi Mahathir(Mahathir’s Economic Policies) (with others). INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 4th edition, 1989 (3rd edition, 1987; 2nd edition, 1986; 1st edition, 1985), (149pp + xx).

A Question of Class: Capital, the State and Uneven Development in Malaya. Oxford University Press, Singapore, 1986 (paperback edition, Monthly Review Press, New York & Journal of Contemporary Asia Publishers, Manila, 1988), (360pp + xxiii).

Development Policies and Income Inequality in Peninsular Malaysia(with Ishak Shari). Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1986 (109pp + xii).

Teori Pembangunan Ekonomi(Economic Development Theory), (with Shamsulbahriah Ku Ahmad). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1986 (126pp + viii); expanded edition, Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2004 (95pp + vi).

Mahathir’s Economic Policies (with others). INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 2nd edition, 1989 (1st edition, 1987), (147pp + iv).

Pembangunan Ekonomi dan Kelas Sosial di Semenanjung Malaysia (Economic Development and Social Class in Peninsular Malaysia). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1988 (409pp + xviii).

Memahami Statistik Ekonomi STPM (Understanding ‘A’ Level Economic Statistics), (with Ishak Shari). Fajar Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 1988 (164pp + viii). revised edition: Statistik Ekonomi, Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2005.

Ekonomi STPM: Makroekonomi (‘A’ Level Macroeconomics) (with Ishak Shari). Fajar Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 1991 (361pp + viii); incorporating Memahami Makroekonomi STPM (Understanding ‘A’ Level Macroeconomics) (with Ishak Shari), Fajar Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 1988 (476pp + xii); revised edition Makroekonomi (with Roza Hazli Zakaria), Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2003 (538pp + x).

Ekonomi STPM: Pengenalan dan Mikroekonomi (‘A’ Level Economics: Introduction and Microeconomics) (with Ishak Shari). Fajar Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 1991 (396pp + ix); incorporating Memahami Mikroekonomi STPM (Understanding ‘A’ Level Microeconomics), (with Ishak Shari), Fajar Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 1988 (356pp + x); revised edition: Mikroekonomi, (with Rokiah Alavi), Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2003 (457pp + ix).

Beyond 1990: Considerations for a New National Development Strategy.Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1989 (113pp + xiv).

Memahami Ekonomi Malaysia STPM (The Malaysian Economy for ‘A’ Level) (with Ishak Shari). Fajar Bakti, 1990 (304pp + viii); revised edition: Ekonomi Malaysia, Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2005.

Beyond the New Economic Policy? Malaysia in the Nineties. The Sixth James C. Jackson Memorial Lecture, Malaysia Society, Asian Studies Association of Australia, Cairns, Australia, 1990 (34pp + ii).

Growth and Structural Change in the Malaysian Economy.Macmillan, London & St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1990 (262pp + xxii).

Masyarakat Malaysia: Cabaran Sosio-ekonomi (Malaysian Society: Socio-economic Challenges). INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1991 (122pp + vi); excerpts translated into Chinese and published in Taipeh, Taiwan.

Fishing For Trouble: Malaysian Fisheries, Sustainable Development and Inequality.Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1991 (90pp + xii).

Malaysia: Pembangunan, Ketidaksamaan, Perpaduan (Malaysia: Development, Inequality, Unity). Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1992 (162pp + xii)

Pertumbuhan dan Kemelesetan Ekonomi Malaysia Pada Tahun 1980an (Malaysian Economic Growth and Recession in the 1980s). Faculty of Economics and Administration Monograph No. 7, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1993 (134pp + xix).

The Way Forward? The Political Economy of Development Policy Reform in Malaysia.Inaugural Professorial Lecture, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1993 (38pp + ii).

Malay Peasant Women and The Land (with Maila Stivens, Cecilia Ng and Jahara Bee), Zed Books, London, for International Labour Office, Geneva, 1994 (122pp + xii).

Trade Unions and the State in Peninsular Malaysia (with Patricia Todd), Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1994 (192pp + xiv).

U-Turn? Malaysian Economic Development Policies After 1990,Centre for East and Southeast Asian Studies, James Cook University of North Queensland, Townsville, 1994 (119pp + xiv).

Southeast Asia’s Misunderstood Miracle: Industrial Policy and Economic Development in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia (with Chen Yun Chung, Brian C. Folk, Irfan ul-Haque, Pasuk Phongpaichit, Batara Simatupang, Mayuri Tateishi), Westview, Boulder, 1997 (196pp + xiv).

Malaysia’s Political Economy: Politics, Patronage and Profits (with E.T. Gomez), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997 (207pp + xix); revised edition, 1999 (228pp + xix).

Economic Considerations for a Renewed Nationalism,SEPHIS-CODESRIA Lecture No. 2, 1998 (47pp.).

Economic Diversification and Primary Commodity Processing in the Second-tier Southeast Asian Newly Industrializing Countries (with Michael Rock). UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), Discussion Paper No. 136, Geneva, June 1998 (41pp.).

Malaysian Eclipse: Economic Crisis and Recovery,Zed Books, London, 2001 (321pp + xlii).

Growth After The Asian Crisis: What Remains Of The East Asian Model?Harvard Center for International Development and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development G-24 Discussion Paper No. 10, Geneva and Cambridge, March 2001 (61pp).

Mikroekonomi(Microeconomics), (with Ishak Shari; updated by Rokiah Alavi), Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2003. (457pp + ix).

Makroekonomi(Macroeconomics), (with Ishak Shari; updated by Roza Hazli Zakaria), Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2003. (538 pp + x).

Globalization, Liberalization and Equitable Development: Lessons from East Asia.Overarching Concerns Paper No. 3, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva, July 2003 (34pp).

The New Economic Policy and Inter-ethnic Relations in Malaysia.Identities, Conflict and Cohesion Programme Paper Number 7, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva, September 2004 (22pp + vii). Reprinted in Joshua Castellino [ed.] (2011). Global Minority Rights. Ashgate, Farnham, UK: 239-268.

Deforesting Malaysia: The Political Economy and Social Ecology of Agricultural Expansion and Commercial Logging(with Chang Y. T. , Khoo K. J. and others). Zed Books, London, 2004 (253pp + xxi).

Capital management techniques in developing countries: An assessment of experiences from the 1990s and lessons for the future (with Gerald Epstein and Ilene Grabel). G-24 Discussion Paper no. 27, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, March 2004 (34pp + ix).

M Way: Mahathir’s Economic Legacy.Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 2004 (248pp + vi).

Affirmative Action: International Experiences & Lessons for FijiConstitution Matters Lecture, Suva, Fiji, 2004.

Malaysian Bail-Outs? Capital Controls, Restructuring & Recovery in Malaysia(with Wong Sook Ching and Chin Kok Fay). Singapore University Press, Singapore, 2005 (349pp + lvi).

Law, Institutions and Malaysian Economic Development (with Wong Sau Ngan). National University of Singapore Press, Singapore, 2008. (285pp + xii).

Warisan Ekonomi Mahathir. Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2010 (266pp + vii).

Labour Market Segmentation in Malaysian Services(with H. L. Khong). National University of Singapore Press, Singapore, 2010 (193pp + xiv).

Globalization and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa (with Oliver Schwank and Rudiger von Arnim). Bloomsbury Academic, London, in association with the United Nations, New York, 2013.

Edited Volumes

Development in the Eighties (with H. Osman Rani and Ishak Shari), Faculty of Economics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 1981 (309pp + viii).

The Fourth Malaysia Plan: Economic Perspectives (with R.J.G. Wells), Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1983 (185pp + vi).

The Malaysian Economy and Finance (with Sritua Arief), Rosecons, East Balmain, New South Wales, Australia, for the Southeast Asia Research and Development Institute (SARDI), 1983 (346pp + viii).

The Sun Also Sets: Lessons in ‘Looking East’,INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 2nd edition, 1985 (1st edition, 1983), (338pp + xv).

Malaysia’s New Economic Policies: Evaluations of the Mid-term Review of the Fourth Malaysia Plan,Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1985 (93pp + xviii)

ASEAN Economies: Crisis and Response, Malaysian Economic Association for the Federation of ASEAN Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1985 (280pp + vi).

Crisis and Response in the Malaysian Economy (with Khong How Ling & Shamsulbahriah Ku Ahmad), Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1987 (239pp + xv).

Pembangunan di Malaysia: Perencanaan, Perlaksanaan dan Prestasi (Development in Malaysia: Planning, Implementation and Performance), (with 3 others), Malaysian Social Science Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1987 (546pp + xi).

Undermining Tin: The End of Malaysian Pre-eminence,Transnational Corporations Research Project, University of Sydney, Sydney, 1990 (99pp + x).

Child Labour in Malaysia, Forum for Labour Studies Programme, Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1992 (179pp + xii).

Islamic Economic Alternatives: Critical Perspectives and New Directions, Macmillan, London, 1992 (196pp + x).

Suria Terbenam Jua: Ajaran ‘Pandang Ke Timur’ (The Sun Also Sets: Lessons in ‘Looking East’), (with Rosli Omar), Institute for Social Analysis (INSAN), 1992 (414pp + xiii).

Industrialising Malaysia: Performance, Problems, Prospects, Routledge, London, 1993 (354pp + xvi).

Malaysia’s Economy in the Nineties, special double issue of Journal of Economic Cooperation among Islamic CountriesVol. 13, nos. 3-4, Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries, Organization of the Islamic Conference, Ankara, July-October 1992; Expanded Malaysian edition, published by Pelanduk Publications, Petaling Jaya, 1994 (294pp + xv).

Japan and Malaysian Development: In the Shadow of the Rising Sun, Routledge, London, 1994 (374pp + ix).

Privatizing Malaysia: Rents, Rhetoric, Realities, Westview Press, Boulder and London, 1995 (281pp + xvii).

Riwayat Hidupku, by Khatijah Sidek, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 1995 (190pp.); translated from My Life, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 2001.

Malaysia’s Economic Development: Policy & Reform (with Ng Suew Kiat), Pelanduk Publications, Petaling Jaya, for Malaysian Institute of Economic Research (MIER), Kuala Lumpur, 1996 (476pp + xix).

Capital, the State and Late Industrialization in East Asia (with John Borrego and Alejandro Alvarez Bejar), Westview, Boulder, 1996 (261pp + ix).

Alternatif Ekonomi Islam: Perspektif Kritis Serta Haluan Baru (Islamic Economic Alternatives: Critical Perspectives and New Directions). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1996 (283pp + xxii).

Tigers in Trouble: Financial Governance, Liberalisation and Crises in East , Zed Books, London, 1998 (256pp + xvi).

James Puthucheary: No Cowardly Past – Writings, Poems, Commentaries (with Dominic Puthucheary), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1998 (227pp + ix).

Industrial Policy in East Asia (with Tan Kock Wah), Penerbit Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1999 (310pp + xii).

Technology, Competitiveness and the State: Malaysia’s Industrial Technology Policies (with Greg Felker), Routledge, London, 1999 (271pp + xii).

Industrial Technology Development in Malaysia: Industry and Firm Studies (with Rajah Rasiah and Greg Felker), Routledge, London, 1999 (399pp + xiii).

Rethinking Malaysia: Malaysian Studies 1. Malaysian Social Science Association, Kuala Lumpur, 1999 (293pp + vii).

Rents, Rent-Seeking and Economic Development: Theory and the Asian Evidence (with Mushtaq Khan), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000 (338pp + xiv).

Comet In Our Sky: Lim Chin Siong In History (with Tan Jing Quee), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 2001 (170pp + xxii).

My Life: Memoirs of Khatijah Sidek, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2001 (174pp.).

Reinventing Malaysia: Reflections on Its Past and Future, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 2001 (160pp.).

Globalization Versus Development: Heterodox Perspectives (with Shyamala Nagaraj), Palgrave, Houndmills, 2001 (240pp + xxvii).

Southeast Asia’s Industrialization: Industrial Policy, Capabilities and Sustainability. Palgrave, Houndmills, 2001 (349pp + xviii).

Ugly Malaysians? South-South Investments Abused, Institute for Black Studies, Durban, 2002 (171pp + vii).

Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, June 2002. [Loh Wei Leng, ‘The Colonial State and Business: The Policy Environment in Malaya in the Inter-War Years’, pp 243-256; Peter Post, ‘The Kwik Hoo Tong Trading Society of Semarang, Java: A Chinese Business Network in Late Colonial Asia’, pp 279-96; Carl A. Trocki, ‘Opium and the Beginnings of Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia’. pp 297-314; Sikko Visscher, ‘Actors and Arenas, Elections and Competition: The 1958 Election of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce’, pp 315-32].

New Perspectives in Malaysian Studies (with Mohd Hazim Shah and Phua Kai Lit). Malaysian Social Science Association, Kuala Lumpur, 2003 (323pp).

Southeast Asia’s Paper Tigers: From Miracle To Debacle And Beyond. Routledge, London, 2003 (298pp + xviii); 2004 pb.

Manufacturing Competitiveness in Asia: How Internationally Competitive National Firms And Industries Developed In East AsiaRoutledgeCurzon, London, 2003 (217pp + xviii); 2006 pb.

Globalisation And Its Discontents, Revisited (with K. J. Khoo). Tulika, Delhi, 2003 (232pp + xvi).

Ethnic Business? Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia (with Brian Folk). RoutledgeCurzon, London, 2003 (247pp + xiii); 2005 pb.

After The Storm: Crisis, Recovery and Sustaining Development in East Asia. Singapore University Press, Singapore, 2004 (318pp + xii).

Malay Nationalism Before UMNO: The Memoirs of Mustapha Hussain(Translated by Insun Sony Mustapha). Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, with Singapore University Press, Singapore, 2005 (424pp + xxxii).

The Origins of Development Economics: How Schools of Economic Thought Have Addressed Development (with Erik Reinert). Zed Books, London, and Tulika, New Delhi, 2005 (165pp + xxiii). Published in Portuguese as As origens do desenvolvimento economico como as escolas do pensamento economico tem abordado o desenvolvimento. Globus Editora. Sao Paulo.

The Pioneers of Development Economics: Great Economists on Development, Zed Books, London, and Tulika, Delhi, 2005 (234pp + xvi).

The New Development Economics: After the Washington Consensus (with Ben Fine). Zed Books, London, and Tulika, New Delhi, 2006 (304 pp + xxiv).

The Long Twentieth Century — Globalization Under Hegemony: The Changing World EconomyOxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006 (311pp + xi).

The Long Twentieth Century — The Great Divergence: Hegemony, Uneven Development and Global Inequality. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006 (262pp + ix).

Malaysian Industrial Policy. Singapore University Press, Singapore, and University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 2007 (322pp + xxv).

Policy Matters: Economic and Social Policies To Sustain Equitable Development (with Jose Antonio Ocampo and Sarbuland Khan). United Nations Publications, New York, with Zed Books, London, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, and Third World Network, Penang, 2007 (285pp + xii).

Flat World, Big Gaps: Economic Liberalization, Globalization, Poverty and Inequality (with Jacques Baudot). United Nations Publications, New York, with Zed Books, London, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, and Third World Network, Penang, 2007 (416pp + xviii).

Growth Divergences: Explaining differences in economic performance (with Jose Antonio Ocampo and Robert Vos). United Nations Publications, New York, with Zed Books, London, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, and Third World Network, Penang, 2007 (369pp + xiv).

Towards full and decent employment (with Jose Antonio Ocampo). United Nations Publications, New York, with Zed Books, London, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, and Third World Network, Penang, 2007 (391pp + xx).

James Puthucheary: No Cowardly Past – Writings, Poems, (with Dominic Puthucheary), Expanded second edition, SIRD, Petaling Jaya, 2010 (265pp + xxv).

Reforming the International Financial System for Development: Lessons from the Current and Recent Crises in Developing Countries. G24 Intergovernmental Group on International Monetary Affairs and Development, Washington, DC, 2009 (295pp + xiv). Expanded second edition published as Reforming the International Financial System for Development. Columbia University Press, New York, 2011 (356pp + xxv).

Poor Poverty: The Impoverishment of Analysis, Measurement and Policies (with Anis Chowdhury). Bloomsbury Academic, London, in association with the United Nations, New York, 2011 (230pp + ix).

Is Good Governance Good for Development? (with Anis Chowdhury). Bloomsbury Academic, London, in association with the United Nations, New York, 2012.

Series/Book Editor

British Malaya: An Economic Analysis. Dun J. Li, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1982.

Mereka Yang Terbiar. Hasnul Hadi, Wira Karya, Melaka, 1982.

With The People: The Malaysian Student Movement, 1967-74. Eds Hassan Karim & Siti Nor Hamid, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1984.

Bersama Rakyat: Gerakan Mahasiswa Malaysia, 1967-74. Eds Hassan Karim & Siti Nor Hamid, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1984.

Merdeka: British Rule and The Struggle for Independence in Malaya, 1945-1957. Khong Kim Hoong, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1984.

Designer Genes: I.Q., Ideology & Biology. Eds. Chee Heng Leng & Chan Chee Khoon, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1985.

Shamsul di Kilang Ikan & Meena: Anak Gadis Estet. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1985.

Shamsul and the Ice-Crushing Machine plus Meena: A Plantation Child Worker. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1985.

Buku Sejarah Dunia Moden. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1985.

Where Monsoons Meet: A People’s History of Malaya. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1986.

Antologi Sajak Telok Gong. Ed. Usman Awang, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1987.

Islam and Its Relevance to Our Age. Asghar Ali Engineer, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1987.

Trade Unionism for Malaysian Workers, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1987.

Where Monsoons Meet: A People’s History of Malaya. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1987.

Tangled Web: Dissent, Deterrence and the 27th October 1987 Crackdown in Malaysia. CARPA, Sydney, 1988.

Islam dan SosialismeBurhanuddin Al-Helmy, et al. , Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1988.

Hajj. Ali Shariati, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1989.

Logging Against the Natives of Sarawak, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1st edition, 1989; 2nd edition, 1992.

Sucked Oranges: The Indian Poor in Malaysia. INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1989.

Japanese Investment in Malaysia. Shiode Hirokazu, Centre for the Progress of Peoples, Hong Kong, 1989.

Langkawi – From Mahsuri to Mahathir: Tourism for Whom?. Bella Bird, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1989.

Politics in Business: UMNO’s Corporate InvestmentsE. T. Gomez, Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 1989.

Money Politics in the Barisan Nasional. E. T. Gomez, Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 1990.

The Origins and Development of Islam. Asghar Ali Engineer, Ikraq, Kuala Lumpur, 1990.

Dasar Ekonomi Baru dan Masa Depannya. Khadijah Muhamed and Halimah Awang, Persatuan Sains Sosial Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1991.

Islamic Economics: Contemporary Ulama Perspectives. Muhammad Baqer Sadr and Ayatullah Sayyid Mahmud Taleghani, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1991.

Safety at Work in Malaysia: An Anthology of Current Research. Eds Colin Nicholas and Arne Wangel, Institute of Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, 1991 (196 + ix pp).

Contemporary Islamic Economic Thought. Muhamad Aslam Haneef, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1991.

Khazanah Intelektual lslam. Eds Nurcholis Majid/Ahmad Shabery Cheek, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1992.

Pirates, squatters and poachers: the political ecology of dispossession of the native peoples of Sarawak. Marcus Colchester, World Rainforest Movement, London, 1993.

Islam dan Cabaran Masa Kini. Asghar Ali Engineer, Ikra’, Kuala Lumpur, 1994.

Indian Plantation Labour in Malaysia. R. Selvakumaran, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1994.

Political Business: Corporate Involvement of Malaysian Political Parties. E. T. Gomez, Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 1994.

Riba: The Moral Economy of Usury, Interest and Profit. Ziaul Haque, Ikraq, Kuala Lumpur, 1995.

Power Play: Why the Bakun Hydroelectric Project is Damned. INSAN, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Voices from the Rainforest: Testimonies of a Threatened People. Bruno Manser, Bruno Manser Foundation and INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Contract Labour in Peninsular Malaysia. Rema Devi P., Institut Kajian Dasar, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Foreign Labour in Malaysian Manufacturing: Bangladeshi Workers in the Textile Industry. Anja Rudnick, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Prospects for Vietnam’s Industrialization: Lessons from East Asia. Nguyen Anh Tuan. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung with INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Divide and Rule: The Roots of Race Relations in Malaysia. Collin E. R. Abraham, INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1997.

Income Inequality and Poverty in Malaysia. Shireen Mardziah Hashim, Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland, 1998.

Labour Unrest in Malaya, 1934-1941: The Rise of the Workers’ Movement. Tai Yuen, Institute of Postgraduate Studies and Research, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 2000.

Making Money Off Migrants: The Indonesian Exodus to Malaysia. Sidney Jones, CAPSTRANS, University of Wolonggong, Wolonggong, NSW, 2000.

Dark Clouds At Dawn, by Said Zahari (English edition), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 2001 (316pp + lxv).

Asian Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: Towards a New Era of Cooperation Among Developing Countries. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, 2006.

Teachers Against Colonialism in Post-war Singapore and Malaya. Kua Busan, Forum, Kuala Lumpur, 2007.

Prophets and Progress in Islam. Ziaul Haque, Utusan Publications, Kuala Lumpur, 2004 (194pp + vi).

Translated Books

Salam Benua: Greetings to the Continent by Usman Awang, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1982 (95pp + xix).

Pagar Makan Padi: Amanah, Kemiskinan dan Kekayaan di Bawah Dasar Ekonomi Baru (Development in Malaysia: Poverty, Wealth and Trusteeship), by Ozay Mehmet (edited and translated with Mohd. Redha Ahmad & Shamsulbahriah Ku Ahmad), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1986 (165pp + x).

Kesatuan Sekerja Untuk Pekerja Malaysia (Trade Unions for Malaysian Workers), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1987 (58pp + vi).

Di Mana Bumi Dipijak (Where Monsoons Meet – A People’s History of Malaya), INSAN, Kuala Lumpur, 1987 (166pp + vi).

Warisan Shariati (Shariati’s Heritage), edited by Ahmad Shabery Cheek, Ikraq, Kuala Lumpur, 1987 (92pp + ix).

Haji (Hajj), by Ali Shariati (with Norazlina Abdul Aziz), Ikraq, Kuala Lumpur, 1989 (127pp + xiv).

Pilihan Nasionalis (The Nationalist Alternative), by Renato Constantino (Foundation for Nationalist Alternatives, Manila), Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1989 (168pp + xiv).

Etika dan Ekonomi: Suatu Sintesis Islam (Ethics and Economics: An Islamic Synthesis), by Syed Haider Nawab Naqvi (translation with Norazlina Abdul Aziz & Rokiah Alavi), Berita Publishing, Kuala Lumpur, 1990 (201pp + xiv).

Fatimah by Ali Shariati (translation with Wan Manan Muda and Norazlina Abdul Aziz), Ikraq, Kuala Lumpur, 1993 (163pp + x).

Aliran Pemikiran Ekonomi: Kenapa Ahli Ekonomi Tidak Sependapat? (Why Economists Disagree? The Political Economy of Economists), by John Cameron, Ken Cole and Chris Edwards (Methuen, London, 1983; 2nd edition, 1991), (translation with Noorkhairil Huda M. Ali), Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 2001 (404pp + xvi).

Academic Articles

1977

Perbincangan Rodinson tentang Islam dan Pembangunan Kapitalisme(Rodinson’s Discussion of Islam and the Development of Capitalism), Jurnal Antropologi dan Sosiologi, ,5: 89-103

Islam and Weber: Rodinson on the Implications of Religion for Capitalist Development. The Developing Economies, 15 (2), (June): 240-250

1979

Rural-Urban Dimensions of Socio-economic Relations in Northern Peninsular Malaysia: A Report from Three Villages. In Kamal Salih et al., Rural-Urban Transformation and Regional Under-development: The Case of Malaysia, United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Nagoya: 1-63.

1980

Capital, Colonialism and Contradiction in the Making of the Sino-Singaporean Bourgeoisie. Southeast Asian Studies, 18 (1): 162-167

Consequences of Adopting an Export-Oriented Industrial Strategy in Malaysia. ASEAN Business Quarterly, 4 (3): 43-49

How Malaysian Unions were Shaped by State Policies. ASEAN Business Quarterly, 4 (3): 44.

1981

Spontaneity and Planning in Class Formation. In Ulf Himmelstrand [ed.]. Spontaneity and Planning in Social Development, Sage Press, California: 133-151.

The Ascendance of Bureaucrat Capitalists in Malaysia. Alternatives, 7 (4), (December): 467-490.

Income Distribution and the Role of the State in Peninsular Malaysia (with Ishak Shari). In H. Osman Rani, Ishak Shari and Jomo K.S. [eds]. Development in the Eighties, Faculty of Economics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi: 212-254.

The Nationalization of Copper in Chile: Notes Towards a Legal-Economic Understanding of the Significance and Problems of Expropriation of an Export-Oriented Mineral Industry (with Joel Rogers), The Philippine Yearbook of International Law, VII: 108-142.

1982

Income Inequalities in Post-Colonial Peninsular Malaysia (with Ishak Shari), Pacific Viewpoint, 23 (1), (May): 67-76.

Capital Expansion and Uneven Development: Notes Towards a Historical Perspective. Akademika, 20 & 21 (January-July): 27-47.

Capital Accumulation and Technological Change in Malaysian Rice Farming (with Ishak Shari), Akademika, 20 & 21 (January-July): 235-261.

Towards the Study of Political Economy. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 6 (December): 132-142.

Ekonomi Bebas atau Pembebasan Ekonomi (Free Enterprise or Economic Liberation), Jernal Ekonomi, 1981/82: 31-38.

Masalah dan Masa Depan Dasar Ekonomi Baru Memandangkan Rancangan Malaysia Keempat(The Problems of and Prospects for the New Economic Policy In View of the Fourth Malaysia Plan). In Zuraina Majid [ed.]. Masyarakat Malaysia: Tinjauan dan Perbincangan Terhadap Beberapa Isu dan Topik Semasa, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang: 49-67 (1st and 2nd editions).

Orde Baru Ekonomi Dunia: Implikasinya untuk Malaysia (The New International Economic Order: Implications for Malaysia). In Zuraina Majid [ed.]. Masyarakat Malaysia: Tinjauan dan Perbincangan Terhadap Beberapa Isu dan Topik Semasa, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang: 116-124 (1st and 2nd editions).

Malaysia’s Green Revolution in Rice-Farming: Capital Accumulation and Technological Change in a Peasant Society (with Ishak Shari). In Geoffrey Hainsworth [ed.]. Village Level Modernization in South East Asia. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver: 225-254.

1983

Malaysia’s New Economic Policy and National Unity: Development and Inequality 25 years after Independence. In Sritua Arief and Jomo K.S. [eds]. The Malaysian Economy and Finance. Rosecons, East Balmain, New South Wales, Australia: 3-35, reprinted from Southeast Asian Economic Review, 4 (2) (August): 71-104.

The Nature of the Malaysian State and Its Implications for Development Planning. (with Toh Kin Woon). In Jomo K. S. and R.J.G. Wells [eds]. The Fourth Malaysia Plan: Economic Perspectives. Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur: 23-44.

Prospects for the New Economic Policy in Light of the Fourth Malaysia Plan. In Jomo K.S. and R.J.G. Wells [eds]. The Fourth Malaysia Plan: Economic Perspectives. Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur: 51-61.

Health Priorities in Malaysia: Medicine in a Sick Society? (with Chee Heng Leng). In Jomo K.S. and R.J.G. Wells [eds]. The Fourth Malaysia Plan: Economic Perspectives. Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur: 163-185.

Schooling for Disunity: Education in Colonial Malaya. Jernal Pendidikan, 8 (1978-1983): 63-84.

Sejarah Semenanjung Malaysia – Satu Pandangan Sains Sosial (Peninsular Malaysian History – A Social Science Perspective). Ilmu Masyarakat, 1 (January-March): 3-14.

Project Proton: Malaysian Car, Mitsubishi Profits. In Jomo K.S. [ed.]. The Sun Also Sets. Institute for Social Analysis, Kuala Lumpur (1st and 2nd editions): 332-335.

1984

Malaysia: The New Economic Policy (NEP) (with Toh Kin Woon). In Ngo Manh-Lan [ed.]. Unreal Growth: Critical Studies in Asian Development, , Vol. 1, Hindustan Publishing, New Delhi: 453-478.

Capital Accumulation, Technological Change and the Social Relations of Rice Farming: The Political Economy of Malaysia’s ‘Green Revolution’ (with Ishak Shari). In Ngo Manh-Lan [ed.]. Unreal Growth: Critical Studies in Asian Development. Vol. 2, Hindustan Publishing, New Delhi: 691-723.

Malaysian Military Expenditure. In Aliran [ed.]. The Arms Race: Humanity in Crisis, Aliran, Penang: 36-54.

The New Economic Policy and National Unity (with Ishak Shari). In S. Husin Ali [ed.]. Malaysia: Ethnicity, Class and Development, Malaysian Social Science Association, Kuala Lumpur: 329-355.

Malaysia’s New Economic Policy: A Class Perspective. Pacific Viewpoint, 25 (2): 153-172.

Embracing the West, Malaysia Looks East. Jernal Pentadbir: 21-23.

Plaies mal gueries du colonialisme (The Poorly Healed Injuries of Colonialism), Vivant Univers, 354 (November-December): 2-9.

L’economie: point nevralgique (The Economy: Focal Point), Vivant Univers, 354 (November-December): 17-22.

Education and Inequality in Peninsular Malaysia. Ilmu Masyarakat, 7 (October): 68-80.

Wage Trends in Peninsular Malaysian Manufacturing, 1963-73 (with H. Osman Rani), Kajian Ekonomi Malaysia, 21 (1) (June): 18-38.

Productivity, Prices and Poverty: A Brief Survey of Some Recent Trends in Malaysia. Kajian Ekonomi Malaysia, 21 (2) (December): 36-41.

Sabah, Sarawak and the New Economic Policy: Some Preliminary Equity Considerations. Southeast Asian Economic Review, 5 (3) (December): 143-155.

Ubat Baru untuk Penyakit Lama? Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 11 (June): 83-98.

1985

New Medicine for an Old Illness? Comments on Aspects of the Mid-Term Review of the Fourth Malaysia Plan. In Jomo K.S. [ed.]. Malaysia’s New Economic Policies, Malaysian Economic Association, Kuala Lumpur: 80-93.

Malaysia (with Tan Boon Kean) in ESCAP, Patterns and Impact of Foreign Investment in the ESCAP Region, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok: 97-112.

Public Health Expenditures in Malaysia (with Chee Heng Leng), Journal of the Malaysian Society of Health, 5 (1) (June): 73-83.

Whither National Culture in Malaysia? (with Mohd. Nasir Hashim) in Kua Kia Soong [ed.], National Culture and Democracy, Kersani, Subang Jaya: 140-146.

Towards an Integrated School System. In Kua Kia Soong [ed.], National Culture and Democracy, Kersani, Subang Jaya: 187-192.

Estates of Poverty: Malaysian Labour on Rubber Plantations. Ilmu Masyarakat, 10 (October 1985-March 1986): 6-10.

1986

Dapatkah Dasar Ekonomi Baru Menyelesaikan Masalah Perpaduan Kebangsaan (Can the New Economic Policy Resolve the Problem of National Unity) (with Ishak Shari) in Cheu Hock Tong [ed.]. Beberapa Asas Integrasi Nasional, Penerbit Daya Kreatif, Kuala Lumpur: 56-94.

Integrasi – Antara Asimilasi dan Segregasi: Penyelesaian Masalah Kebudayaan Kebangsaan di Malaysia (Integration — Between Assimilation and Segregation: A Solution to the National Culture Problem in Malaysia) (with Mohd. Nasir Hashim). In Cheu Hock Tong [ed.]. Beberapa Asas Integrasi Nasional, Penerbit Daya Kreatif, Kuala Lumpur: 101-106.

1987

Whither Industrialization in Malaysia? (with H. Ling Khong). Political Economy: Studies in the Surplus Approach, 3 (2): 223-262.

Sifat Pemerintah Malaysia dan Implikasinya untuk Perancangan Pembangunan (The Nature of the Malaysian State and Its Implications for Development Planning) (with Toh Kin Woon). In PSSM, Pembangunan Di Malaysia: Perencanaan, Perlaksanaan dan Prestasi. Malaysian Social Science Association, Kuala Lumpur: 24-49.

Economic Crisis and Policy Response in Malaysia. In R. Robison, K. Hewison & R. Higgott [eds]. Southeast Asia in the 1980s: The Politics of Economic Crisis. Allen & Unwin, Sydney: 113-148.

Recent Malaysian Tax Policy Initiatives (with Mukul Asher). In Jomo K.S. et al. [ed.]. Crisis and

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